Manufactured Wood (Engineered Wood) Vs Solid Wood: Which Is Better?

difference between solid and manufactured wood

difference between solid and manufactured wood
When you are out in the market looking to buy wood for construction, firewood or any other purpose, it helps to know about the different types of wood so that you can make the right decision.

Not all woods that we see around us, in objects like furniture, tabletops, etc., are solid wood. Because of the increasing cost and scarce availability of natural wood, the concept of manufactured or engineered wood has become very popular in recent years.

Based on your particular woodworking project and/or requirements, you can go with either solid wood or manufactured wood, given that you know the differences between the two. So, manufactured wood vs solid wood: which is better? well to answer this question we must first understand about both types of wood.

What is Solid Wood?

what is solid wood

Solid Wood is the natural wood that we get from trees. Traditional wood has been in use for making furniture, wood objects, crafted items, etc. for centuries. However, the scarce availability of this type of wood in recent years has forced us to use manufactured wood instead.

Based on origin and growth, solid wood can be divided into two major types: hardwood and softwood.

Solid wood obtained from trees is cut into timber, which is then used for making furniture, flooring, doors, and other purposes. Common and most used types of solid wood include oak, maple, mahogany, birch, ash, pine, teak, rosewood, and cherry.

The easiest way to identify natural wood is by its grain structure, which is beautiful and unique. Grain structures of two different wood species are never alike. Solid wood is durable and strong and usually has good resistance to moisture, insects and rot. Another way to identify wood is by its color, which may range from light yellow to dark brown or red, depending on the species. Solid wood obtained from natural jungles is non-renewable and therefore costly.

What is Engineered Wood?

manufactured wood

Engineered wood or manufactured wood is a product that looks and acts similar to wood, but is manufactured in factories/laboratories instead of being obtained from natural trees.

Since there is only so much natural wood available in the world, the price of solid wood furniture is generally very high and cannot be afforded by everyone. This gave birth to the concept of manufactured wood.

Plywood, HDF (high-density fibreboard), particleboard, veneered board, and MDF (medium-density fibreboard) all are examples of engineered woods. These are easily available and cost less than solid wood.

Engineered wood is manufactured by adding two or more different materials, including particles, veneers, fibres, and thin wood boards, together. The use of engineered wood is common in a variety of low-cost woodworking projects, ranging from furniture to plywood, windows, doors, desks, kitchens, bookshelves, wardrobes, and others. Surfaces of items are furnished with solid wood layers or veneers to achieve a more natural look. These are usually water-resistant and easy to clean and work with.

Veneered boards have natural wood veneer on surfaces, which make them look and feel exactly like real wood.

Manufactured Wood Vs Solid Wood

Now that you have a good basic idea of solid wood and engineered wood, let’s discuss the various differences between the two, and which is most suited for what purpose.


Solid wood timber is obtained directly from trees, while engineered wood is manufactured by combining different boards, participles, fibres, veneers, etc.


Common examples of solid wood include oak, pine, maple, teak, and mahogany. Common types of engineered wood include MDF, particleboard, plywood, and veneered board.

Durability and Life

Solid wood has high durability and objects last for decades. Composite wood is comparatively less durable with limited life.

Moisture Resistance

Solid wood is resistant to moisture, but cannot stand up to constant exposure. Engineered wood is more resistant and can withstand exposure to moisture.


Solid wood may be very hard or soft, depending on the species. Manufacturer woods such as MDF and HDF are comparatively harder and denser.


Solid wood is non-renewable and trees might take years to grow again. Engineered woods are easily available as well as environmentally sustainable.


Since natural wood is scarcely available and has high demand, it’s much more expensive compared to engineered wood, which is readily available.

Now that you know everything about the basic differences between solid wood and engineered wood, we hope you are ready to make better buying decisions for your woodworking projects. Most of the wood furniture and objects we see and use today are made from composite wood.

If you are looking to buy top-quality, all-natural solid wood obtained sustainably from African forests, visit our official website to explore our wide range of African timber and wood species. We at CameroomTimberExportSarl are the largest supplier of raw African wood logs and timber to customers in over 15 countries and at the best price guaranteed.

Oak Wood: Properties, Characteristics & Uses

oak wood properties characteristics

oak wood properties characteristics and uses
Oak is a very popular hardwood used in a variety of projects, ranging from flooring to furniture, cabinetry, crafting, joinery, paneling, and decking. Though the use of oak timber is common since pre-colonial times, the wood is equally great for building modern pieces of stylish furniture. Because of its high durability, hardness and great looks, it is a first choice timber for woodworkers around the world. In this article, you can find in detail about the basic oak wood properties, characteristics and uses.

CameroonTimberExportSarl is a top supplier of premium quality oak wood logs and timber and provides delivery worldwide. Contact us to buy the best timber at an affordable price.

Oak Wood Properties & Characteristics

It is one of the most versatile, beautiful and useful woods. There are over 60 varieties of Oak, each with its own distinct color and hue. Of all types of oak, red and white are the most popular. It is a hardwood since it comes from a dicot or leafy tree. Hardwoods are generally stronger/harder than softwoods, but that may not always be the case.

Let’s dive deep into the different properties of oak wood.

Origin & Source

The wood comes from oak trees, which have numerous varieties. Even red oak can be further categorised into northern red, southern red oak tree, and other varieties based on the source tree location. Similarly, white oak can come from a variety of trees, including Quercus alba, Arizona white, or swamp white. These trees can grow up to 100 feet in height and have a diameter of around 50-inches.


Since it has many varieties, the colors may also vary significantly. While white oak has a beige-brownish hue, red oak has a darker, rosy color. Sometimes, two pieces from the same tree can have different colors based on where it has been extracted from. The sapwood is usually lighter than the heartwood, but not always.

The color may also darken with age, but the change is usually too subtle to notice.

Grain Texture

The grain pattern of this wood type is quite unique, which makes it rather easier to recognise. The wood has straight grain and an uneven texture, which can be identified easily. Specific species have specific grain texture. For instance, white oak has closed pores, which make the wood resistant to water. Red oak, on the other hand, has open pores. Another thing that is easy to notice in the grain of oak is the presence of dotted lines across the board. These are present in both red & white oak.

Strength & Resistance

Based on hardness, it is considered one of the strongest woods. White oak has a Janka rating of 1,360 while red oak has 1,290 Janka hardness. The higher the Janka rating, the harder the wood is. In terms of hardness, oak is superior to even walnut and cherry. More hardness means the furniture and items last longer and are sturdier.

White oak has decent resistance to water and damage because of its closed pores and higher Janka rating. The wood is quite durable and highly resistant to wear and tear, insects and fungal infestations. Oak wood furniture and construction have a fairly long life and will not go to landfill anytime soon, which also makes it eco-friendly. It can also be used as outdoor furniture because of its decent resistance to water and sunlight.


Oak is not only easy to recognise but also it’s quite easy to work with, which is another reason why woodworkers around the world prefer this timber type for furniture making. It stains, finishes, glues, and polishes well. The wood works easily with cutting tools and other machinery. It can be easily cut and split and is easy to use as a veneer. Because of its straight grain, nailing and screwing oak is also easy.

Because of high tannic acid content, it can sometimes react with iron, causing discoloration.

However, oak is rather heavy because of its high density.

Properties in a Nutshell

  • Common Name(s): White Oak
  • Scientific Name: Quercus alba
  • Distribution: All over the world
  • Tree Size: Up to 100 ft tall, 3-4 ft (1-1.2 m) trunk diameter
  • Average Dried Weight: 47 lbs/ft3 (755 kg/m3)
  • Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .60, .75
  • Janka Hardness: 1,350 lbf (5,990 N)
  • Modulus of Rupture: 14,830 lbf/in2 (102.3 MPa)
  • Elastic Modulus: 1,762,000 lbf/in2 (12.15 GPa)
  • Crushing Strength: 7,370 lbf/in2 (50.8 MPa)
  • Shrinkage:Radial: 5.6%, Tangential: 10.5%, Volumetric: 16.3%, T/R Ratio: 1.9

Oak Wood Uses

Because of its strength, durability, and workability, Oak is a common choice of timber for furniture-making as well as for flooring and other construction work. Basically, it can be used in a wide range of applications, ranging from basic work such as home construction to specialty projects like crafting and making kitchen appliances. Since white oak has decent resistance to water and moisture, it is also commonly used for making wine barrels and boats.

Other common uses of oak wood/timber include flooring, cabinetry, interior trim, boatbuilding, wine barrels, and veneering.

Where to Buy Solid Oak Timber Online

We at CameroonTimberExportSarl supply our sustainably-grown local and the best quality oak timber wood to dealers and individual woodworkers worldwide. We take pride in being one of the leading suppliers of oak wood in Central Africa. Our top-quality wood products combined with our top-notch service are made to fit your particular project needs and preferences.

If you are looking to buy top quality, authentic, and sustainable oak timber, contact us to shop now. For all your enquiries about the wood quality, availability, species and price, you can email us at or Whatsapp +237 683 37 5541.

Wood Identification – How to Identify Wood in 6 Easy Steps

identity wood

identity wood
Whether you are a professional woodworker, someone who works in construction or are a wood enthusiast, the ability to identify one wood species from one another might be valuable to you. There is no way you can learn to identify all kinds of lumber in just one day or by reading just one article, but this article about ‘the best ways to identify top & common wood species’ can be a good start.

Note that it may not always be possible to 100% correctly identify wood, no matter how much knowledge or experience you have. As Eric Meier of says, “The more accurate and thorough my identification process becomes, the more certain I become that I really cannot guarantee that I am correct.” Keep that in mind when you start your wood identification journey.

Wood Identification On Different Basis

There are multiple ways to identify lumber, which work best when used combinedly.

1. Identifying Wood Based on Solidity

Solidity is the characteristic of how solid the lumber is. Before we begin to identify the wood species, it is important to first confirm that it is actually solid wood or natural wood, and not manufactured by men. Here are some ways to do that:

  • The endgrain of man-made or manufactured lumber is easily distinguishable from the endgrain of natural lumber.
  • Real wood has growth rings clearly visible on freshly sawn surfaces.
  • Veneered wood usually has repeating grain patterns.
  • Check if it is plastic painted or printed to give a wood-like appearance.

2. Wood Identification Based on Color

Another quick and easy way to identify wood is through its color and appearance. Here is how.

  • Natural lumber color vs stained: First of all, verify whether the color on the wood you’re trying to identify is natural or not.
  • Weathered wood: Mostly, wood gets darker with age. So, if you’re trying to identify an aged/old wood, chances are the color would be darker (or occasionally lighter) than the original wood color. The best way to confirm this is by sanding a corner of the wood item to unveil its original color.

3. Identify Wood Based on Grain

If the lumber is fresh or unfinished, it is possible to identify the type by looking at the wood grain. Here’s how.

  • While most hardwoods have an open, porous texture (some exceptions such as maple are there), softwoods will generally have a perfectly smooth surface.
  • Quartersawn vs plainsawn: Many times, it’s possible to identify wood grain patterns based on how the timber has been cut.
  • Some wood species have unusual or specific figures on their freshly sawn surfaces, which make them easy to identify. Soft maple, for instance, has curly grain patterns located closely together.

4. Wood Identification Based on Weight & Hardness

The weight of one wood species will almost always be different from the weight of other species. So, you can identify wood based on its dry weight, hardness and density.

  • If possible, try to weigh the wood and then compare it to commonly known wood species based on weight.
  • Measure the lumber length, width, and thickness, and calculate its density in order to figure out weight per unit volume.
  • To get an idea of the wood hardness, try cutting a corner with your fingernail.

5. Identify Wood Based on Origin & History

It is also completely possible to identify a wood based on its origin and history. So, ask yourself questions like where did the lumber come from and how old is it in order to find out the type.

  • Based on the wood origin, it is possible to identify whether the wood was processed locally or imported from someplace else.
  • If the wood came from a certain timber mill or carpenter, it is likely to identify the type based on the common types of wood that the mill or carpenter uses.
  • Similarly, wood can be identified based on its age. Some species such as Brazilian Rosewood, for instance, are no longer commercially available because of CITES restrictions.

6. Other Factors – odor, uses, etc.

Wood can also be identified based on other factors such as odor and wood applications. For example, red oak and maple are usually the common choices for hardwood flooring. Similarly, many wood species have their distinct scent, which can be used to identify them.

So, by now, you must have a quite good idea about how to identify wood based on different factors such as weight, color, strength, hardness, uses, odor, etc. If you are still not sure, do contact us to help identify the type of your wood.

CameroonTimberExportSarl is a top exporter and supplier of premium quality African wood timber and logs in Cameroon, Africa. You can buy all top quality African timber in a variety of species at wholesale price directly from us and get delivery to all locations anywhere in the world.

The timber species we supply include but are not limited to Afromosia, Anigree, Azobe, Bilinga, Bubinga, Black Limba, Doussie, Ebony, Ironwood, Iroko, Ekop-naga, Ekop-beli, Mahogany, Merbau, Makore, Meranti, Maobi, Okan, Ovangkol, Okoume, Rosewood, Pine wood, Padauk, Pachyloba, Sapele, Tali, Teak, Wenge, Zebrawood, and Zebrano.

For enquiries about price, availability, and delivery to your location, call us today +237 683 37 5541.

Live Edge Wood Slabs: A Must Know Guide In Detail

live edge wood slabs

live edge wood slabs

Live edge wood slabs are a fast-growing trend among interior designers who love to blend contemporary designs with natural objects like live wood furniture. Applications of natural edge wood can be seen in both home and workplace settings. In fact, no interior design magazine is complete without some live edge wood objects. If you are wondering what it is, how and where it is used, and why, you’ll find answers to all these questions here.

One of the major purposes of using live edge slab is to make furniture and other objects for home/office design is to give a more natural, rustic appearance to an otherwise all-modern interior. And they blend beautifully with each other. These are generally easy to work with and can be painted, oiled, glued, and finished in almost every style and to fit every setting.

At CameroonTimberExportSarl, you can find and buy both finished and unfinished wood slabs for projects ranging from construction, home furniture, decor and DIY projects. We supply timber slabs and wood logs to businesses and individuals all over the world. Contact us today to check availability in your location/country.

What are Live Edge Wood Slabs?

A natural edge wood slab is a piece of wood that has the tree’s natural edges, including the bark. The wider the tree trunk, the wider will be the live edge slabs produced from it. Since the middle section of the tree is usually the widest, this is where the widest slabs come from.

The term “live edge” means that the slab retains the living part, i.e. the outer edges or rings, of the tree in order to give it a more natural look. A natural slab will usually have the rough tree bark intact on both sides.

Live Edge slab is widely popular and quite expensive

Natural edge slabs are getting a lot of popularity these days. They don’t just look beautiful but also have a unique character that cannot be duplicated. Unlike manufactured timber, each live edge slab is unique and an exact replica of it is nearly impossible to produce. Another reason for the increasing popularity is that they look wonderful when mixed with modern design for the interior of a place. People love the natural appearance they give to the place.

As a natural, raw part of a tree, live edge slabs are usually very strong, durable and have a long life. Their immense popularity and unbeatable strength properties are the reasons why these slabs are usually very expensive. However, there are also cheaper alternatives such as live edge Pine wood.

What are the uses of Natural Edge Wood Slabs?

While natural edge slabs are most commonly used for building centerpieces such as tabletops and countertops, it doesn’t mean that they cannot be used for other creative woodworking projects. Here is a list of some examples in which live edge slabs is used extensively.

1. Natural Edge Wood Table
2. Natural Edge River Table
3. Live Edge Bartop
4. Natural Edge countertop
5. Live Edge shelves
6. Headboard
7. Coffee table
8. Natural Edge artwork
9. Mantle
10. Live Edge bench

As I said, there is practically no limitation to what you can do with a slab. We have seen people using these slabs to build mirror frames, benches, and other things.

Choosing a Live Edge Wood Slab

Live edge slabs are available in wide varieties, and each slab has different properties than the other. So, you should be careful while choosing the right slab for your project. While the cheaper slabs are less durable and have basic strength qualities, the more expensive ones are usually stronger and more durable.

If you are confused, you can contact us to discuss your project requirements and find out the best wood slabs for you.

How to Buy the Best Quality Wood Slabs

Are you looking to buy the quality live edge slab at affordable prices, you’ve just found it. At CameroonTimberExportSarl, we locally manufacture and process these slabs, which are the best in quality and priced economically to fit the budget of our customers. You can also order for custom live edge slabs online.
Contact us today with your requirements.

Types of Teak Wood on the Basis of Grade & Origin

types of teak wood

types of teak wood
For most of us, when we hear the word ‘teak’, before comes the image of a timber that is dark or golden-brown in color with creamy whitish sapwood. But, did you know there are over 10 varieties of teak wood on the basis of origin alone, with color ranging from dark brown to red and golden? In this article, you can read about all the different types of teak wood, along with their properties and uses.

CameroonTimberExportSarl is a leading provider of top-grade African timber, logs and wood, with shipping all over the world. We export and supply all major types of teak wood to our customers in the UAE, Malaysia, Vietnam, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Canada, Australia and other countries. Contact today for a quote.

What is Teak Wood?

Teak is one of the most widely used timbers, for it is strong and very durable. Also, it’s one of the most expensive woods because of its outstanding popularity and huge demand.

Teak Properties:

  • Scientific Name: Tectona grandis
  • Distribution: Southern Asia (India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Myanmar, etc.), tropical regions of Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
  • Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter
  • Janka Hardness: 1,070 lbf (4,740 N)
  • Shrinkage: Radial: 2.6%, Tangential: 5.3%, Volumetric: 7.2%, T/R Ratio: 2.0

The teak wood has a golden brown heartwood and white-yellowish sapwood. The grain is usually straight, sometimes interlocked. The presence of natural oils might make surfaces oily, but doesn’t affect the wood’s workability. Teak has the highest level of durability and is considered the best wood in terms of resistance to rot, decay and termites. The high silica content of Teak might cause cutting edges to get blunt. Freshly milled teak has a leather-like scent.

Teak Wood Applications & Common Uses

Because Teak wood is strong, durable and water-resistant, it is widely popular and used across a variety of projects, such as:

  • Marine works, including railings, decking, cabins, boat building, etc.
  • Making high-quality outdoor furniture
  • Railings of decks
  • Veneering
  • Flooring
  • Shelving
  • Exterior construction
  • Making decorative items
  • Carving
  • Turnings
  • Making cutting boards & countertops
  • Making doors & windows

Different Types of Teak Wood

Let’s now start talking about the interesting varieties of teak wood. On the basis of quality, there are three types, while on the basis of quality, there are 13 different variety of teak wood available in the market.

Based on Grade

1. Grade A Teak

As the name suggests, this type of teak is that of the highest quality. The timber is extracted from the heartwood (very center) of a fully matured teak tree. It can be easily identified by its identical golden-brown color. The presence of natural oils makes the wood highly resistant to weather, water and insects. It is the most expensive type of teak wood.

2. Grade B Teak

This type of teak wood is extracted from the outer heartwood of the tree, which is not as great in quality as the Grade A teak, but still has decent durability, strength and resistance properties. It is lighter in color and is also less expensive.

3.Grade C Teak

This is the lowest quality teak with limited or zero durability. It is derived from sapwood or mature tree logs. The color is pale white to creamish. It is soft and very cheap.

Based on Origin

4. Burma/Burmese Teak Wood

Burmese teak wood is derived from an old-growth tree that grows naturally in the forests of Myanmar and Burma. It is one of the best quality teak woods available in the market. The color is dark golden and gets darker with age. It has high amounts of natural oils, which make it very durable and strong.

5. Thailand Teak Wood

Thailand teak wood is the best quality teak wood on the planet. It’s even better than Burmese and Indian teak woods. However, it’s no longer available for common use because of rare availability.

6. Indian Teak Wood

In terms of quality, Indian teak wood is one of the best. It is extracted from the old-growth forests of India. It is even better in quality and durability than Burmese teak. However, it is very expensive because of huge demand and limited availability.

7. South American Plantation Teak Wood

These teak trees are planted in South America and have a low life span. The teak quality, color and other properties are very similar to that of African teak wood.

8. African Plantation Teak Wood

This type of wood is derived from trees planted in Africa. The low growth span makes this wood have a limited amount of natural oils, which means their strength and durability is only decent. The color of the wood is light brown with widely distributed grains.

9. South American Teak Wood

Also known as garapa, this teak wood is very durable and has a golden-brown color. But, it is not natural teak.

10.Brazilian Teak Wood

Commonly known as Cumaru, this is also not real teak wood. However, it’s very durable and has a high content of natural oils, which makes it very resistant to insects and water.

11. African Teak Wood

Iroko, which is often called African teak, is not real teak wood.

12. Indonesian Teak Wood

This type of teak wood is native to Indonesian forests. The wood is highly resistant to weather and soil, which makes it suitable for outdoor projects. The quality is not as good as the Burma teak, but still very good. It is brown in color.

13. Chinese Teak Wood

Chinese teak wood is golden in color. It’s also not a real teak wood and is famous by the name Robinia wood, however, the properties are similar to that of real teak.

Now, you can buy as much industry-grade wood as you need in wide varieties directly from CameroonTimberExportSarl at the best wholesale prices with delivery to your doorstep. Whether you are looking to buy teak wood for personal use or to resell, we can offer the lowest price with a quality guarantee. Contact us today to know more.

5 Most Common Types of Softwood Lumber For Woodworking

types of softwood

types of softwood

Softwood is a wood product that is derived from trees and used in a variety of projects, including construction and furniture making. Contrary to the name, softwood is not always soft, but it’s usually lighter than hardwood. Because of its easy availability and cheaper price than hardwood, softwood is the most common wood used in routine woodworking projects.

If you are here, you are probably looking to know everything about softwood, including the types of softwood and its examples.

What is softwood?

Softwood is the wood produced from gymnosperm trees such as conifers. These trees have a fast growth rate and retain their leaves throughout the year. The most common examples include pine, cedar, spruce, larch and fit.

Depending on the type, softwoods can be used for a variety of woodworking projects, including interior mouldings, making windows, furniture, plywoods, fibreboards, and construction framing.

Here, we will discuss the common types/varieties of softwood along with their respective properties and uses.

Types of Softwood Lumber With Examples

A number of wood species come under the softwood category based on their origin, characteristics and properties. However, not all softwoods are the same. It is crucial to know the right type of softwood for your project before buying one. At CameroonTimberExportSarl, we supply all the top varieties of African softwood and have experience using these woods in real projects.

Some of the most popular types/species of softwood include Pine, Cedar, Redwood, Larch, Douglas Fir, Poplar, among others.



Pine is the most versatile and popular softwood because of its easy adaptability to a range of applications. It is also the most easily available softwood timber in the world, which makes it cheaper compared to most hardwood options. Pine is used in a variety of projects, mainly in furniture making and construction.

Pinewood bends easily, which makes it a superior choice for making turned objects and furniture. It also carves and stains better than other options. It is also commonly used for flooring, framing and roofing because of its considerable durability and long life. Pine has multiple species, which differ in color, strength and other basic properties.



Cedar is a premium softwood that is relatively denser and tougher and has high durability, which is why it’s commonly used for outdoor furniture, decking, and exterior works. Because it’s tough and has decent resistance to moisture, decay and insects, it is ideal for a variety of uses, including flooring, furniture, roofing, among others.

The fine appearance and attractive aroma of cedar also make it suitable for making indoor furniture and other objects. The Western Red Cedar is one of the most popular species of cedar and is preferred for making customised pieces because of its attractive red hue.



Similar to cedar, redwood also has outstanding resistance to moisture, which makes it suitable for making outdoor furniture, flooring, etc. The wood has a decent life and will not decay easily. It is not as hard as cedar and is also cheaper. The products made from redwood possess high quality.

European redwood is a popular species, which is usually light in color and used for both indoor and outdoor applications.



Larch is a softwood type which is commonly imported from the UK and Siberia. It is moderately durable and is strong enough to be used in a variety of construction projects, including for building exterior design such as timber cladding. The color and properties of larch wood may vary depending on its origin.

Douglas Fir

douglas fir softwood

Douglas Fir, or commonly called Fir, is a red-brown softwood timber that is primarily used in buildings. The wood grain is tight & straight with a few knots. It is extensively used for joinery applications, including flooring, cladding, facades, etc. You may also know Douglas Fir from its use as Christmas trees.

The pulp made from the processing of fir is used for plywood and OSB. The moderate cost of fit makes it suitable for use in a range of applications. It is harder and stronger than most softwoods.

Buy Top Quality Softwood from Cameroontimberexportsarl

At CameroonTimberExportSarl, you can find and purchase top quality different types of softwoods that are suitable for a large range of applications. We are known for supplying the best quality softwoods at competitive prices. As a wholesale timber supplier, we can deliver softwood timber to your doorstep anywhere in the world.

To know more about our softwood varieties, prices and availability, contact us today.

Teak Wood: Properties, Characteristics & Uses

teak wood properties

teak wood properties

Teak is one of the most popular premium hardwood species in the world. It’s a tropical hardwood that belongs to the family Lamiaceae. Also known by its scientific name, Tectona grandis, teak trees commonly grow in tropical regions of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Due to its rare availability and extensive growth time (takes about 20 years to fully grow), teak is generally very expensive.

Whether you are looking to buy Teak wood logs, timber or simply curious about the wood, you can read here about the various teak wood properties and its uses.

Teak Wood Properties & Characteristics

Teak is a tropical hardwood. The trees can grow up to a height of 40 m and have an average trunk diameter of 1-1.15 m.

Colour and texture

Tropical teak wood has a golden or medium brown heartwood with slight grey or red tints. The sapwood is a pale yellow, almost white, and is easy to distinguish. The wood colour gets darker with age.

The wood usually has straight grains, but can also be interlocked on occasions. It has an uneven texture, sometimes coarse and in other places smooth. The natural oils of teak give the raw wood an oily or greasy feel as well as a distinguished odour.

Density, strength & resistance

Teak has a firm structure. The wood is well-known for its above-average durability, which makes teak wood objects easily last 40 years or more. It is fairly resistant to termites, decay and rot. However, marine borers can cause damage to untreated teak sapwood.


Teak is a hardwood which is relatively easier to work with because of its firm structure. However, its high silica content can sometimes make the cutting edges blunt, which is why using tungsten-carbide blades is recommended. Nailing and screwing is easy. The natural presence of oils in teak can sometimes make gluing difficult, and it’s recommended to glue timber surfaces when freshly dressed. Teak fares well against painting, staining, polishing and waxing, however, steam bending teak is not possible.

Teak wood Properties in a Nutshell

teak wood properties

  • Average Dried Weight: 41 lbs/ft3 (655 kg/m3)
  • Janka Hardness: 1,070 lbf (4,740 N)
  • Modulus of Rupture: 14,080 lbf/in2 (97.1 MPa)
  • Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .55, .66
  • Crushing Strength: 7,940 lbf/in2 (54.8 MPa)
  • Elastic Modulus: 1,781,000 lbf/in2 (12.28 GPa)
  • Shrinkage: Radial: 2.6%, Tangential: 5.3%, Volumetric: 7.2%, T/R Ratio: 2.0

Teak Wood Uses

uses of teak wood

Due to the above-listed properties of teak wood, it is widely used in marine applications such as boatbuilding, including decking, railings, planking, and making doors. It is also commonly used for construction purposes, including flooring, decking, cladding, framing, and barge boards. Other than these, teak is also used for making attractive-looking and highly durable indoor and outdoor furniture, paneling, carvings, turnings, and similar objects.

Timber frames are mostly favoured for making structures of commercial and industrial buildings with the aim to extend their life.

Teak Wood Price and Availability

Teak naturally occurs in the monsoon forests of some countries, including India, Myanmar, Vietnam and Thailand. However, extensive deforestation and cutting of trees have led to a scarcity of this premium timber. Teak plantations are commonly found in Africa, Indonesia, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and the West Indies. Even in these places, the availability is scarce, which is why the price of teak timber is going up each day.

For the best price of teak timber and logs and readily available, you can contact us at CameroonTimberExportSarl. We sell freshly sawn teak timber and raw logs at wholesale rates and deliver to our customers all over the world. Contact us today to find out more about our teak species, quality, availability and prices.

Sapele Wood: Properties, Characteristics & Uses

sapele wood

sapele wood
Sapele was not so popular until the governments worldwide put an outright ban on the commercial exploitation of Mahogany, which is one of the world’s most popular and rare timber species. Not only Sapele is similar to Mahogany in terms of properties like color, strength, etc. but also it’s much cheaper and readily available, which makes it a viable alternative for industrialists and woodworkers worldwide. Same as Mahogany, Sapele can be used for a range of interior and exterior woodworking applications.

If you are here, you are probably looking to know more about Sapele wood properties, including the timber characteristics and uses.

Sapele Wood: Distribution and Basic Properties

sapele wood properties

Sapele belongs to the same botanical family as Mahogany and shares similar characteristics in terms of color, workability, etc. The distribution of Sapele trees is largely limited to West African countries including Ghana, Nigeria, and Tanzania. The Sapele can grow to a maximum height of 100-150 ft (30-45 mt) and have a maximum trunk diameter of 1.5 m.

As mentioned before, most of the characteristics of Sapele are similar to that of Mahogany. These include the heartwood color, which is golden to dark reddish-brown and darkens with age, durability, and grain patterns. Because of the interlocking grains, Sapele can be relatively difficult to work with and can result in tearouts during machining operations like planing and routing.

Color & Appearance: Sapele heartwood is dark reddish-brown and gets darker with age. The interlocking grain pattern of Sapele wood can cause the heartwood to have ribbon patterns along with a variety of other figured patterns, such as wavy, quilted, and pommele. This dramatic figurative pattern is what makes Sapele an exotic looking timber.

Texture: The Sapele heartwood has a wavy, but fine uniform texture due to interlocked grain patterns, which are clearly visible on quartersawn timber and veneer. However, these anomalies in the texture can make it difficult to cut or mold the wood using machines.

Resistance: Because of similarities to mahogany, Sapele is also quite durable and has decent resistance to rot, insect, etc.

Other Physical and Mechanical Sapele Wood Properties of

  • Janka Hardness – 1,410 lbf (6,280 N)
  • Average Dried Weight – 42 lbs/ft3 (670 kg/m3)
  • Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC) – .50, .67
  • Crushing Strength – 8,750 lbf/in2 (60.4 MPa)
  • Modulus of Rupture – 15,930 lbf/in2 (109.9 MPa)
  • Elastic Modulus – 1,746,000 lbf/in2 (12.04 GPa)
  • Shrinkage: Radial – 4.8%, Tangential: 7.2%, Volumetric: 12.8%, T/R Ratio: 1.5

Availability and Price

Even though Sapele has been placed on IUCN Red List because about 20% of the wood population was lost in the past few decades, it’s still the easiest and cheapest available variant to Mahogany. From CameroonTimberExport, you can buy African Sapele slabs, logs and timber form at the lowest price in the market with guaranteed on-time delivery to your location anywhere in the world.

Primary Uses of Sapele Wood

Sapele can be used in a variety of woodworking projects, including as a high-quality and good looking replacement to Mahogany. Some of the best examples of Sapele timber applications include making fine furniture, boatbuilding, turned objects, cabinetry, paneling, flooring, veneering making, doors and windows, outdoor furniture, musical instruments, countertops, beams, and specialty items.

How to Buy Sapele Online (At the Lowest Price)

If you are looking for the best place to buy Sapele wood, timber or veneer online at the lowest price with location shipping, contact CameroonTimberExportSarl. We are Africa’s leading exporter of top-quality sapele wood logs and timber and ship to most locations around the globe.

Contact us today to know more about our Sapele wood specifications, dimensions, quality, availability and price.

Different Types of Pine Wood & Its Uses

types of pine wood

Pine is a softwood that comes in a number of variants with different colors and other core features. As a softwood, Pine wood is flexible but also durable. It is often used as a less expensive variant to timbers such as teak, which is one of the costliest woods for furniture making. If you are more curious about pine and its variants, here you’ll find out all about Pine wood, its variants and uses.
types of pine wood

4 Major Pine Wood Variants in Detail

Based on the color and other core properties, we have 4 major types of pine wood, which include white pine, western yellow pine, southern yellow pine, and red pine.

1. White Pine Wood

white pine wood

As the name suggests, this category of pine trees are white in color, i.e. have a white or pale yellow sapwood, while the heartwood is light brown. Other characteristics of white pine wood include low density, even grain, high durability, fine texture and small resin canals. Thanks to its high durability, the wood is resistant to splitting or swelling.

White pine can be further categorised into four species, which include sugar pine, western white pine, eastern white pine and limber pine.

Sugar Pine: The most popular and common species of pine is also the most valuable. It has a coarse texture and large resin canals. It’s commonly used in exterior and interior trim work, for making frames, moldings and musical instruments.

Western White Pine: Also known as silver pine, this species of pine has even grain and medium texture. Uses include plywood, interior, veneering, wooden matches, boxes and making fine furniture.

Eastern White Pine: It is used in construction timber, carving, boat-making and interior millwork.

Limber Pine: Also known as Rocky Mountain white pine, it’s mostly used in fuel wood or rough construction.

2. Southern Yellow Pine Wood

southern yellow pine

Southern yellow pine is relatively harder than regular pine trees and have a higher density. The sapwood of this category of pine is yellowish white while the heartwood is reddish brown. It can be further categorized into four major species, which are shortleaf pine, longleaf pine, slash pine and loblolly pine.

Shortleaf Pine: Besides being quite beautiful, this pine species is also very affordable. It’s primarily used for making timber, which is used for construction, veneer, etc.

Longleaf Pine: This precious pine is used mainly for ship building and timber is used for interior and exterior construction.

Slash Pine: Slash pine is primarily used for making timber, which is then used in the construction of beams, poles, bridges, etc.

Loblolly Pine: Same as Slash Pine, this pine species is used for construction, but it’s also used for making furniture, pallets, boxes and plywood.

3. Wester Yellow Pine Wood

western yellow pine

In terms of hardness, this category of pines falls right between white pine and Southern yellow pine. With a more even grain, they are neither very soft nor very hard. It has two major species, called Lodgepole pine and Ponderosa pine.

Lodgepole pine: The wood is used for lodges, veneer, sheathing, plywood, poles, subflooring and cabinetry.

Ponderosa pine: This species of pine has a clearer wood that is ideal for making blinds, modlings, doors, cabinetry and subflooring.

4. Red Pine Wood

red pine wood

The red pine wood has white yellowish sapwood and a reddish brown heartwood. It has straight, even grain with a medium texture. The red pine timber is used as construction lumber and for making poles, cabin logs and railway ties.

Pine Wood Uses

common uses of pine wood

The use of pine wood depends on the type and color. Most of the timber is used for flooring, furniture and cabinetry. Since pine timber is available in a great variety of colors, they are particularly liked for interiors, furniture making and other design-focus woodworking projects.

For centuries, people have been using pinewood for making log cabins. From the 18th century and after that, pine timber was started to be used to make furniture, flooring, etc.

In the modern world, it is used as a cheaper yet high-quality alternative to many premium woods for making flooring, furniture, trims and moldings, decks, veneer, etc.

Buy Your Favorite Types of Pine Wood Timber & Logs At The Best Price Online

Because of the abundant supply of pine softwood in many locations around the globe, the price of the pine timber is still affordable compared to leading species such as teak, mahogany and rosewood. However, finding the right supplier of different pine lumber that can consistently deliver good quality at a reasonable price is not easy.

Now, you can buy top quality pine wood at a wholesale price directly from CameroonTimberExportSarl. We as a leading timber manufacturer & exporter in Cameroon supply 18+ wood species, including pine wood species, to our clients all over the world.

Visit our website to know more about our different types of wood species, quality, availability and price. You can place your order online, via email or call us on +237 683 37 5541 to enquire and place an order.

Pine Wood: Properties, Characteristics & Uses

pine wood properties and uses

pine wood properties and uses
Pine is a softwood commonly imported from Northern, central and eastern Europe. Pine timber is widely used across a variety of woodworking projects, including furniture making, interior finishing, building & construction, panelling, among others. If you are looking to buy top quality pine wood timber, it helps to first know about the basic properties of pine in order to select the best timber for your particular project. We at CameroonTimberExportSarl supply and export the best quality pine timber and wood logs to our customers all over the world. You can send your queries over the phone or via email to us.

Pine Wood: Distribution & Basic Properties

Pine belongs to the Pinaceae botanical family and has over 100 different varieties, most of which can be found north of the Equator. Depending upon location, pine trees can grow to a maximum height of 40 m and different variants may develop different properties.

For instance, the color of summerwood is dark reddish, while that of springwood is light.

As a softwood, pinewood is not very hard and has a medium weight. However, the wood has good strength, durability and elasticity. The summerwood is relatively harder and heavier compared to other variants. The wood can be sometimes prone to a fungal infection that may lead to blue staining because of the natural moisture content of pinewood.

Color & Appearance: Color-wise, the Pine heartwood and sapwood are quite different from each other. While the heartwood is reddish-yellow that darkens with age, the sapwood is yellowish or reddish-white.

Texture: The pinewood may have a striped or wavy grain, depending on how the wood is cut. It has a medium texture and closed grain, which makes it easier to work compared to most hardwoods.

Resistance: As a softwood that is not very strong, pine has no natural resistance to decay and rot, but it is often pressure treated to increase its durability, especially rot and insect resistance for outdoor projects.

Other physical and mechanical properties of Pine timber

  • Pine tree height: 20 – 40 m
  • Average tree life: 300 – 500 years
  • Texture: Monotonous
  • Average humidity: 112% (sapwood) and 33% (core)
  • Shrinkage: 6.7% (at standard humidity of 12%)
  • Average density: 505 kg / cu.
  • Strength tensile:
    • In static bending – 70 – 92 MPa;
    • In compression parallel to grain – 40 – 49 MPa;
    • In tension along the fibers – 100 – 116 MPa;
    • When shearing along the tangential plane – 6,6-8,1 MPa.
    • Modulus of elasticity in static bending – 8.0 – 13.1 GPa.
  • Impact strength – 28 – 51 kJ / sq.
  • Hardness:
    • End – 28 – 33 N / mm;
    • Radial – 21-25 N / mm;
    • End – 16 – 23 N / mm.

    Pine Timber Availability and Price

    Even though Pine is an easily available softwood that costs lower compared to many high-end timber species, both the price and demand of pine have increased significantly in the past few years. The good news is that it’s still not been added to the IUCN red list of threatened timber species, which means it’s easy to buy pine for both personal and commercial uses.

    We at CameroonTimberExportSarl manufacture and supply the best quality pine timber and round logs in Cameroon and export to our customers all over the world. We guarantee the best price for pinewood timber. Contact us today for a quote.

    Primary Uses of Pine Wood

    Pinewood is easy to work with both hand and machine. It can be easily cut, sliced, peeled, nailed, screwed, planed and glued. The surfaces of pine are easy to finish.

    It can be used across a variety of wood projects and as an affordable alternative to many high-end species. Some of the common applications of pine include buildings and construction, pine furniture, flooring, outdoor projects, interior finishing, windows and facade panelling, manufacturing composite wood materials, masts and poles, wood and paper pulp, veneering, etc.

    Pine is available in timber, round logs and veneer form and can be purchased directly from manufacturers here at CameroonTimberExportSarl.

    How to Buy Pine Timber & Wood Logs Online (At the Best Price)

    If you are looking to buy top-quality pinewood timber, logs, veneer and/or slabs, we have got plenty of them and can export it to your location anywhere in the world.

    CameroonTimberExportSarl is a leading supplier of timber and wood logs in Central Africa. We ship more than 18 species of wood to major countries including Canada, Australia, Iraq, Vietnam, UAE, Saudi Arabia, and others.

    We have the best quality pine wood that we can deliver to your location in custom sizes and dimensions as required by you. We guarantee the best price in the market and on-time delivery with 100% quality assurance.

    Contact us via email ( or use the form on our website to send your requirements or ask your queries. You can also call us or Whatsapp your needs, and we will revert promptly. Visit the website to explore more of our services and products.