Birch Vs Pine : Properties, Uses and Pros & Cons

birch vs pine

Birch, which is a hardwood species, is often compared with pine (a softwood) due to their various similarities in terms of appearance and physical properties. If you’re looking to learn about the difference between birch and pine or are confused between these two wood types for your next project, here’s everything you need to know about birch vs pine wood.

Both are extensively used for making plywood, which is further used for making furniture and other items. While pine is softer than birch, it is moderately durable and is considered a good option for flooring. Neither can be used for outdoor purposes, at least not without treatment. Birch is particularly favoured for making strong and beautiful furniture items.

What is Birch?

Birch is a tree of the Betula genus in the Betulaceae family of hardwoods. The genus Betula alone has around 60 species, all different forms of birch. Some of the popular species include yellow, paper, river, downy, gray, sweet, alder-leaf, silver, baltic, and masur birch.

As a hardwood, it is strong and dense but could be more durable. Yellow Birch, which is commonly found in Northeastern North America, has a 1,260 lbf Janka hardness rating. The light reddish brown heartwood has a straight grain and a fine, even texture. It is prone to damage by decay and insect attacks. Generally easy to work with and available at economical prices, The timber is commonly used for furniture, plywood, turned objects, boxes, crates, doors, interior trims, and paneling.

What is Pine?

It is a very popular softwood, often favoured as a less expensive alternative to many hardwoods. Known for its attractive appearance and natural strength and durability, pine wood is extensively used in furniture, flooring and various other interior applications.

Hailing to the genus Pinus of the family Pinaceae, pine has many species, some of which include Lodgepole, longleaf , jack, yellow, red, Eastern white, loblolly, and ponderosa pine.

Eastern White Pine is native to Eastern North America. With a Janka rating of just 380 lbf, it is considered soft and has low weight. The light brown heartwood has a straight grain with an even texture. It is moderately durable in terms of decay resistance and generally easy to work with due to its softness. Due to its low price and easy availability, it is often used in place of expensive hardwoods for general construction, furniture making, etc. The wood is also suitable for carving, boatbuilding and outdoor work.

Birch hardwood Vs. Pine softwood

The major difference between the two is that one is hardwood while the other is softwood. Birch hardwood is stronger, denser and considerably harder than pine, which is moderately strong but very flexible. Pine is more durable than birch and suitable for some exterior applications.


The two popular commercial timber options, feature distinct appearances. Birch has a light, reddish brown color with a subtle and elegant grain pattern, providing a clean and sophisticated appearance to final products.

Pine, on the other hand, boasts a light brownish hue which becomes darker with age and a more pronounced grain, delivering a unique rustic charm that complements various design styles, particularly furniture.

While Birch’s sophisticated look may suit modern interiors well, Pine’s classic charm is more favored in traditional or rustic settings.

Strength & Density

When considering strength and density, Birch tends to outshine. As a hardwood with a high Janka rating, it exhibits greater density and hardness, making it a preferred choice for applications requiring structural integrity, such as construction. Its density contributes to a sturdier end product, which is particularly helpful in furniture and construction.

Pine, while still strong, is softer and less dense than birch timber. This superiority in strength and density allows Birch to be a favoured material for projects requiring longevity and resilience over time.

Durability & Resistance

Durability and resistance are two of the most important aspects in wood selection. Birch typically has lower durability compared to Pine, especially when it comes to resistance to decay. It is also prone to attack by insects.

It’s natural hardness and density make it resistant to wear and tear, making it a dependable choice for long-lasting and heavy-duty applications. It can withstand normal use and requires minimal maintenance.

Pine, which is even more durable, needs less treatment, especially treated pine is quite durable and can also be used in outdoor applications.

The durability and resistance factors are very important when determining the longevity and performance of timber for various structures, furniture, or other woodworking applications. It’s crucial to consider factors like environmental conditions and specific pine or birch species when evaluating them in terms of durability.


Both woods are generally easy to work with. The occasional wavy grain of birch can sometimes make it difficult to cut. Birch has a fine and even texture, which makes it perfect for intricate detailing and precise woodworking. Its smooth surface allows for easy staining, painting and finishing.

Pine has even superior workability because of its softer texture. It’s also easy to handle and transport due to its low weight. It glues and finishes well. Treatment is recommended for outdoor use.

Availability & Price

Availability and cost are other important considerations influencing timber choices for a project. Pine, being widely available, is usually more budget-friendly than Birch. Its cost-effectiveness and wide availability make it a popular choice for a range of projects, especially in construction and general woodworking.

Birch, while being superior to pine in terms of strength and hardness, is less abundant, leading to a higher price point. Though it’s still available in plenty and the price will depend on your location. To get the best price for birch or pine wood, you can connect with Cameroon Timber Export SARL.


Birch, with its strength, sophisticated appearance, and workability, finds its niche in high-end furniture, cabinetry, and other interior applications. Its ability to withstand wear and maintain an elegant aesthetic with little maintenance and care makes Birch a preferred choice for indoor applications.

Pine, due to its affordability, rustic appearance and workability, is commonly employed in construction, interior design, and general woodworking applications. Its versatile nature makes it suitable for a wide variety of projects, especially when cost-effectiveness and practicality are a concern. As a durable and decay-resistant wood, pine is also suitable for exterior applications like decking, though treatment is recommended.

Birch Vs Pine: Where to buy at the best price?

Hope this article helps you decide between birch and pine wood for your next project. If you’ve already decided and are ready to purchase timber, visit Cameroon Timber Export Sarl to explore our extensive range of world-class timber available in custom sizes, dimensions and quantity. Contact us to get the latest price for your selected wood and enquire about availability in your location. We offer worldwide shipping.