Spanish Cedar Properties, Characteristics & Uses

spanish cedar properties and uses

spanish cedar properties and uses

Spanish Cedar is a hardwood known for its Mahogany-like appearance, aromatic scent and robustness. The wood was traditionally used for building boxes for cigars, which is why it is also commonly known as cigar-box cedar. In this article, we will get to know Spanish Cedar more closely and take a look at its various properties and uses of Spanish Cedar.

Most of the Spanish Cedar we see today is sourced from Central and South America and also grown in the Caribbean. The Spanish Cedar trees are normally 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall and have a 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter.

Interesting fact: Spanish Cedar is not actually a type of cedar, but it belongs to the Meliaceae family and is therefore related to true Mahoganies (Swietenia and Khaya genera). In fact, it shares looks and properties with Mahogany.

Properties of Spanish Cedar

Color of the Spanish Cedar heartwood tends to be light pinkish to reddish brown and will generally darken with age. The wood grain is normally straight but might also be lightly interlocked. The texture is medium.

In terms of strength and durability, Spanish Cedar is rated as moderately durable. It is resistant to decay and termite attacks and can withstand extreme weather conditions. Wood procured from older trees is more durable as compared to wood from younger trees. However, it is prone to attack by Powderpost beetles.

Spanish Cedar also known as Cedrela odorata is generally easy to work with. However, the softness of the wood might result in leaving fuzzy surfaces and extra sanding may be needed. The wood has a straight and fine grain, which makes it easy to work with. It glues, machines, nails, and screws well. It also has decent steam bending properties. The presence of gum can lead to difficulty in staining and polishing.

Spanish Cedar is famous for its unique, cedar-like scent, which is why it is called Spanish Cedar and used for making cigar boxes.

Because of its easy and adequate availability, Spanish Cedar is available at a low to moderate price.

We at CameroonTimberExportSarl supply Spanish Cedar to merchants and woodworkers in many countries. All woods are locally produced in our Cameroon mill by experienced artisans. Contact us for the best price for premium quality Spanish Cedar timber.

Technical Specifications:

  • Average Dried Weight: 29 lbs/ft3 (470 kg/m3)
  • Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .38, .47
  • Janka Hardness: 600 lbf (2,670 N)
  • Modulus of Rupture: 10,260 lbf/in2 (70.8 MPa)
  • Elastic Modulus: 1,323,000 lbf/in2 (9.12 GPa)
  • Crushing Strength: 5,860 lbf/in2 (40.4 MPa)
  • Shrinkage: Radial: 4.1%, Tangential: 6.2%, Volumetric: 10.2%, T/R Ratio: 1.5

Interesting fact: In recent years, the increasing exploitation of Spanish Cedar has made it placed on the IUCN list of vulnerable species, though its export and sale are not banned.

Most of the Spanish Cedar or Cedrela odorata available today comes from plantations. This wood is procured from younger, fast-growing trees and has low density, durability and pale color. The wood procured from wild forests, on the other hand, is naturally more durable, stronger and darker.

Uses of Spanish Cedar

Spanish cedar is durable and insect resistant, which makes it suitable for many purposes. It is used for making furniture, hulls of racing boats, doors & windows, cabinets, chests for clothing, and cigar boxes.

Other than that, Spanish Cedar is also used for plywood, veneering, humidors, furniture, flooring, paneling, and musical instruments.

Where to Buy Inexpensive Spanish Cedar From?

Whether you are looking to buy the best quality Spanish Cedar at the right price or just want to know more about this interesting cigar-box timber, feel free to contact us to talk to an expert.

CameroonTimberExportSarl is leading exporter and global wholesaler of hardwood timber. We deal in a large variety of hardwood logs, timber and slabs and can provide ready to use Spanish Cedar timber in different sizes and dimensions. Contact us to place an order.

10 Most Common Types of Hardwood Lumber For Woodworking

types of hardwood lumber

types of hardwood lumber

Hardwood is a type of wood commonly used in construction, furniture making and various other purposes. Hardwoods are products of deciduous trees, which lose their leaves in autumn. Hardwoods are considered hard, dense and durable (not all) and generally more suitable than softwoods for a number of uses. At the same time, hardwoods are also generally more expensive than softwoods.

If you are working on a hardwood project or planning to buy hardwood for a new project, it helps to have a basic idea of the different types of hardwood.

Types of Hardwood

Hardwood is a very broad term. It includes all wood species procured from deciduous trees. There are hundreds of hardwood species around the world, however, not all hardwoods are equally good or popular for commercial uses.

Some examples of hardwoods include Abachi, acacia, African padauk, afzelia, agba, alder, ash, aspen, Australian red cedar, balsa, basswood, birch, blackbean, blackwood, boxwood, Brazilian walnut, brazilwood, buckeye, butternut, cherry, cottonwood, cumaru, dogwood, ebony, elm, eucalyptus, greenheart, gum, hackberry, hickory, ipe, iroko, ironwood, kingwood, limba, locust, mahogany, maple, meranti, marblewood, mopane, oak, Merbau, olive, okume, poplar, pink ivory, redheart, sal, sandalwood, Spanish cedar, teak, tulip, walnut, willow, wenge, and African zebrawood.

Since we cannot cover all types of hardwood in just one post, in this article, we will talk about the top 10 most popular types of hardwood.

1. Black Walnut

black walnut

Black walnut hardwood is native to the Eastern United States. It has a Janka rating of 1,010 lbf and is considered very hard and durable. The wood is resistant to decay but susceptible to insect attacks. Black Walnut heartwood is light brown or dark brown with darker streaks. Sapwood is pale yellow or white. The grain is straight, which makes it easy to work with. The wood is extensively used in furniture, cabinetry, veneering, panelling, and turned items.

2. Hickory

hickory

Hickory is a popular hardwood that is mainly used for flooring because of its extreme durability. Hickory is strong hardwood, looks beautiful and requires very little maintenance, which is why it is preferred for flooring. The wood is also somewhat resistant to moisture.

3. Oak

red oak

Oak comes in many varieties, almost all of which are strong hardwood. As one of the most inexpensive hardwoods, oak is widely used in many commercial applications. Popular types include red oak, white oak, black oak, and willow oak. It can be non-durable to moderately durable depending on the species.

4. Teak

teak wood

Teak is another popular and globally used hardwood. It is stronger, harder, more durable and also more expensive than oak. The heartwood of teak is golden medium brown and looks absolutely amazing. The wood is very durable and resistant to decay and termites. It is usable for everything from furniture to construction, flooring, veneering, boat building, carving, etc.

5. African Zebrawood

Zebrawood Sawn Timber

Zebrawood or Zebrano is a hardwood native to West Africa. The heartwood is light brown or cream and has brown or black streaks similar to that of a zebra. The wood is considered strong and durable and is primarily used for veneering. Other uses include furniture, boats, skis, and tool handles.

6. Wenge

wenge dark wood

Wenge is another Africa-based hardwood exported by CameroonTimberExportSarl. It is mainly produced in Central Africa. With a 1,930 lbf Janka rating, Wenge is considered a very strong and durable wood. The heartwood is a medium brown with an occasional reddish hue and black streaks. It is used in veneering, furniture, panelling, musical instruments, and turned objects.

7. Poplar

poplar timber for sale

Poplar wood comes in more than one variety – white poplar, black poplar, yellow poplar, etc. Black poplar grows in many parts of Africa and is also planted in North America. It has a light brown heartwood with straight or interlocked grain. The wood is non-durable and commonly used for boxes and crates, plywood, and utility lumber.

8. Rosewood

Rosewood Sawn Timber

Brazilian rosewood, the most famous species of rosewood, is sourced from Brazil. The wood is dark brown with even darker streaks. It is rated as extremely durable, hard and resistant to decay and insect attacks. The uniform texture and straight grain make it easy to work with. Popular applications of rosewood include veneering, cabinetry, fine furniture, turned objects, and musical instruments.

9. Meranti

meranti slabs

Popular species of Meranti hardwood are Dark red meranti, white meranti, light red meranti, and yellow meranti. Dark red meranti, also known as Philippine Mahogany, is dark reddish or brown and has a straight or interlocked grain. It is moderate to non-durable. The wood is mainly used for plywood, furniture (interior), veneering, boat buildings and general construction.

10. Sapele

sapele hardwood

Sapele is a popular tropical African hardwood. It is golden to dark red-brown with a ribbon pattern among other figured grain patterns. The wood grain is interlocked. It is rated as moderately durable to very durable and is resistant to insect, borer and decay. Sapele is used in many applications such as furniture, veneering, plywood, flooring, boatbuilding, and cabinetry, among others.

Buy Top Quality Hardwood from Cameroontimberexportsarl

If you want to buy premium quality hardwood at the best price online or need help selecting the right hardwood for your project, feel free to connect with us on call or email at info@cameroontimberexport.com.

Eucalyptus Wood Properties, Characteristics & Uses

eucalyptus wood properties

eucalyptus wood properties

Eucalyptus is a hardwood that is considered one of the sustainable woods that are both useful and environmentally friendly. Because Eucalyptus wood comes from a species of fast-growing trees, it is easily available at a cheaper price than other hardwood options. Not only the wood looks absolutely attractive but also shares many qualities with similar hardwoods. It’s easy to work with and is suitable for a large variety of purposes.

In this article, we take a deep look into the various properties, characteristics and uses of Eucalyptus and try to understand what makes it a suitable choice for your next project.

Eucalyptus Wood Properties

The two most commonly used species of Eucalyptus are Red Eucalyptus and Pink Eucalyptus.

Both Eucalyptus species are commonly found in Australia and are also grown on plantations in Brazil. Red Eucalyptus has a dark red color and different figures like bees wing, curly grain and burl. Pink Eucalyptus is light pink and looks similar to pink ivory and has the same figures as Red Eucalyptus.

In terms of strength and durability. Eucalyptus is considered very strong and has a high density. It is rated as moderately durable. However, the wood can break easily, as it is brittle and not resistant to shock. Drying can result in cellular distortion.

Eucalyptus is mostly easy to work with. Despite being dense and very strong, the wood cuts well. Also, it turns, glues, finishes, and stains well. Kiln drying is recommended for the best results. Kiln-dried Eucalyptus is suitable for a variety of projects, including premium furniture making.

Technical Properties of Eucalyptus Urograndis

  • Average Dried Weight: 53 lbs/ft3 (850 kg/m3)
  • Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .60, .85
  • Janka Hardness: 1,420 lbf (6,330 N)
  • Modulus of Rupture: 17,110 lbf/in2 (118.0 MPa)
  • Elastic Modulus: 2,049,000 lbf/in2 (14.13 GPa)
  • Crushing Strength: 8,640 lbf/in2 (59.6 MPa)
  • Shrinkage: Radial: 8.2%, Tangential: 12.8%, Volumetric: 21.0%, T/R Ratio: 1.6

Eucalyptus has a medium texture and small to medium pores. The grain is usually straight and even. Though the wood is hard, durability is only moderate. Eucalyptus is resistant to decay but can be susceptible to insect attack. Being brittle, the wood can burn easily.

Eucalyptus Lumber Uses

Eucalyptus is prized for its beautiful look, sustainability and decent durability. It is used in a variety of wood projects, from flooring to construction and furniture making.

Some of the popular uses of Eucalyptus wood include fencing, shade structures, paneling, millwork, support beams, lumber, cabinetry, plywood, and turned objects. Eucalyptus poles are quite popular for use in fencing. The wood is hard, durable and easy to install and because it is easily available in large, prefabricated slabs and panels, any type of fencing or other projects can be made from it.

Other than that, Eucalyptus is also widely used to build shade structures for buildings, especially in commercial establishments. Eucalyptus poles are used for support and rafters for the construction of shades and the wood is used to build a trellis for a stylish shady roof appearance for outdoor areas.

Eucalyptus wood properties also makes it usable for paneling purposes. The wood stains well and can withstand weight and tension, which makes it an ideal choice for paneling in high-traffic areas.

How to Buy High-Quality, Sustainable Eucalyptus Wood at the Best Price Online

If you are looking for the best place to buy Eucalyptus wood at the lowest price online, welcome to CameroonTimberExportSarl. We export and supply best quality Eucalyptus wood to customers all over the world.

We have Eucalyptus timber available in large live edge slabs that you can use to build large pieces of furniture and other items for consistent color and figuring throughout the item.

Contact us today to know more about or to place your order for Eucalyptus wood.

Garapa Wood: Properties, Uses & How to Buy Online

garapa wood properties and uses

garapa wood properties and uses

Are you looking to buy the best quality wood for decking or fences? Then, you might want to know that Garapa is one of the most preferred hardwoods for decking. This is because the Garapa wood looks very attractive and is extremely durable. Here’s everything you need to know about Garapa wood properties, including the best way to buy this wood at the right price.

Garapa Wood Introduction

Garapa trees are 65-100 ft tall and have 3-5 ft trunk diameter on average. These trees are commonly found in Brazil and other South American countries. The sapwood or outermost is yellowish, while the heartwood is deep golden to yellowish-brown and slightly darker from the sapwood, but not always clearly distinguishable. The wood color tends to darken (grayish) with age.

With a Janka rating of 1650 lbf, Garapa wood is considered fairly hard and dense and is also rated as durable. However, it can be attacked by insects, including termites. The grain is usually straight with a uniform texture. Garapa is prone to insect attacks and termites but is resistant to decay, pests and fungi and can be used even in extreme weather conditions.

In terms of workability, Garapa is considered easy to work. It finishes and glues well.

Garapa Wood Properties

  • Average Dried Weight: 51 lbs/ft3 (820 kg/m3)
  • Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): 0.65, 0.82
  • Janka Hardness: 1,650 lbf (7,350 N)
  • Modulus of Rupture: 18,530 lbf/in2 (127.8 MPa)
  • Elastic Modulus: 2,257,000 lbf/in2 (15.57 GPa)
  • Crushing Strength: 9,030 lbf/in2 (62.3 MPa)
  • Shrinkage: Radial: 4.2%, Tangential: 7.5%,
  • Volumetric: 11.4%, T/R Ratio: 1.8

The average lifespan of Garapa wood is 30+ years, which makes it fairly suitable for a range of applications, including decking and flooring.

Garapa when untreated will turn a grayish light silver color with age. Many people love the natural color of this wood, so they use treated Garapa. You can use it either way for superior looks.

Garapa Wood Uses, Availability & Price

Because Garapa wood is quite dense and durable, it is primarily used for exterior applications. However, it is prone to termite attacks, so proper finishing or treatment should be done when using it outside.

Common uses of Garapa hardwood include boatbuilding, flooring, decking, fences, furniture, and docks. The wood logs are commonly used for construction and by woodworkers.

How To Buy Garapa Hardwood?

Garapa wood is easily available in most locations and is moderately priced.

If not available in your area, you can import Garapa from a global timber supplier like CameroonTimberExportSarl. We are based in Cameroon and supply wood to all major countries around the globe.
How to Buy Garapa Wood at the best price online

Ready to order wood? Call our 24×7 helpline or use the contact form on our website to send your requirements. Make sure to mention the dimensions, size and amount of Garapa Wood that you need. We deliver to all locations in major countries and cities in Asia, Africa, Europe, America and other regions. All our wood is sustainably harvested and processed and delivered through our in-house shopping system to ensure quality and sustainability. Contact us to know more.

Light-colored Wood: Properties, Characteristics, Types & Uses

light colored woods types, charecterstics

light colored woods types, charecterstics

A light-colored wood is wood with a pale color, ranging from pale white to yellow, orange, pinkish, greenish or light brown. If you are looking to know more about light colored wood or planning to buy one, you’re at the right place.

CameroonTimberExportSarl is the #1 wood supplier and exporter in Central Africa. We export woods in all colors, including light colored woods and deliver to all major locations around the globe. No matter where you are in the world, feel free to contact us for the best quality wood timber at the right price.

Before we start talking about light-colored woods, you should know that not all woods that have white in their names are essentially white-colored. In fact, there is no wood that is 100% white in color.

Light-colored Wood Properties & Characteristics

Most of the light-colored woods are softwoods.Generally hardwoods are considered to be dark wood. However, there are exceptions such as white oak, maple, red oak and hickory that despite being hardwoods are light-colored.

Because most of the light-colored woods are softwoods, they share many similar characteristics. For example, all softwoods are produced from conifers. Light-colored softwoods are generally less strong and durable and have lower densities. They are easy to work with and are generally cheaper to buy. We’ll discuss more properties of light-colored wood by species here.

Different Types of Light-colored Wood Species

Most softwoods are light-colored, and the color will darken with age in some cases. The following wood species generally have light color:

1) Eastern White Pine

eastern white pine wood

This is a popular softwood species and grows primarily in Eastern North America. The tree size is in the range of 65-100 ft and has a 2-4 trunk diameter. The heartwood is light brown and the sapwood is a pale yellow to almost white. The color of the White Pine darkens with age. It has a straight grain with a medium texture, which makes it fairly easy to work with. In terms of durability and rot resistance, the wood is rated as low to moderate.

Common uses of Eastern white pine include construction, boxes, carving, interior millwork, and boatbuilding.

2) Western White Pine

western pine wood

Western White Pine has properties similar to Eastern White Pine. It grows in Western North America and has a low Janka rating. Heartwood is light brown and darkens with age, while the sapwood is pale yellow. It has a straight grain with a medium texture. The wood is low durable and generally easy to work with.

Uses include veneering, plywood, boxes, carving, construction, crates, wooden matches, and interior millwork.

3) White Oak

white oak

White Oak is a hardwood native to the Eastern United States. The tree has a max height of about 85 ft and a trunk diameter of 3-4 ft. The heartwood is light or medium brown, while the sapwood is slightly paler. It has a straight grain with a coarse texture. Unlike other light-colored woods, white oak is very hard, dense and durable. It has good resistance to moisture and rot. Common uses of white oak include furniture, boatbuilding, cabinetry, flooring, interior trim, veneering, and barrels.

4) Red Oak

red oak

Same as white oak, red oak is also hardwood. It’s mainly grown in the Northeastern United States and Canada. Trees are about 80-115 ft tall and have a 3-6 ft trunk diameter. Most properties are similar to white oak. Heartwood is light or medium brown and sapwood is paler in colour. It has a straight grain with a coarse texture. However, red oak is not as durable and has poor insect and moisture resistance. It is easy to work with though. Commonly used for furniture making, cabinetry, flooring, veneering, and interior trim.

5) European White Beech

European White Beech

Found in Europe, white beech is generally pale cream in color and may acquire a golden tone when prepared with steam for veneering. It has a straight grain with a fine to medium texture. The wood is practically non-durable and susceptible to rot, insects and moisture. Workability is good. Possible uses include veneering, lumber, flooring, furniture, boatbuilding, cabinetry, plywood, musical instruments, and turned objects.

6) American Hard Maple

American Hard Maple

Commonly known as hard maple, this wood grows in Northeastern North America. The trees are about 80-115 ft tall with a 2-3 ft trunk diameter. Hard maple is primarily used for its sapwood, which is white to off-white in color. The heartwood color is darker reddish-brown. The wood grain is straight and has a fine texture. It is easy to work with, but is rated as non-durable and non-resistant. Uses include flooring, veneering, musical instruments, paper pulp, cutting boards, workbenches, baseball bats, and turned objects.

7) American Holly Wood

American Holly Wood

The American Holly is native to the Eastern and South-central US. It is very pale, almost white. The grain is irregular and the texture is fine. Holly is practically non-durable and prone to insect attack. Because of interlocked grain, it is generally difficult to work with. Uses include furniture, piano keys, inlays, brush handles, whip handles, and turned objects.

8) American White Ash

American White Ash

White Ash wood is produced in Eastern North America. It is light to medium brown and has a medium to coarse texture. The grain is straight. It is rated as slightly durable to perishable in terms of insect resistance. Uses include flooring, millwork, baseball bats, boxes, crates, tool handles, etc.
Uses of Light-colored Wood

Light-colored woods are preferred for construction and furniture projects where a clean and bright appearance is needed. For example, interior design in homes and offices is often made with pale color woods, which not only allow more sunlight in the place but also make it look bigger.

Contact CameroonTimberExportSarl to enquire about or purchase the best quality, sustainable light-colored woods at the lowest price in the market.

The Ultimate Guide To Advantages And Disadvantages Of Wood Siding

advantages and disadvantages of wood siding

advantages and disadvantages of wood siding

Wood siding refers to the use of wood, natural or artificial, as a siding on the exterior side of walls of a building. There are different types of materials used for house siding, with vinyl siding, wood siding, etc. being the most popular options. In this article, you can read in detail about the best wood siding, including the various advantages and disadvantages Of wood siding.

What is Wood Siding?

Wood is one of the popular options for siding on building walls, which refers to the application of a good quality protective material on the exterior walls of a house or building.

For centuries, wood has been used as a crucial part of buildings. In fact, people used to build complete houses of wood. This is because wood is a beautiful, strong and reliable construction material. However, today, because of the rising cost of natural wood and other durability concerns, most houses are being built using concrete, bricks, steel, and cement, with wood only used for exteriors, frames, flooring, and other specific purposes. Siding is one of the primary uses of wood in construction.

Wood siding can be of two types – natural wood siding and manufactured wood siding.

Natural wood siding involves the use of natural, solid wood for constructing sidings for a building. Natural wood is better looking and may offer more durability (depending on species) when compared to other options such as manufactured wood siding, where the siding is made using manufactured wood such as plywood or MDF.

Let’s talk about the various advantages and disadvantages of wood siding.

Advantages of Wood Siding

Using wood for siding in your house or office has many advantages. Not only does it look very attractive but also wood siding is easier to maintain and is environmentally conscious. Here are some other benefits of wood siding.

Looks Beautiful

If you are after the most beautiful and attractive choice for exterior siding, wood has to be it. Natural wood, in both pale and darker shades, looks totally enchanting. Wood comes in a large variety of colours, shades and hues, and many of them feature beautiful streaks in different shapes that will make siding look even more attractive.

Easy to Maintain

Wood is easy to paint, so you can get your wood siding in any colour you want. Painting it will also help protect the wood and increase its life. In addition, wood siding is easy to maintain and repair. For instance, if one or more blocks in the siding get damaged, it can be easily damaged or repaired.

Environmentally-Friendly

One of the biggest benefits of using wood for siding is that it is totally friendly to the environment. As a natural material, wood is eco-friendly and doesn’t cause any harm to the environment or its surroundings.

Very Durable

Some wood species, especially hardwoods, can be very durable, which makes them an excellent choice for outdoor wood siding. Make sure to do your research and find good, durable wood for siding.

Using wood for siding may also have some disadvantages too. Let’s explore them.

Disadvantages of Wood Siding

Need Regular Maintenance

Wood sidings need regular maintenance in order to keep them safe from rot, insects and moisture. Though maintenance is easy, it may cost a lot depending on the type of damage.

Susceptible to Insect Attacks

Depending on wood species, wood sidings can be susceptible to insect attacks and rot. When used outside, special care must be taken and proper treatments applied to avoid such problems. When selecting wood for siding, check whether it is resistant to insects or has been treated.

High Cost

High-quality hardwoods with good durability and rot resistance can be quite expensive.

Fire can be a Problem

Not many woods are naturally resistant to fire. If you live in a place where fire incidents are common, you’d rather want to go with another, fireproof material for house siding.
Best wood species for wood siding

When it comes to wood siding, many options are available in different colors, varieties and appearances.

Top 4 Choices for Wood Siding

1. Pine Wood Siding

Pine is a softwood that is easily available at low to moderate prices in all parts of the world. Treated pine is a great choice for wood siding.

2. Fir Wood

Fir is also a softwood and also easily available and inexpensively priced like pine. It is easy to work with and is commonly available in long lengths.

3. Cedar Wood Siding

Cedar is another wood preferred for wood siding. It is somewhat durable and has good resistance to rot. Cedar wood can be low to moderately priced and is widely available.

4. Redwood

Redwoods are very durable and are durable to moisture, insects and rot. They are perfect for outdoor siding and need less maintenance than softwood options.

These above listed advantages and disadvantages of wood siding wood help you select the right wood? Contact Cameroontimberexportsarl for all your timber needs. We are a leading exporter of wholesale timber in 30+ countries across Asia, Europe, the Middle East, Latin America, Australia, Canada, etc. Best quality wood for siding at the lowest price in the market.

Rot-Resistant Wood: 7 Best Lumber That Do Not Rot

rot resistant wood

rot resistant wood

When selecting wood for an exterior project, it is very important to check whether the wood is rot-resistant. Being rot-resistant essentially means that the wood will not rot when in contact with some fungi and insects.

Why Choose Rot-Resistant Wood

While wood is a wonderful product to add natural character, appeal and warmth to your exterior, your outdoor furniture and flooring must be made from wood that is durable and rot-resistant. Here’s why.

Wood items that are intended to be used outdoors will be constantly exposed to various kinds of climate and weather conditions, from rain to sunlight, frosty winters and even snowfall. On top of that, all kinds of insects will be ready to eat up the wood if it is not durable enough. Being durable, your timber can efficiently withstand climate conditions and will not easily rot when in constant touch with moisture, insects and similar damaging entities.

Types of Wood That Do Not Rot

There are two major types of woods that are resistant to rot. One is natural wood with high durability and rot resistance. Second is treated wood that is not naturally unaffected but is treated with certain chemicals to make it more durable and unaffected by rot.

In this article, we will talk about the top wood species that are resistant to rot. Before we start, you should know that no wood is 100% decay-resistant. Based on rot resistance, woods can be categorised as superior resistant, moderately resistant, and low resistant.

Choosing the Best Rot-Resistant Timber Wood

Not all woods are naturally resistant to rot. Most softwood species are non-resilient. These include pine, maple, birch, aspen, beech, alder, hemlock, poplar, etc. This makes them not very suitable for exterior projects.

What makes some woods more resistant than others

The reason why some woods are more resistant to rot and more durable than others has to do with the composition of the tree. Sapwood is poorly resilient and has zero durability. A tree that has more sapwood than heartwood will likely be less resistant to rot. Another thing that affects the durability of wood is the amount of extractives, which include the waxes, resin acids, fatty acids, etc. that the wood naturally has. Slow-growing and older-growth trees have a higher concentration of extractives, which makes their woods more resistant and durable.

If you are finding it difficult to choose the best rot-resistant wood for your project, just ask your woodworkers and they would most likely help you. Alternatively, you can call CameroonTimberExportSarl to consult your project and let us help you find the right wood.

Top Most Wood Species That Do Not Rot

1. Mahogany

mahogany

Mahogany is one of the hardest and most dense woods in the world, which makes it extremely resistant to moisture and rot. Mahogany is exceptionally strong and durable and therefore suitable for exterior wood applications.
Other properties of Mahogany include a fine grain, gray to brown color, easy to use, beautiful natural appearance, and high durability. Mahogany wood is used in everything from furniture to boatbuilding, flooring, musical instruments and luxury items.

2. Spanish Cedar

spanish cedar

As a wonderfully dense wood, Spanish Cedar is extremely resistant to decay and is very durable. It can be used exclusively in outdoor applications and will survive even the toughest weather conditions. Because it costs less than mahogany, cedar is a popular and equally durable alternative. It comes in a reddish-brown color that darkens with age. It is easy to work with and is used extensively for window trim, exterior, closets, chest and other applications.

3. Teak

teak wood

Teak is a strong and hard hardwood that is available at a very expensive price in many parts of the world. It has outstanding durability, termite resistance and decay resistance properties. Teak wood both looks phenomenal and has great resistance to rot, which make it one of the most popular and expensive timbers in the world. The wood is ideal for furniture, carving, exterior applications, construction, flooring, and more.

4. Redwood

redwood wood

Redwood can be moderate to very durable, depending on its origin. It is naturally insuspectible to decay and moisture. Though expensive, redwood is one of the best choices for exterior construction. It has a light pinkish-brown heartwood and pale yellow sapwood. Redwood is typically easy to work with. Common uses include construction, exterior furniture, decking, veneering, musical instruments, among others.

5. Red Cedar

red cedar

Same as its Spanish variant, Red Cedar which is commonly found in Canada and the U.S. is extremely durable. It is naturally resistant to decay and insect attack. Almost all variants of Cedar share similar characteristics of high strength and durability. It can be reddish to dark brown, sometimes with darker streaks, and is easy to work with. Common uses include exterior work, lumber, boxes, crates, and boatbuilding.

6. White Oak

white

White Oak is very hard and dense and is rated as extremely durable. It is resistant to rot, insects and moisture. Colour ranges from light to medium brown, with sawn timber having ray fleck patterns. It is easy to work with and is used primarily for doors, windows, furniture and flooring.

7. Black Walnut

black walnut

Black walnut wood is very durable and hard. It has extraordinary rot resistance, which makes it suitable for a variety of exterior applications. However, long exposure to insects can damage the wood, so it must be ideally used after treatment. Possible uses include furniture, veneering, panelling, cabinetry, turned objects, and other specialty items.

Need help selecting the most durable wood for your exterior project or looking for the best place to buy premium quality hardwood at the lowest price in the market? Contact CameroonTimberExportSarl for instant quotes for all your timber needs.

Dark Wood: Types, Properties & Advantages

Dark Wood

Dark Wood

Any wood that has a dark natural colour will be referred to as dark wood. These woods are generally more popular and expensive because they have a high demand and look attractive for interior applications.

Here’s everything you need to know about dark wood species, including the types, properties and advantages.

In most cases, dark woods are hardwoods, which is also why they are strong, stable and durable and suitable for all kinds of timber applications, especially interior projects.

Types of Dark Wood (Popular Wood Species Examples)

These woods are quite common in all parts of the world. Different dark wood species are used in different countries. Here are some of the most popular types of dark wood.

Ebony

ebony dark wood
Ebony is one of the darkest woods available in nature. It is practically black in colour. As a hardwood, ebony wood is extremely strong, durable and resistant to termites and insects. It is exceptionally stable and therefore suitable for a range of applications, including furniture making. Because ebony has a high demand, it is generally expensive and not easily available.

Due to its extremely high density, ebony is not always easy to work with, especially with hand tools. It is widely used for making high-quality furniture and interior objects such as cabinets, musical instruments, etc.

Mahogany

mahogany
Mahogany is one of the most popular dark woods. It is available in many subspecies, most of which are concentrated in Central and South America. Mahogany wood colour is dark reddish-brown. The wood has high durability, strength and density, which makes it suitable for a range of high-quality applications such as premium furniture and musical instruments.

Mahogany is easily available and moderately priced. Uses include furniture, cabinetry, veneers, turned objects, boats, musical instruments, and carving.

Walnut

walnut dark wood
Walnut is another popular naturally strong and dense dark wood. The wood grows in many parts of the world, including the Americas, Asia, Southern Europe, and the West Indies. The walnut timber is dark chocolate brown and the sapwood is light brown. It has good density and is easy to work with. Common uses include furniture, veneering, cabinetry, gunstocks, wooden speciality objects, turned items, and interior panelling.

Wenge

wenge dark wood
Wenge is a dark-coloured wood commonly sourced from Central Africa. It has a medium brown heartwood with black streaks, which can be turned to nearly black by the application of certain oil finishes. Wenge wood is extremely strong, durable and dense, which makes it slightly difficult to work with. It has good termite resistance. Common uses of wenge include furniture, veneering, panelling, musical instruments, and turned objects.

Teak

teak wood
Teak is another hardwood that is deep dark in colour and is strong and durable. The wood is exclusively found in Southern Asia forests. It is resistant to termites and rot. The heartwood is medium brown, and the sapwood is creamy white. Common uses include furniture, veneering, carving, turnings, boat buildings, and exterior construction.

Dark Wood Properties, Pros & Cons

Like most hardwoods, most dark woods also share similar characteristics. For instance, most dark woods are strong, dense and durable. Of course, they all share a similar, dark colour, which might range from intense dark (black – ebony) to medium or dark brown or reddish-brown. The point is that they all are dark.

These dark hardwoods are also better-looking, with or without finish, as compared to the lighter species. Because they are dense, they can be difficult to work with.

Pros of Dark Wood

  • Dark wood species are strong and extremely durable.
  • They have outstanding resistance to rot, insects and termite.
  • The wood looks exceptionally beautiful and maintains its natural looks for a long time.
  • Because it is durable and strong, it will easily last for decades.
  • Furniture and items made from dark wood look premium and stunningly beautiful.

Cons of Dark Wood

  • The wood is generally rare and expensive, depending on where you live.
  • Not all the wood species are easy to stain, though they all look great naturally.
  • Scratches are more visible in the dark hardwood.

If you are looking to buy the perfect types of dark wood for your project, we have many options available here at CameroomTimberExportSarl. Contact us to enquire about the availability and the best price for premium quality wood species, mahogany, wenge, walnut, ebony, teak, and more.

What Is the Hardest/Strongest Wood in the World?

hardest wood in the world

hardest wood in world

Strength is one of the primary factors to consider when selecting the right wood for a project. Based on hardness, all woods are loosely divided into two categories – hardwoods and softwoods. However, not all hardwoods are necessarily hard and not all softwoods are soft. Balsa wood, for instance, is a hardwood but is actually very soft and light.

So, when you are looking for a wood that is actually strong and hard, look beyond just hardwoods and softwoods.

The Janka Hardness Test is the most common method for determining the hardness of wood. It involves forcing a small steel ball into the wood using external pressure/force. The force required (in lbf or N) to inject exactly half of the ball into the wood is that wood’s hardness. Based on the Janka test, Australian Buloke with a 5,060 IBF Janka rating is the hardest wood in the world.

As for the wood strength, that is determined by more than one factor, including the wood’s density, durability, hardness, compressive strength, bending strength, etc.

The strength of wood primarily depends on its density. The more fibers a wood has in a given area, the stronger is the wood. Wood doesn’t always have the same strength across its body and is generally the strongest in the direction of the grain.

Why is Wood Hardness Measurement Important?

For most projects, the hardness of wood is a primary factor for selection. While some projects require woods that are strong and very hard, others can do with soft or less strong woods. Stronger woods are generally more expensive than softer woods because of their higher demand. So, if a woodworker can manage with less strong wood, he/she will have to pay less. However, some projects like outdoor furniture must be made from strong and durable wood.

The wood hardness rating helps determine the durability of wood samples along with their resistance to specific conditions such as moisture, insect attacks, wear, and denting, which is an important criteria for wood selection.

The Hardest Wood in the world

Let’s get to the point now. So, which is the hardest wood in the world? Well, according to Wikipedia and many other sources, Australian buloke with a Janka rating of 5,060 lbf is the hardest wood in the world. However, Eric Meier of The Wood Database believes differently. According to him, the actual Janka rating of Australian buloke is 3,760 lbf (16,740 N), which makes it one of the hardest woods in the world, but not the hardest.

So, which is the hardest wood in the world? Well, according to the Wood Database, QUEBRACHO (Schinopsis spp.) has a Janka rating of 4,570 LBF (20,340 N), which makes it officially the hardest wood in the world. However, the doubt remains. Because many other wood experts still believe Australian buloke to be the wood with the highest Janka rating.

Ok, which wood is the next best?

Here’s the list of the top hardest or strongest woods in the world by Janka Rating:

1. Australian Buloke (5,060 lbf)

Grows primarily in Australia (Eastern and Southern parts of the country). It is unofficially known as the hardest wood in the world because of its high Janka rating.

2. Schinopsis Brasiliensis (4,800 lbf)

The wood is obtained from a flowering tree that primarily grows in Brazil. The wood is extremely tough with a Janka rating of 4,800 lbf. It is sometimes considered the hardest timber in the world and is used exclusively in construction because of its outstanding strength and hardness.

3. Schinopsis Balansae (4,570 lbf)

Schinopsis balansae is a hardwood that is obtained from a tree that can sometimes reach up to 24 meter in height. These trees cover most forest parts in Argentina and Paraguay. Considered as one of the hardest woods on the planet, this wood has a Janka rating of 4,570 lbf.

4. Lignum Vitae (4,500 lbf)

Lignum vitae is famously called a trade wood because of its high trade demand. It is obtained from the Guaiacum genus trees which grow exclusively in the Caribbean and some parts of South America. The wood has a Janka hardness rating of 4,500 lbf and is strong, tough and very dense. It is also very durable and is naturally resistant to moisture.

5. Piptadenia Macrocarpa (3,840 lbf)

With a Janka hardness rating of 3,840 lbf, Piptadenia Macrocarpa is one of the toughest woods in the world. It grows mainly in Argentina, Peru and Bolivia and is primarily used for construction purposes.

6. Snakewood (3,800 IBF)

Called so because of its unique snake-like appearance, Snakewood has a recorded Janka rating of 3,800 lbf. It is native to South America and used in a range of projects that require high strength and density. It is also commonly sold and used as an exotic wood species.

7. Brazilian Olivewood (3,700 IBF)

Brazilian Olivewood is a wood that is both hard and exotic. This makes it a common choice for a variety of wood projects, ranging from construction to furniture making and more. Native to Brazil, the wood is very strong, tough and equally beautiful.

8. Brazilian Ebony (3,692 IBF)

This type of Ebony grows mainly in Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina and is known for its outstanding hardness and durability. In addition, the wood is also shock-resistant, which makes it suitable for everything from construction to decking, and more.

9. Brazilian Walnut (3,684 IBF)

Brazilian walnut is obtained from Central and South America and has a Janka rating of 3,684 lbf. The wood is strong with a straight to interlocked grain. It is used for a number of outdoor and indoor woodworking projects worldwide.

10. African Pearwood (3,680 IBF)

Native to Africa, the African Pearwood is obtained from trees that grow primarily in Angola, Cameroon, Gabon, Nigeria and the Republic of Congo. It has a Janka rating of 3,680 lbf and is considered one of the strongest woods in Africa.

Looking to buy the best hardwood at a reasonable price or need help selecting the right wood for your project? Contact us at CameroonTimberExportSarl for free timber consultation along with the best price for premium grade, sustainably-sourced hardest woods in the world.

Meranti Wood: Properties, Characteristics & Uses

properties of meranti wood

properties of meranti wood

Meranti is a durable hardwood with soft to medium density and light or dark golden reddish color, which depends on the origin of the wood. It is primarily used in internal applications and projects such as home/office interior, flooring, furniture, window, moulding, etc. In terms of workability, Meranti cuts, nails, glues, screws and sands easily. The wood is easily available and moderately priced. Here’s everything you need to know about Meranti timber, its properties, uses and availability.

CameroonTimberExportSarl is a leading exporter & seller of Meranti hardwood timber, logs and slabs. We supply to all locations around the world, including Europe, Africa, Australia, Western Asia, and America. For the best quality Meranti wood at cheap prices, contact us today.

Meranti Timber Introduction

Meranti has many types based on the species it is produced from. Some of these include Shorea pauciflora, S. acuminata, S. platycarpa, and S. platyclados. The wood is commonly known as dark red meranti or light red meranti based on its color. It is also sometimes called Philippine Mahogany because of its mahogany-like features and appearance.

Meranti is produced all over the world, but it is native to Indonesia and primarily grows in Kalimantan, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and the Philippines. In other countries where the wood is not locally produced, it is imported from other regions.

The Meranti trees are generally 65-130 ft tall and have a 3-6 ft trunk diameter. They are averagely strong and have moderate durability. Let us now look at some of the most important meranti wood properties in detail.

Technical specifications

meranti wood properties

Crushing Strength: 7,070 lbf/in2 (48.8 MPa)
Modulus of Rupture: 12,710 lbf/in2 (87.7 MPa)
Average Dried Weight: 42 lbs/ft3 (675 kg/m3)
Janka Hardness: 800 lbf (3,570 N)
Elastic Modulus: 1,743,000 lbf/in2 (12.02 GPa)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .55, .68
Shrinkage: Radial: 3.9%, Tangential: 7.8%, Volumetric: 12.5%, T/R Ratio: 2.0

Meranti Wood Properties, Pros & Cons

Color: Depending on the type, Meranti can be light red or dark red (heartwood) and has a lighter sapwood, but the dark reddish wood with white resin streaks is the most common.

Grain: Meranti wood grain is normally straight but can also be interlocked and has a coarse texture with a low natural lustre.

Endgrain: It is rather easy to identify Meranti wood because of its porous end-grain, having large or very large pores in no fixed arrangement.

Resistance & Durability: Meranti is generally soft or medium hard and rated as moderately durable. It has decent resistance to decay but is prone to insect attack, bugs and marine borders. The wood has average hardness and is relatively stable.

Workability: The best thing about Meranti is that it is easy to work with both hands and machines. The wood glues, stains, paints and finishes well. It is also easy to nail and has good sticking properties. However, the presence of interlocked grain can sometimes lead to troubles during planing. Some species having a little silica content can cause a blunting effect on woodworking tools. Also, Meranti is known to be poorly responsive to steam-bending.

Drying: Meranti is reported to dry easily and rapidly. In just about 2 to 3 months, the moisture content in wood can reduce from 60 per cent to 18 per cent when kept in the open air under covers. It undergoes little degradation when naturally drying.

Meranti Wood Types

Meranti can have different species based on origin and properties. The most common ones include Dark Red Meranti, White Meranti, Yellow Meranti and Light Red Meranti.

As the name suggests, the main difference is in color. Light Red Meranti has a pale straw color, while dark red Meranti is dark reddish or brown. While Meranti has a yellowish-orange heartwood, and Yellow Meranti is yellowish-brown. Other properties are nearly the same.

Meranti Wood Uses

Meranti has poor or moderate durability and rot resistance, which is why it is generally preferred for interior work. Due to the above listed meranti wood properties it is Commonly used as plywood, flooring, interior furniture, veneering, construction, windows, doors, joinery, and boatbuilding.

Meranti Wood Price & Availability

Meranti is widely harvested and grows in many locations around the world. It is therefore easily available. Even the imported wood has a moderate price because of its easy and ample availability. However, some species of this wood are added to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and may not be as easily available. Contact your local wood supplier or Cameroon Timber Export Sarl for details.

Your search for a reliable Meranti wood supplier/exporter ends here. We can provide top-quality wood products at the best price in the market with outstanding after-sales support. Contact us today to know more.