What Is the Hardest/Strongest Wood in the World?

hardest wood in the world

hardest wood in world

Strength is one of the primary factors to consider when selecting the right wood for a project. Based on hardness, all woods are loosely divided into two categories – hardwoods and softwoods. However, not all hardwoods are necessarily hard and not all softwoods are soft. Balsa wood, for instance, is a hardwood but is actually very soft and light.

So, when you are looking for a wood that is actually strong and hard, look beyond just hardwoods and softwoods.

The Janka Hardness Test is the most common method for determining the hardness of wood. It involves forcing a small steel ball into the wood using external pressure/force. The force required (in lbf or N) to inject exactly half of the ball into the wood is that wood’s hardness. Based on the Janka test, Australian Buloke with a 5,060 IBF Janka rating is the hardest wood in the world.

As for the wood strength, that is determined by more than one factor, including the wood’s density, durability, hardness, compressive strength, bending strength, etc.

The strength of wood primarily depends on its density. The more fibers a wood has in a given area, the stronger is the wood. Wood doesn’t always have the same strength across its body and is generally the strongest in the direction of the grain.

Why is Wood Hardness Measurement Important?

For most projects, the hardness of wood is a primary factor for selection. While some projects require woods that are strong and very hard, others can do with soft or less strong woods. Stronger woods are generally more expensive than softer woods because of their higher demand. So, if a woodworker can manage with less strong wood, he/she will have to pay less. However, some projects like outdoor furniture must be made from strong and durable wood.

The wood hardness rating helps determine the durability of wood samples along with their resistance to specific conditions such as moisture, insect attacks, wear, and denting, which is an important criteria for wood selection.

The Hardest Wood in the world

Let’s get to the point now. So, which is the hardest wood in the world? Well, according to Wikipedia and many other sources, Australian buloke with a Janka rating of 5,060 lbf is the hardest wood in the world. However, Eric Meier of The Wood Database believes differently. According to him, the actual Janka rating of Australian buloke is 3,760 lbf (16,740 N), which makes it one of the hardest woods in the world, but not the hardest.

So, which is the hardest wood in the world? Well, according to the Wood Database, QUEBRACHO (Schinopsis spp.) has a Janka rating of 4,570 LBF (20,340 N), which makes it officially the hardest wood in the world. However, the doubt remains. Because many other wood experts still believe Australian buloke to be the wood with the highest Janka rating.

Ok, which wood is the next best?

Here’s the list of the top hardest or strongest woods in the world by Janka Rating:

1. Australian Buloke (5,060 lbf)

Grows primarily in Australia (Eastern and Southern parts of the country). It is unofficially known as the hardest wood in the world because of its high Janka rating.

2. Schinopsis Brasiliensis (4,800 lbf)

The wood is obtained from a flowering tree that primarily grows in Brazil. The wood is extremely tough with a Janka rating of 4,800 lbf. It is sometimes considered the hardest timber in the world and is used exclusively in construction because of its outstanding strength and hardness.

3. Schinopsis Balansae (4,570 lbf)

Schinopsis balansae is a hardwood that is obtained from a tree that can sometimes reach up to 24 meter in height. These trees cover most forest parts in Argentina and Paraguay. Considered as one of the hardest woods on the planet, this wood has a Janka rating of 4,570 lbf.

4. Lignum Vitae (4,500 lbf)

Lignum vitae is famously called a trade wood because of its high trade demand. It is obtained from the Guaiacum genus trees which grow exclusively in the Caribbean and some parts of South America. The wood has a Janka hardness rating of 4,500 lbf and is strong, tough and very dense. It is also very durable and is naturally resistant to moisture.

5. Piptadenia Macrocarpa (3,840 lbf)

With a Janka hardness rating of 3,840 lbf, Piptadenia Macrocarpa is one of the toughest woods in the world. It grows mainly in Argentina, Peru and Bolivia and is primarily used for construction purposes.

6. Snakewood (3,800 IBF)

Called so because of its unique snake-like appearance, Snakewood has a recorded Janka rating of 3,800 lbf. It is native to South America and used in a range of projects that require high strength and density. It is also commonly sold and used as an exotic wood species.

7. Brazilian Olivewood (3,700 IBF)

Brazilian Olivewood is a wood that is both hard and exotic. This makes it a common choice for a variety of wood projects, ranging from construction to furniture making and more. Native to Brazil, the wood is very strong, tough and equally beautiful.

8. Brazilian Ebony (3,692 IBF)

This type of Ebony grows mainly in Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina and is known for its outstanding hardness and durability. In addition, the wood is also shock-resistant, which makes it suitable for everything from construction to decking, and more.

9. Brazilian Walnut (3,684 IBF)

Brazilian walnut is obtained from Central and South America and has a Janka rating of 3,684 lbf. The wood is strong with a straight to interlocked grain. It is used for a number of outdoor and indoor woodworking projects worldwide.

10. African Pearwood (3,680 IBF)

Native to Africa, the African Pearwood is obtained from trees that grow primarily in Angola, Cameroon, Gabon, Nigeria and the Republic of Congo. It has a Janka rating of 3,680 lbf and is considered one of the strongest woods in Africa.

Looking to buy the best hardwood at a reasonable price or need help selecting the right wood for your project? Contact us at CameroonTimberExportSarl for free timber consultation along with the best price for premium grade, sustainably-sourced hardest woods in the world.

MDF vs Plywood: Which Is the Best Engineered Wood for Your Project?

difference between plywood and mdf

difference between plywood and mdf

MDF vs  plywood, here are two of the most popular types of engineered wood. Both types of wood are engineered, i.e. synthetically manufactured using wood and other materials. Both are suitable to be used for a variety of projects and have their own advantages and disadvantages. If you are finding it difficult to choose the best engineered wood for your project, here’s a detailed guide about MDF and plywood along with the difference between the two to help you make the right selection.

When you are ready to buy, contact us at CameroonTimberExportSarl to enquire about the best price for MDF and plywood. We are a leading supplier and exporter of top quality engineered wood and solid wood in 20+ countries around the world.

MDF or plywood is a less expensive alternative to solid wood, which is considered the best option for woodworking. However, because of the lack of availability and high price of natural wood, people opt for options like engineered wood which can be as good for a variety of projects ranging from furniture to flooring and more.

Before we start talking about the difference between MDF and plywood, let’s first get to know the basics of these two types of engineered wood.

What is MDF?

MDF or medium-density fiberboard is an engineered wood board made up of small softwood and hardwood fibres. Since there is no real wood involved, the MDF boards have no visible grain or knots. Wood fibres along with glue or wax are joined under specific pressure and heating conditions to achieve a strong and somewhat durable board that is cheaper than both plywood and solid wood but stronger than particleboard.

MDF board is smooth, looks beautiful and is easy to cut and carve. However, it can easily soak moisture, especially when not treated and sealed well. It is dense, and therefore heavy. It is not easy to screw and may get damaged easily without proper care.

What is Plywood?

Plywood is a type of engineered wood that is made by combining thin layers of wood, called veneers, using high-quality glue or other adhesives. Plywood is strong, hard and durable to moisture. It does not soak water and is somewhat resistant to insect attacks. Depending on the type of wood sheets used, plywood can be available in different grades. Plywoods are suitable for both indoor and outdoor projects, including flooring, high-quality furniture, and others.

Unlike MDF, plywood does not absorb water and is less prone to damage. It is easier to work with and glues and stains well. Also, it holds screws tightly and can be seamlessly customised in different designs and thicknesses.

Plywood can be expensive, with some premium grade plywoods being as expensive as solid wood. They must be finished well to hire the visible layers and grain on the surface. Also, plywood cannot be used to carve designs because it doesn’t have a smooth surface.

MDF vs Plywood

Though we have already discussed the basic difference between MDF and plywood above, here’s a quick look at some other things to help you make the right selection.

MDF Plywood
Strength High High
Durability Moderate High
Moisture resistance Low Moderate
What is it made of? Wood fibres Wood sheets/plies
Cost Low Higher
Ease of use Easy Easy
Screwing Bad Good
Surface Smooth with no grain Less smooth with visible grain and layers

 

Common uses of MDF include bookshelves, cabinets, doors, door frames and other indoor projects.

Popular uses of plywood include furniture (bed frames, sofa, tabletop, chairs, etc.), flooring, roofing, and a variety of outdoor projects.

While MDF is made primarily of hardwood and softwood fibres, plywood is made of very thin layers of wood obtained from logs. It is generally cheaper than plywood. It weighs more than plywood, which can be an issue when working with it. Plywood is stronger than MDF and doesn’t sag, split, expand, contract or warp. Because MDF is made up of wood fibres, it creates more dust when cut, but it’s easier to cut than plywood, which doesn’t cut well in fancy curves. It looks great when painted, while plywood is generally stained to achieve the desired finish. Because plywood is more durable, it is perfect for outdoor projects.

These are the basic differences or comparison ( MDF vs Plywood ) and if you are looking to buy top-quality plywood at the best price in the market, contact CameroonTimberExportSarl. We can provide plywood and other types of engineered wood in your desired grade with both standard and custom dimensions as required for your project. Contact us to know more.

What Are the Different Types of Manufactured Boards?

different types of manufactured boards

different types of manufactured boards

When looking to buy wood for your project, you have two options – buy solid wood timber or go with manufactured wood. Of course, buying and using solid wood is generally a costlier option. Moreover, in some cases, manufactured wood turn out to be better or more durable than real wood. If you are looking to learn about the different types of manufactured boards, here you go.

What is Manufactured Wood?

As the name suggests, manufactured wood is a type of wood that is manufactured and is not naturally produced solid wood. Manufacture boards are made by combining different wood pieces along with glue and other things to produce a stable and possibly more durable piece of wood. The best thing about manufactured wood is that it costs less than natural solid wood but can be as strong and durable. It is ideal for a variety of woodworking projects ranging from construction to furniture making, flooring and others.

In order to select the right manufactured boards, you must about the different types of manufactured wood boards along with their qualities and drawbacks,

Types of Manufactured Boards

The Most Common Types of Manufactures Boards Include:

  • Plywood
  • Particleboard/ Chipboard
  • Fiberboard
  • MDF (Medium Density Fiberboard)
  • Veneer

Plywood


Plywood is manufactured by combining alternate layers of wood such that their grain is at right angles to each other. The result is a very strong and durable wood with high resistance to tearing. The layers in plywood are combined under high pressure and controlled heat conditions to achieve a robust product. Waterproof glue is used to manufacture plywood that is water-resistant and can be used outside. Depending on the material used, plywood is available in different types, including veneered plywood and marine plywood.

Particleboard / Chipboard

chipboard
Particleboard, as the name suggests, is made from wood particles or smaller wood pieces. The wood pieces are joined together with adhesives under extreme heating and pressure conditions to form a wood board that is uniquely strong in all directions. Particleboards are less expensive than plywood or natural wood. To add further strength and durability to particleboards, they are often coated with melamine or finished with wood veneer.

Fiberboard

fiberboard
Wood fibre produced from mills and other construction sites is combined and glued together in a specific board shape using a synthetic resin-based adhesive, which results in a strong wood board that is moderately strong and resistant to breaking. Low-density fiberboard (LDF), medium-density fiberboard (MDF), and high-density fiberboard (HDF) are the common types of fiberboard.

MDF (Medium Density Fiberboard)

Medium Density Fiberboard
Medium-density fiberboard is both strong and affordable. It has good density and can be as strong as plywood. MDF is commonly used for building furniture parts such as drawers, and tables for office and dining. It is not water-resistant and not suitable to use outside, however, MDF has decent durability and strength and can be used the same as solid wood for a range of projects.

Veneer

veneer
Veneer is a thin layer of wood that is generally added to manufactured boards like particleboard or MDF to enhance their strength and make them more durable and resistant to moisture, termites, etc. It also helps give manufactured boards a more natural, wood-like finish.

Some other, lesser-known types of manufactured boards include blackboard, hardboard and insulation board.

Blockboard

blockboard
Blockboard is generally used as a cost-effective alternative to plywood, especially for applications needing boards of higher thickness. It is formed by combining a solid timber core with two outer facing veneers such that their grain is at right angles and form a solid, strong product.

Hardboard

hardboard
Hardboards are made from wood fibre, which is pressed between hot plates to produce large, thin grainless sheets that are generally used for making inexpensive furniture like cabinets.

Insulation Board

insulation board
Insulation board is a manufactured board that is primarily used on indoor walls for the purpose of providing insulation against heat and sound. It is made from wood pulp and is weak and with low density.

So, now that you know all about the different types of manufactured boards, are you ready to buy the best wood board for your project? Have questions or need help? Contact us at CameroonTimberExportSarl to enquire about the best wood timber for indoor/outdoor projects or to buy the best quality wood at the lowest price in the market. We deal in a wide variety of manufactured boards, including laminated chipboard, plywood, wood chips and more and deliver to all major countries in Asia, Europe, Africa and America.

Latest Wood Products Offered by CameroonTimberExportSarl

new wood products

new wood products

CameroonTimberExportSarl is a leading supplier, exporter and manufacturer of wood timber and logs in the Middle East, Australia, Europe, Latin America and other parts of the world. We not only supply wood but also provide various timber-related services as well as sell a range of related products including wood boards, plywood and tree products such as walnut kernel and in-shell walnuts.

Lately, many new products have been added to the CameroonTimberExportSarl website, and this article aims to educate people about these products including the process to order them. As a full-service wood manufacturing and supplier company, CameroonTimberExportSarl aims to become a one-stop solution for all types of wood products and related services, from timber production to wood harvesting, processing, drying, treatment and transportation.

Here are the latest wood and other products you can buy on the CameroonTimberExportSarl website.

Wood Boards

wood boards

Wood boards are custom-made flat, rectangular pieces of wood that are designed for a particular use. In general, wood logs are cut into timber, which are like small boards. Wood boards are bigger in size and are made either from timber or directly from wood logs. Composite wood boards made of wood pieces in combination with other materials like fibre, glue, veneer, etc. are also quite popular these days.

Wood boards are extensively used in furniture making, construction, flooring, tabletops, and a range of other applications.

While natural wood boards are made of solid wood, engineered or manufactured boards are made of composite wood. Fibreboards, particleboard, laminated boards, MDF, etc. are common examples of engineered wood boards. Boards made of softwood are called softwood boards and the ones made of hardwood are called hardwood boards.

To buy premium quality wood boards, both solid and engineered boards, contact CameroonTimberExportSarl for the best price. Special offers are applicable for bulk orders.

Plywood

plywood

Plywood is engineered wood made from veneers called plies. These plies or thin layers of veneer are attached together using a powerful glue to make a robust, highly durable and strong solid wood product.

Plywood is available in the form of wood boards and comes in a variety of dimensions suitable for different purposes ranging from flooring and roofing to furniture making, cabinets, and general construction. Plywood can be of different types such as softwood, hardwood, flexible plywood, tropical plywood, aircraft plywood, decorative plywood, marine plywood, etc.

Buy top-quality plywood in custom dimensions and sizes and at the guaranteed best price from CameroonTimberExportSarl and get doorstep delivery anywhere in the world. We have plywood available in a range of wood species and huge amounts. All wood is sustainably produced and processed at the company mill. Contact us today to enquire more.

Other Than Wood

Besides solid wood, timber, plywood and wood boards, we at CameroonTimberExportSarl also sell and supply various outside wood products including walnut kernels and in-shell walnut.

Walnut Kernels

walnut kernels
Walnut kernels are the dry fruits produced from a walnut tree. They are naturally covered in a hard brown coat, and the inner part or the fruit is called the walnut kernel. Walnut kernels are extensively used as dry fruits in dishes, juices, shakes, and directly. They are a great source of antioxidants and omega-3s and can help with a number of health-related issues including inflammation, cancer, overweight, type 2 diabetes and others.

Depending on the type of tree and the location, walnut can greatly vary in quality and size. Eating the best quality walnut is important for all-round benefits. Here at CameroonTimberExportSarl we now supply premium quality walnut kernels produced from some of the finest locations around the world. We sell walnut kernels in bulk and at the lowest price in the market. To buy the best quality walnut kernels, contact us today.

Inshell Walnuts

inshell walnuts

Looking to buy inshell walnuts or whole walnuts at the best price in the market? We sell in-shell walnuts at wholesale prices and delivery to all major countries. Whether you are in the USA, the UK or Australia, we can ship premium-grade in-shell walnuts to your location at the guaranteed best price.

Inshell walnuts, also called whole walnuts, are walnuts that have their shell preserved. This type of walnut is highly popular and widely used. They grow in many countries, but China, the US and Turkey are some of the biggest producers of the highest quality walnuts in the world. And now, you can buy the best premium quality whole walnuts online at CameroonTimberExportSarl with doorstep delivery anywhere in the world. Just call us to tell us about your requirements or to place your order today.

CameroonTimberExportSarl is the no. 1 supplier and global exporter of wood timber, logs, slabs, wood boards and plywood in the world. We are in the process of expanding our product line and have recently added many new products/services to our website. Make sure to check them out. To order, just call us or fill-up the form on our website.

What Are the Different Types of Defects in Timber?

major defects in timber

different types of defects in timber

Defects in timber are a very natural thing and can happen for many reasons such as natural forces, calamity, environment, insects, fungi, seasoning, etc. Having a brief knowledge of the different types of timber defects can help you easily identify a defect so that it can be dealt with properly and on time. Timber defects when not handled on time can lead to serious damage to your timber, making it unusable or reducing its lifespan.

CameroonTimberExportSarl is a top provider & exporter of high-quality wood timber in 50+ species and at the best price with doorstep delivery to all major countries around the globe. Our timbers are locally-produced, quality-tested and defect-free.

Different types of timber defects occur at different stages during the production and processing of timber. Let’s talk about the different types of natural defects in timber caused due to things such as natural forces, insects, fungi, seasoning and timber conversion.

5 Major Timber Defects In Detail

1. Types of Timber Defects Caused by Natural Forces

A large number of timber defects might occur due to natural forces, including wind cracks, shakes, upsets, burls, chemical stains, twisted fibers, water stains, knots and more.

  • Wind cracks occur when the outer surface starts shrinking and cracks are formed on the timber surface due to constant exposure to high-speed winds.
  • Shakes are cracks in the wood that might occur due to a variety of reasons such as non-uniform growth of wood or bending due to natural causes. Common types of timber shakes include cup shakes, heart shakes, ring shakes, star shakes and radial shakes.
  • Twist Fibers occur when the fibers in a timber tree are twisted due to external sources like high-speed winds.
  • Upsets are another type of timber defect that occur when the wood fibers are crushed due to external forces like high-winds or improper chopping.
  • Rind Galls refer to when trees start curved swelling, which generally happens due to inappropriate removal of a tree branch.
  • Burlsare uneven shapes that occur on the body of the tree due to specific injuries including shocks occurring during its growth.
  • Water stains are stains caused due to constant contact of wood with water which results in a permanent stain occurring on the wood surface.
  • Chemical Stains occur when the wood starts reacting with external chemicals like gases present in the atmosphere.
  • Dead wood is the wood that is extracted from a dead tree. It is very light and has poor strength and durability.
  • Timber knots occur after conversion of timber on places where a branch has been removed and a mark has been left as a result.
  • Coarse grain is when the gap between the annual rings is unusually large in fast-growing trees.
  • Druxiness is a type of defect in which the timber surface starts showing white spots and may lead to fungi problems.
  • Callus is the soft skin that covers the wound of a tree.

2. Variety of Wood Defects Caused Due to Fungi

Fungi in timber can lead to a variety of defects in the wood, which may include dry rot, wet rot, white rot, brown rot, heart rot, blue stain and sap stain.

  • Dry rot is when the wood is being eaten by a specific type of fungi, which converts it to a dry powder form. This happens when the wood has been improperly seasoned.
  • Wet rot occurs when the wood is put through alternate dry and wet conditions and fungi starts growing on it.
  • Brown rot is when the timber color turns brownish because a specific type of fungi has been eating its cellulose compounds.
  • White rot occurs when the timber color turns white because these types of fungi eat the timber lignin.
  • Blue stain is a type of defect which is caused by a specific type of fungi that turns the wood blue.
  • Heart rot occurs when fungi eat up the heartwood of a tree, usually through a newly grown branch.
  • Sap stain occurs when a type of fungi makes the sapwood discolored. This generally happens in timber with 25% or higher moisture content.

3. Types of Timber/Wood Defects Caused During Seasoning

Seasoning is the process of drying timber to reduce moisture content without causing physical damage to the wood. Inappropriate seasoning can lead to a number of defects, such as bow, cup, check, split, twist, warp, collapse and others.

  • Bow is when timber planks start forming a curve shape when stored for a long period after seasoning.
  • Cupping of timber refers to the timber having a curve along its width.
  • Sometimes due to over seasoning of timber, the wood fibers start separating, causing cracks in the wood, which are called checks
  • When checks spread to either end of the timber, it results in the wood splitting into two or more parts.
  • Twistis when the timber has a spiral curve along its length.
  • Honeycombing in timber occurs due to stresses created during the seasoning process.
  • When the top surface of wood dries rapidly than the inner part during seasoning, a type of defect is formed that is called case hardening
  • Collapse is the wood defect that occurs due to improper drying shrinkage of wood caused due to uneven drying of different parts.

4. Types of Timber Defects Caused by Insects

Insects are one of the primary reasons to destroy the quality and reduce the lifespan of timber. While some woods are resistant to insect attack, others are not and may need to be treated externally.

Termites, beetles and marine borers are three of the most common types of insect responsible for timber damage. Termites are white ants that eat up the timber from the inside without harming the outer layer. Beetles are small insects that affect the sapwood of the timber, converting it into power form. Marine borers live inside the timber by making large holes up to 60mm.

5. Major Wood Defects Caused During Conversion

Conversion is the process of turning wood logs into timber or lumber that is ready to use. A variety of defects can occur during the timber conversion process. The most common ones include diagonal grain, torn grain, chip mark and wane.

To know more about our timber seasoning and conversion process and how we ensure minimal defects on timber, contact CameroonTimberExportSarl.

Meranti Wood: Properties, Characteristics & Uses

properties of meranti wood

properties of meranti wood

Meranti is a durable hardwood with soft to medium density and light or dark golden reddish color, which depends on the origin of the wood. It is primarily used in internal applications and projects such as home/office interior, flooring, furniture, window, moulding, etc. In terms of workability, Meranti cuts, nails, glues, screws and sands easily. The wood is easily available and moderately priced. Here’s everything you need to know about Meranti timber, its properties, uses and availability.

CameroonTimberExportSarl is a leading exporter & seller of Meranti hardwood timber, logs and slabs. We supply to all locations around the world, including Europe, Africa, Australia, Western Asia, and America. For the best quality Meranti wood at cheap prices, contact us today.

Meranti Timber Introduction

Meranti has many types based on the species it is produced from. Some of these include Shorea pauciflora, S. acuminata, S. platycarpa, and S. platyclados. The wood is commonly known as dark red meranti or light red meranti based on its color. It is also sometimes called Philippine Mahogany because of its mahogany-like features and appearance.

Meranti is produced all over the world, but it is native to Indonesia and primarily grows in Kalimantan, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and the Philippines. In other countries where the wood is not locally produced, it is imported from other regions.

The Meranti trees are generally 65-130 ft tall and have a 3-6 ft trunk diameter. They are averagely strong and have moderate durability. Let us now look at some of the most important meranti wood properties in detail.

Technical specifications

meranti wood properties

Crushing Strength: 7,070 lbf/in2 (48.8 MPa)
Modulus of Rupture: 12,710 lbf/in2 (87.7 MPa)
Average Dried Weight: 42 lbs/ft3 (675 kg/m3)
Janka Hardness: 800 lbf (3,570 N)
Elastic Modulus: 1,743,000 lbf/in2 (12.02 GPa)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .55, .68
Shrinkage: Radial: 3.9%, Tangential: 7.8%, Volumetric: 12.5%, T/R Ratio: 2.0

Meranti Wood Properties, Pros & Cons

Color: Depending on the type, Meranti can be light red or dark red (heartwood) and has a lighter sapwood, but the dark reddish wood with white resin streaks is the most common.

Grain: Meranti wood grain is normally straight but can also be interlocked and has a coarse texture with a low natural lustre.

Endgrain: It is rather easy to identify Meranti wood because of its porous end-grain, having large or very large pores in no fixed arrangement.

Resistance & Durability: Meranti is generally soft or medium hard and rated as moderately durable. It has decent resistance to decay but is prone to insect attack, bugs and marine borders. The wood has average hardness and is relatively stable.

Workability: The best thing about Meranti is that it is easy to work with both hands and machines. The wood glues, stains, paints and finishes well. It is also easy to nail and has good sticking properties. However, the presence of interlocked grain can sometimes lead to troubles during planing. Some species having a little silica content can cause a blunting effect on woodworking tools. Also, Meranti is known to be poorly responsive to steam-bending.

Drying: Meranti is reported to dry easily and rapidly. In just about 2 to 3 months, the moisture content in wood can reduce from 60 per cent to 18 per cent when kept in the open air under covers. It undergoes little degradation when naturally drying.

Meranti Wood Types

Meranti can have different species based on origin and properties. The most common ones include Dark Red Meranti, White Meranti, Yellow Meranti and Light Red Meranti.

As the name suggests, the main difference is in color. Light Red Meranti has a pale straw color, while dark red Meranti is dark reddish or brown. While Meranti has a yellowish-orange heartwood, and Yellow Meranti is yellowish-brown. Other properties are nearly the same.

Meranti Wood Uses

Meranti has poor or moderate durability and rot resistance, which is why it is generally preferred for interior work. Due to the above listed meranti wood properties it is Commonly used as plywood, flooring, interior furniture, veneering, construction, windows, doors, joinery, and boatbuilding.

Meranti Wood Price & Availability

Meranti is widely harvested and grows in many locations around the world. It is therefore easily available. Even the imported wood has a moderate price because of its easy and ample availability. However, some species of this wood are added to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and may not be as easily available. Contact your local wood supplier or Cameroon Timber Export Sarl for details.

Your search for a reliable Meranti wood supplier/exporter ends here. We can provide top-quality wood products at the best price in the market with outstanding after-sales support. Contact us today to know more.

Understanding the Wood Kiln Drying Process & Why It Is Important

wood kiln drying process

wood kiln drying process

Wood Kiln Drying Process involves the use of a kiln – a type of oven – to manually reduce the moisture content of wood in order to improve its workability and efficiency. Heat treatment, air drying, etc. are some other popular timber drying methods.

Here at CameroonTimberExportSarl, we use kiln drying as a standard approach to dry woods with high moisture content. Other than that, we also use the air-drying method of drying timber. Besides using kiln drying for our own in-house wood production and processing, we also provide wood drying services to other wood dealers and manufacturers in the region. Contact us or visit our website for details.

What is Wood Kiln Drying?

Kiln drying is a wood drying method used by wood production and processing mills primarily to reduce moisture content in freshly felled green lumber to make them workable and improve the quality. It involves the use of an oven-like machine called a kiln to manually extract excess moisture out of wood.

Wood that has been treated through kiln drying possess is called kiln-dried wood. Kilns are designed such that a custom atmosphere with specific temperature, humidity, and steam levels can be created for wood treatment. It’s a reportedly faster and more efficient method than air drying.

A typical kiln is made of the following four components:

  • Kiln chamber – usually made of bricks, concrete or aluminium.
  • A powerful source of heat
  • Humidifiers to create proper humidity conditions
  • Fans to provide air circulation

Why is Kiln Drying Used?

Drying fresh wood is important for many reasons. The high moisture levels in wood can lead to a range of problems, including poor workability, warping & twisting and poor overall efficiency. High moisture levels in wood do not just cause problems during production and processing but can cost significantly in damages when in use.

Kiln drying helps bring moisture levels down to a workable range so that the above-mentioned problems are reduced to a great extent.

Drying is a crucial part of the timber manufacturing/production process, which helps ensure the end products are of optimal quality and do not have excess moisture that can cause troubles later on. Wet wood is not good for many things. It cannot be used as it is for anything from firewood to construction and other projects. Moreover, the use of green lumber can cause significant damage to the entire project over time.

Without kiln drying, the fresh wood will start drying naturally over time, thus losing its moisture content and causing twists, warps or shrinks, which will not be an ideal thing for any project.

Kiln drying is considered even better than the natural wood drying process. Here’s why.

Once the tree is felled, it starts losing its moisture supply and would start drying at a rapid pace. However, that rapid drying and moisture loss can cause significant damage to the wood’s quality. Kiln drying, on the other hand, would systematically extract the moisture out of wood without causing damage to the wood itself.

Kiln drying has many benefits over other wood drying methods. Kiln-dried wood is lightweight, doesn’t warp or develop cracks over time, is highly durable and has the lowest moisture levels. The dying process not only removes moisture quickly but also kills many insects, eggs and bugs in the wood, increasing its life and value.

The Wood Kiln Drying Process

The kiln drying process involves the use of a kiln to dry the wood using heated air. The method involves the following steps:

1. Sorting of logs: After the trees are felled and logs are brought to the mill, they are first debarked and then sorted into groups based on species, size or purpose.

2. Sawing: Big logs are sawn into smaller, rough boards of different dimensions and sizes for different end-use.

3. Kiln drying: After sorting and sawing, logs or timber are fed to the kiln machine, where they are treated with circulating heated air for a specific period to rapidly remove any excess moisture content from the wood. The treatment time, kiln temperature, air pressure, etc. are preset based on the target moisture content levels. To optimize the drying process, wood is fed in the kiln in batches sorted by wood species and dimensions.
Sometimes, the drying process needs to be repeated multiple times, depending on timber species, size and moisture content, in different temperature/airflow/humidity settings to achieve the right Equilibrium Moisture Content (EMC) to reach the desired moisture content levels.

4. Planing: Immediately after kiln drying, the timber is sent through the planer for planing according to the required final dimensions and size. Then, it is packaged and shipped out.

However, one should know that kiln drying, or any other method of wood drying for that matter, will not make the wood 100% free of or resistant to moisture. It is the nature of wood to attract and react with moisture. Unless the timber is fully sealed, it will keep interacting with and absorbing moisture in its environment.

Contact us (CameroonTimberExportSarl) for kiln wood drying services or to purchase the best quality kiln-dried timber at the guaranteed lowest price.

Top Mahogany Wood Advantages and Disadvantages in Detail

Advantages and Disadvantages of mahogany wood

Advantages and Disadvantages of mahogany wood

Due to the various mahogany wood advantages and disadvantages, it is arguably the most popular and used wood timbers in the world. The high popularity of mahogany wood is owed to its beautiful appearance, robustness and decent durability. Mahogany doesn’t just look premium but it also comes with a premium price tag, which is why its use is common in high-end construction, valuable furniture, flooring, instruments, etc.

you are looking to buy the best quality Mahogany timber with doorstep delivery anywhere in the world, contact CameroonTimberExportSarl for the best price. We provide top quality mahogany wood in both standard and custom sizes and also accept bulk orders.

In this article, we will discuss the various properties of mahogany wood, including its advantages and disadvantages.

Mahogany Basic Properties

Mahogany is available in different species based on origin, and each of these species has slightly different properties than others.

Some of the basic properties of mahogany (African) are as follows:

Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter

Hardness: 1,070 lbf (4,760 N)

Color: Heartwood is pale pink to reddish-brown, sometimes with reddish-brown streaks

Grain: Interlocked, with a medium to coarse texture

Rot Resistance: Moderately durable; moderate insect/borer resistance

Workability: Easy to work, glue, and finish

Mahogany Wood Species

Mahogany wood is found in a variety of species, of which the most common are mahogany Cuba, Honduran, South American mahogany, and African mahogany.

Different mahogany species may have different properties, but the species coming from the same family will usually have similar characteristics, colour, strength, etc.

Mahogany Wood Advantages and Disadvantages

Whether you are planning to use mahogany for a woodworking project or are just curious about the wood, reading about the various pros and cons of mahogany might help you make the right decision.

Mahogany Advantages

Mahogany is a great timber for many reasons. Some of the top advantages of mahogany include:

Excellent Workability: Mahogany is great to work with. It’s easy to cut, sand, machine and glue. The straight and consistent grain pattern of mahogany make it carpenters’ wood of choice. It is also easy to carve on mahogany. Mahogany wood also works well with both hand tools and machines. It holds paint and polish well and need not be re-polished for at least a few decades. Also, the wood is easy to nail and screw.

Great Stability: Compared to other wood species, mahogany depicts much better dimensional stability. The wood doesn’t shrink or expand much with time. Even during seasonal changes, mahogany only shrinks or swells small enough to go unnoticed.

Good Resistance: Though mahogany is not as good as teak and other highly durable timbers when it comes to rot resistance, it still shows decent resistance to rot and insects. The older the mahogany tree, the higher would be its durability. Some species of mahogany are found to be extremely durable. For instance, Fijan mahogany was rated 2 in a durability test. Thanks to the high durability and resistance of mahogany, the products made of this wood can easily last for decades and require less maintenance. Mahogany is also somewhat resistant to water and moisture and fairs well in outdoor conditions.

Beautiful Appearance: One of the best things about mahogany is its beautiful look. Both the color and grain of mahogany are attractive. It can exhibit both a plain and a sophisticated look at the same time. Mahogany looks perfect for almost every purpose, ranging from flooring to premium furniture and robust outdoor furniture. It is said that mahogany gets even more appealing with time. Moreover, the mahogany color is uniform throughout the tree, which makes the timber always look great no matter the project.

Available in Large Sizes: Mahogany trees are generally very tall and broad, and so it is easy to cut lumber in large sizes. The lumber acquired from mahogany trees is normally clear of any defects, knots, etc. Being a very famous wood species, mahogany is easily available in different sizes.

Mahogany Disadvantages

While Mahogany is a premium grade timber and suitable for almost all purposes, it may have some disadvantages as well. Some of the limitations of mahogany timber include:

Expensive: Though mahogany is generously available in many locations around the world, its huge demand makes mahogany somewhat expensive than other timbers. Also, the availability has reduced over the years due to the increasing demand.

Not Extremely Durable: Mahogany is only decent durable and has basic rot resistance. To further increase its strength and durability, the wood must be treated.

Large Varieties with Different Colors: Mahogany is available in many varieties, almost all of which have different colors. So, it can be sometimes difficult to find the right species with the right color in the middle of a project.

Some people also complain that mahogany is too heavy and gets darker over time, which may or may not be true depending on which species you are working with.

Want to know more about mahogany timber or have a question? Contact us to ask an expert.

What Are the Different Types of Engineered Wood?

different types of engineered wood

different types of engineered wood

Engineered wood is artificial wood that is made by using natural wood (softwoods and hardwoods) and a variety of additives like adhesives. Different types of engineered wood are considerably cheaper than natural wood because it is made from waste wood (coming out of sawmills) and rejected wood but can be equally strong or even better.

To increase its strength and durability, engineered wood is often treated through various processes. Also, these woods can be manufactured in custom sizes to fit specific requirements of certain premises.

Note: CameroonTimberExportSarl is a leading supplier and global exporter of top quality African timber sawn wood and logs with guaranteed on-time delivery. Contact us to enquire.

Benefits of Engineered Wood

Engineered wood has many benefits over natural wood timber, such as:

  • These can be stronger than some natural wood species; Can have more durability and better insect resistance;
  • Looks almost the same as natural wood;
  • It comes in custom sizes and can be manufactured to fit any place;
  • Engineered wood is less costly than natural hardwood;
  • Suitable for a range of purposes, from flooring to furniture, construction, interior design and more;
  • Engineered wood is sustainable because it is generally made from the waste parts of a tree that are generally rejected when making timber.

9 Different Types of Engineered Wood

Depending on quality, strength and design, different types of engineered wood are categorised as follows:

  1. Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL)
  2. Laminated Strand Lumber (LSL)
  3. Oriented strand board (OSB)
  4. Plywood
    • AB
    • AC
    • CDX
  5. High-density fiberboard (HDF)
  6. Medium-density fiberboard (MDF)
  7. Composite board
  8. Cross-laminated timber (CLT)
  9. I-Joists

1. Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL)

laminated veneer lumber

LVL is made by compressing wood veneers together using resins and glues. This engineered wood is very strong and highly dense and can be used in a variety of projects, including framing. Veneers in the LVL wood are stacked such that grain is in the same direction, which is why it has a single strength axis and can take the load in one direction.

2. Laminated Strand Lumber (LSL)

laminated strand lumber

This type of engineered wood is made by combining small wood strips – called strands – in a dense pattern such that the result is a high-quality, strong and dense wood product. LSL is primarily made by using wood fiber and resin. It can easily take heavy loads and is about 3 times costlier than natural wood because of the high demand.

3. Plywood

plywood

Plywood is a wood sheet that is made by combining thin layers of wood (plies) or veneer together using glue. Plywood is generally one of the most popular types of engineered wood and a common choice for builders. This composite wood is made by combing resin and fiber sheets together and has extraordinary strength and stability because of its cross-grain structure.

The two sides of plywood are made with veneers, which can be of different types depending on the quality. The common types of veneers used in plywood are A, B, C, D, and X, where A-grade veneer is of the highest quality and the D-grade is for the lowest quality, while X indicates plywoods that are suitable for external use.

CDX plywoods, for instance, have C-grade veneer on one side and D-grade on the other side and are suitable for outdoor use.

4. Oriented Strand Board (OSB)

OSB

This is a type of wood sheet or board that is formed by compressing wood strands or flakes together with adhesives. OSB sheets are primarily used in flooring, roof decking and other load-bearing applications. OSBs can be further categorised into other types based on strength, moisture resistance, and whether or not the board is sanded.

5. High-Density Fiberboard (HDF)

high density fiberboard

Fiberwood is a type of engineered wood made using fiber and glue. Based on the density, it can be of different types, including HDF, MDF and LDF.

High-density fiberboard, or commonly known as hardboard, is made by combining wood pulp with glue in a densely packed structure. It is strong, hard and can be used in a variety of projects including for making curved items.

6. Medium-Density Fiberboard (MDF)

medium density fiberboard

MDF is formed by combining fibers (made by breaking down hardwood and softwood pieces) with wax and resin into panels under high temperature and pressure. It is highly dense and can withstand moisture and insect attacks, depending on the quality.

7. Composite Board

composite board

Any wood that is formed by combining two different items is composite wood or board. MDF and OSB are popular examples. Composite engineers boards can have both wood fiber and plastic content and are sustainable and cost-effective.

8. Cross-Laminated Timber (CLT)

cross laminated timber

Cross-laminated timber is engineered wood made by combining the layers of solid sawn timber panels in a cross form using glue such that each layer is perpendicular to the next. The result is a stronger wood with a flexible design and excellent insulation capabilities.

9. I-Joists

i-joists

I-joists are a special kind of engineered wood that is designed to take heavy loads. These are suitable to use in all kinds of building structures, especially in areas with heavy loads, including floors and roofs.

For all your timber needs for composite wood and engineered wood, contact CameroonTimberExportSarl to buy premium quality wood timber at the best price online with worldwide delivery.

5 Best Wood to Choose from for External Timber Cladding

wood for external timber cladding

wood for external timber cladding

Choosing the Best Timber Wood for Exterior Cladding

External Timber cladding refers to the use of timber (wood) for cladding on another surface, usually walls and exterior of a place. The use of timber cladding adds strength, durability and natural beauty to the exterior walls.

If you are looking for the best wood for your next timber cladding project, you are at the right place. Here’s everything you need to know about timber cladding, including the best timber species for cladding.

CameroonTimberExportSarl is a wholesale exporter of timber in 20+ countries. We deal in a large variety of timber species, all produced, sawn and processed locally in our Cameroon mill. Contact us for the best quality timber at the best price in the market.

Timber cladding is a type of popular finish for the exterior of buildings. It refers to attaching timber/wood slabs to a primary structure (wall, etc.), generally to increase its strength and appearance.

Cladding is made by processing timber to a certain profile. Depending on the type of timber used in cladding and the profile, timber cladding can be of many types, such as v-groove cladding, shiplap cladding, shadow gap, half-lap, and others.

Since one of the reasons to use cladding is durability, timber species with good natural durability and beauty are preferred for external cladding projects. And thankfully, there are many options to choose from. A large number of timber species have been found to be useful in building cladding for building exterior.

Though cladding is made from many other materials, wood is preferred because of its high durability as well as aesthetic appeal. Not just homeowners and public properties, many commercial properties are also increasingly using timber cladding to add both protection and appeal to their building exterior. On top of everything, wood cladding is also favourable to the environment as compared to many other building materials, which is another reason why people are being inclined to them.

Benefits of Timber Wood Cladding

  • One of the primary reasons why people choose timber cladding is that it adds beauty and a natural look to the place.
  • Also, wood cladding is sustainable and environmentally friendly as opposed to other construction materials.
  • It’s easy to install, change, customise or replace.
  • It can fit any budget, as cladding is available in a wide range of timber species.
  • And last but not the least, timber cladding is also known to provide outstanding insulation against temperature, sound, etc.

Now, let’s come to the main point. What’s the best timber for cladding?

How to Choose the Best Timber for Exterior Cladding

Depending on your budget and cladding needs, you can choose from a variety of timber options for exterior cladding. Exterior wood cladding must not only match your building style and look but also should be durable enough. Depending on your location, the wood cladding must be strong enough to withstand natural things like rain, sun, snow, wind, etc. At the same time, it should have decent resistance to insect and fungal attacks.

If you are looking for the best timber for your external cladding project, here are some of our best options.

Iroko

iroko
Native to the west coast of tropical Africa, iroko wood is extensively used for decking, flooring, furniture, and cladding. It’s often called African teak because of its teak-like look and properties. The hardwood looks beautiful in its yellowish-brown colour and has extraordinary strength and durability. It’s naturally resistant to insect attacks.

Iroko is one of the oldest wood species in Africa. Did you know many iroko trees live up to 500 years or more? The slow growth rate of these trees is one of the reasons why the timber is so strong and dense, making it a perfect choice of wood for exterior cladding.

Oak

oak wood
Oak is highly durable and dense and can withstand a variety of insect attacks as well as natural phenomena. The timber is very tough and strong and lasts for decades, which make it a good choice for exterior cladding as well as a range of other exterior projects like furniture and flooring. Oak cladding also looks beautiful and has a unique appearance.

Sapele

Sapele Wood Logs
Sapele is a West African hardwood found exclusively in tropical rainforests. It is primarily used in flooring, furniture, panelling and cladding. Being an exotic wood, Sapele can be expensive depending on where you buy it from.

Sapele looks somewhat like mahogany and gives a wonderful appearance when used in exterior furniture and cladding. It’s also exceptionally durable and has good resistance to rot and insects.

Check out the latest price of Sapele timber @ cameroontimberexport.com.

Zebrano

Zebrano Wood Logs
Famous for its unique, zebra-like appearance, Zebrano is a highly durable wood that not only looks good but is also quite strong. It originates in West Africa and is commonly used for flooring, furniture making and cladding. The wood is dark brown with natural zebra-like stripes. Zebrano is highly durable and can withstand all kinds of natural phenomena. It’s also naturally resistant to insect attacks.

Wenge

Wenge Round Logs
Wenge is a premium wood like Zebrano. It grows in central and western tropical African and is widely used in furniture, flooring, cladding, among others.

Not only wenge wood looks exceptionally good in its natural dark brown colour with black streaks but also it’s extremely durable. The wood is very hard, dense and naturally resistant to termite attacks.