What Is the Hardest/Strongest Wood in the World?

hardest wood in the world

hardest wood in world

Strength is one of the primary factors to consider when selecting the right wood for a project. Based on hardness, all woods are loosely divided into two categories – hardwoods and softwoods. However, not all hardwoods are necessarily hard and not all softwoods are soft. Balsa wood, for instance, is a hardwood but is actually very soft and light.

So, when you are looking for a wood that is actually strong and hard, look beyond just hardwoods and softwoods.

The Janka Hardness Test is the most common method for determining the hardness of wood. It involves forcing a small steel ball into the wood using external pressure/force. The force required (in lbf or N) to inject exactly half of the ball into the wood is that wood’s hardness. Based on the Janka test, Australian Buloke with a 5,060 IBF Janka rating is the hardest wood in the world.

As for the wood strength, that is determined by more than one factor, including the wood’s density, durability, hardness, compressive strength, bending strength, etc.

The strength of wood primarily depends on its density. The more fibers a wood has in a given area, the stronger is the wood. Wood doesn’t always have the same strength across its body and is generally the strongest in the direction of the grain.

Why is Wood Hardness Measurement Important?

For most projects, the hardness of wood is a primary factor for selection. While some projects require woods that are strong and very hard, others can do with soft or less strong woods. Stronger woods are generally more expensive than softer woods because of their higher demand. So, if a woodworker can manage with less strong wood, he/she will have to pay less. However, some projects like outdoor furniture must be made from strong and durable wood.

The wood hardness rating helps determine the durability of wood samples along with their resistance to specific conditions such as moisture, insect attacks, wear, and denting, which is an important criteria for wood selection.

The Hardest Wood in the world

Let’s get to the point now. So, which is the hardest wood in the world? Well, according to Wikipedia and many other sources, Australian buloke with a Janka rating of 5,060 lbf is the hardest wood in the world. However, Eric Meier of The Wood Database believes differently. According to him, the actual Janka rating of Australian buloke is 3,760 lbf (16,740 N), which makes it one of the hardest woods in the world, but not the hardest.

So, which is the hardest wood in the world? Well, according to the Wood Database, QUEBRACHO (Schinopsis spp.) has a Janka rating of 4,570 LBF (20,340 N), which makes it officially the hardest wood in the world. However, the doubt remains. Because many other wood experts still believe Australian buloke to be the wood with the highest Janka rating.

Ok, which wood is the next best?

Here’s the list of the top hardest or strongest woods in the world by Janka Rating:

1. Australian Buloke (5,060 lbf)

Grows primarily in Australia (Eastern and Southern parts of the country). It is unofficially known as the hardest wood in the world because of its high Janka rating.

2. Schinopsis Brasiliensis (4,800 lbf)

The wood is obtained from a flowering tree that primarily grows in Brazil. The wood is extremely tough with a Janka rating of 4,800 lbf. It is sometimes considered the hardest timber in the world and is used exclusively in construction because of its outstanding strength and hardness.

3. Schinopsis Balansae (4,570 lbf)

Schinopsis balansae is a hardwood that is obtained from a tree that can sometimes reach up to 24 meter in height. These trees cover most forest parts in Argentina and Paraguay. Considered as one of the hardest woods on the planet, this wood has a Janka rating of 4,570 lbf.

4. Lignum Vitae (4,500 lbf)

Lignum vitae is famously called a trade wood because of its high trade demand. It is obtained from the Guaiacum genus trees which grow exclusively in the Caribbean and some parts of South America. The wood has a Janka hardness rating of 4,500 lbf and is strong, tough and very dense. It is also very durable and is naturally resistant to moisture.

5. Piptadenia Macrocarpa (3,840 lbf)

With a Janka hardness rating of 3,840 lbf, Piptadenia Macrocarpa is one of the toughest woods in the world. It grows mainly in Argentina, Peru and Bolivia and is primarily used for construction purposes.

6. Snakewood (3,800 IBF)

Called so because of its unique snake-like appearance, Snakewood has a recorded Janka rating of 3,800 lbf. It is native to South America and used in a range of projects that require high strength and density. It is also commonly sold and used as an exotic wood species.

7. Brazilian Olivewood (3,700 IBF)

Brazilian Olivewood is a wood that is both hard and exotic. This makes it a common choice for a variety of wood projects, ranging from construction to furniture making and more. Native to Brazil, the wood is very strong, tough and equally beautiful.

8. Brazilian Ebony (3,692 IBF)

This type of Ebony grows mainly in Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina and is known for its outstanding hardness and durability. In addition, the wood is also shock-resistant, which makes it suitable for everything from construction to decking, and more.

9. Brazilian Walnut (3,684 IBF)

Brazilian walnut is obtained from Central and South America and has a Janka rating of 3,684 lbf. The wood is strong with a straight to interlocked grain. It is used for a number of outdoor and indoor woodworking projects worldwide.

10. African Pearwood (3,680 IBF)

Native to Africa, the African Pearwood is obtained from trees that grow primarily in Angola, Cameroon, Gabon, Nigeria and the Republic of Congo. It has a Janka rating of 3,680 lbf and is considered one of the strongest woods in Africa.

Looking to buy the best hardwood at a reasonable price or need help selecting the right wood for your project? Contact us at CameroonTimberExportSarl for free timber consultation along with the best price for premium grade, sustainably-sourced hardest woods in the world.

Meranti Wood: Properties, Characteristics & Uses

properties of meranti wood

properties of meranti wood

Meranti is a durable hardwood with soft to medium density and light or dark golden reddish color, which depends on the origin of the wood. It is primarily used in internal applications and projects such as home/office interior, flooring, furniture, window, moulding, etc. In terms of workability, Meranti cuts, nails, glues, screws and sands easily. The wood is easily available and moderately priced. Here’s everything you need to know about Meranti timber, its properties, uses and availability.

CameroonTimberExportSarl is a leading exporter & seller of Meranti hardwood timber, logs and slabs. We supply to all locations around the world, including Europe, Africa, Australia, Western Asia, and America. For the best quality Meranti wood at cheap prices, contact us today.

Meranti Timber Introduction

Meranti has many types based on the species it is produced from. Some of these include Shorea pauciflora, S. acuminata, S. platycarpa, and S. platyclados. The wood is commonly known as dark red meranti or light red meranti based on its color. It is also sometimes called Philippine Mahogany because of its mahogany-like features and appearance.

Meranti is produced all over the world, but it is native to Indonesia and primarily grows in Kalimantan, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and the Philippines. In other countries where the wood is not locally produced, it is imported from other regions.

The Meranti trees are generally 65-130 ft tall and have a 3-6 ft trunk diameter. They are averagely strong and have moderate durability. Let us now look at some of the most important meranti wood properties in detail.

Technical specifications

meranti wood properties

Crushing Strength: 7,070 lbf/in2 (48.8 MPa)
Modulus of Rupture: 12,710 lbf/in2 (87.7 MPa)
Average Dried Weight: 42 lbs/ft3 (675 kg/m3)
Janka Hardness: 800 lbf (3,570 N)
Elastic Modulus: 1,743,000 lbf/in2 (12.02 GPa)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .55, .68
Shrinkage: Radial: 3.9%, Tangential: 7.8%, Volumetric: 12.5%, T/R Ratio: 2.0

Meranti Wood Properties, Pros & Cons

Color: Depending on the type, Meranti can be light red or dark red (heartwood) and has a lighter sapwood, but the dark reddish wood with white resin streaks is the most common.

Grain: Meranti wood grain is normally straight but can also be interlocked and has a coarse texture with a low natural lustre.

Endgrain: It is rather easy to identify Meranti wood because of its porous end-grain, having large or very large pores in no fixed arrangement.

Resistance & Durability: Meranti is generally soft or medium hard and rated as moderately durable. It has decent resistance to decay but is prone to insect attack, bugs and marine borders. The wood has average hardness and is relatively stable.

Workability: The best thing about Meranti is that it is easy to work with both hands and machines. The wood glues, stains, paints and finishes well. It is also easy to nail and has good sticking properties. However, the presence of interlocked grain can sometimes lead to troubles during planing. Some species having a little silica content can cause a blunting effect on woodworking tools. Also, Meranti is known to be poorly responsive to steam-bending.

Drying: Meranti is reported to dry easily and rapidly. In just about 2 to 3 months, the moisture content in wood can reduce from 60 per cent to 18 per cent when kept in the open air under covers. It undergoes little degradation when naturally drying.

Meranti Wood Types

Meranti can have different species based on origin and properties. The most common ones include Dark Red Meranti, White Meranti, Yellow Meranti and Light Red Meranti.

As the name suggests, the main difference is in color. Light Red Meranti has a pale straw color, while dark red Meranti is dark reddish or brown. While Meranti has a yellowish-orange heartwood, and Yellow Meranti is yellowish-brown. Other properties are nearly the same.

Meranti Wood Uses

Meranti has poor or moderate durability and rot resistance, which is why it is generally preferred for interior work. Due to the above listed meranti wood properties it is Commonly used as plywood, flooring, interior furniture, veneering, construction, windows, doors, joinery, and boatbuilding.

Meranti Wood Price & Availability

Meranti is widely harvested and grows in many locations around the world. It is therefore easily available. Even the imported wood has a moderate price because of its easy and ample availability. However, some species of this wood are added to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and may not be as easily available. Contact your local wood supplier or Cameroon Timber Export Sarl for details.

Your search for a reliable Meranti wood supplier/exporter ends here. We can provide top-quality wood products at the best price in the market with outstanding after-sales support. Contact us today to know more.

5 Most Common Types of Softwood Lumber For Woodworking

types of softwood

types of softwood

Softwood is a wood product that is derived from trees and used in a variety of projects, including construction and furniture making. Contrary to the name, softwood is not always soft, but it’s usually lighter than hardwood. Because of its easy availability and cheaper price than hardwood, softwood is the most common wood used in routine woodworking projects.

If you are here, you are probably looking to know everything about softwood, including the types of softwood and its examples.

What is Softwood?

Softwood is the wood produced from gymnosperm trees such as conifers. These trees have a fast growth rate and retain their leaves throughout the year. The most common examples include pine, cedar, spruce, larch and fit.

Depending on the type, softwoods can be used for a variety of woodworking projects, including interior mouldings, making windows, furniture, plywoods, fibreboards, and construction framing.

Here, we will discuss the common types/varieties of softwood along with their respective properties and uses.

Types of Softwood Lumber With Examples

A number of wood species come under the softwood category based on their origin, characteristics and properties. However, not all softwoods are the same. It is crucial to know the right type of softwood for your project before buying one. At CameroonTimberExportSarl, we supply all the top varieties of African softwood and have experience using these woods in real projects.

Some of the most popular types/species of softwood include Pine, Cedar, Redwood, Larch, Douglas Fir, Poplar, among others.

Pine

pine

Pine is the most versatile and popular softwood because of its easy adaptability to a range of applications. It is also the most easily available softwood timber in the world, which makes it cheaper compared to most hardwood options. Pine is used in a variety of projects, mainly in furniture making and construction.

Pinewood bends easily, which makes it a superior choice for making turned objects and furniture. It also carves and stains better than other options. It is also commonly used for flooring, framing and roofing because of its considerable durability and long life. Pine has multiple species, which differ in color, strength and other basic properties.

Cedar

cedar

Cedar is a premium softwood that is relatively denser and tougher and has high durability, which is why it’s commonly used for outdoor furniture, decking, and exterior works. Because it’s tough and has decent resistance to moisture, decay and insects, it is ideal for a variety of uses, including flooring, furniture, roofing, among others.

The fine appearance and attractive aroma of cedar also make it suitable for making indoor furniture and other objects. The Western Red Cedar is one of the most popular species of cedar and is preferred for making customised pieces because of its attractive red hue.

Redwood

redwood

Similar to cedar, redwood also has outstanding resistance to moisture, which makes it suitable for making outdoor furniture, flooring, etc. The wood has a decent life and will not decay easily. It is not as hard as cedar and is also cheaper. The products made from redwood possess high quality.

European redwood is a popular species, which is usually light in color and used for both indoor and outdoor applications.

Larch

larch

Larch is a softwood type which is commonly imported from the UK and Siberia. It is moderately durable and is strong enough to be used in a variety of construction projects, including for building exterior design such as timber cladding. The color and properties of larch wood may vary depending on its origin.

Douglas Fir

douglas fir softwood

Douglas Fir, or commonly called Fir, is a red-brown softwood timber that is primarily used in buildings. The wood grain is tight & straight with a few knots. It is extensively used for joinery applications, including flooring, cladding, facades, etc. You may also know Douglas Fir from its use as Christmas trees.

The pulp made from the processing of fir is used for plywood and OSB. The moderate cost of fit makes it suitable for use in a range of applications. It is harder and stronger than most softwoods.

Buy Top Quality Softwood from Cameroontimberexportsarl

At CameroonTimberExportSarl, you can find and purchase top quality different types of softwoods that are suitable for a large range of applications. We are known for supplying the best quality softwoods at competitive prices. As a wholesale timber supplier, we can deliver softwood timber to your doorstep anywhere in the world.

To know more about our softwood varieties, prices and availability, contact us today.

Teak Wood: Properties, Characteristics & Uses

teak wood properties

teak wood properties

Teak is one of the most popular premium hardwood species in the world. It’s a tropical hardwood that belongs to the family Lamiaceae. Also known by its scientific name, Tectona grandis, teak trees commonly grow in tropical regions of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Due to its rare availability and extensive growth time (takes about 20 years to fully grow), teak is generally very expensive.

Whether you are looking to buy Teak wood logs, timber or simply curious about the wood, you can read here about the various teak wood properties and its uses.

Teak Wood Properties & Characteristics

Teak is a tropical hardwood. The trees can grow up to a height of 40 m and have an average trunk diameter of 1-1.15 m.

Colour and texture

Tropical teak wood has a golden or medium brown heartwood with slight grey or red tints. The sapwood is a pale yellow, almost white, and is easy to distinguish. The wood colour gets darker with age.

The wood usually has straight grains, but can also be interlocked on occasions. It has an uneven texture, sometimes coarse and in other places smooth. The natural oils of teak give the raw wood an oily or greasy feel as well as a distinguished odour.

Density, strength & resistance

Teak has a firm structure. The wood is well-known for its above-average durability, which makes teak wood objects easily last 40 years or more. It is fairly resistant to termites, decay and rot. However, marine borers can cause damage to untreated teak sapwood.

Workability

Teak is a hardwood which is relatively easier to work with because of its firm structure. However, its high silica content can sometimes make the cutting edges blunt, which is why using tungsten-carbide blades is recommended. Nailing and screwing is easy. The natural presence of oils in teak can sometimes make gluing difficult, and it’s recommended to glue timber surfaces when freshly dressed. Teak fares well against painting, staining, polishing and waxing, however, steam bending teak is not possible.

Properties of Teak Wood in Nutshell

teak wood properties

  • Average Dried Weight: 41 lbs/ft3 (655 kg/m3)
  • Janka Hardness: 1,070 lbf (4,740 N)
  • Modulus of Rupture: 14,080 lbf/in2 (97.1 MPa)
  • Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .55, .66
  • Crushing Strength: 7,940 lbf/in2 (54.8 MPa)
  • Elastic Modulus: 1,781,000 lbf/in2 (12.28 GPa)
  • Shrinkage: Radial: 2.6%, Tangential: 5.3%, Volumetric: 7.2%, T/R Ratio: 2.0

Teak Wood Uses

uses of teak wood

Due to the above-listed teak wood properties, it is widely used in marine applications such as boatbuilding, including decking, railings, planking, and making doors. It is also commonly used for construction purposes, including flooring, decking, cladding, framing, and barge boards. Other than these, teak is also used for making attractive-looking and highly durable indoor and outdoor furniture, paneling, carvings, turnings, and similar objects.

Timber frames are mostly favoured for making structures of commercial and industrial buildings with the aim to extend their life.

Teak Wood Price and Availability

Teak naturally occurs in the monsoon forests of some countries, including India, Myanmar, Vietnam and Thailand. However, extensive deforestation and cutting of trees have led to a scarcity of this premium timber.  Different types of teak wood plantations are commonly found in Africa, Indonesia, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and the West Indies. Even in these places, the availability is scarce, which is why the price of teak timber is going up each day.

For the best price of teak timber and logs and readily available, you can contact us at CameroonTimberExportSarl. We sell freshly sawn teak timber and raw logs at wholesale rates and deliver to our customers all over the world. Contact us today to find out more about our teak species, quality, availability and prices.

Get Live Preview of Our Top Quality Teak Timber Wood Stock

Sapele Wood: Properties, Characteristics & Uses

sapele wood

sapele wood properties
Sapele was not so popular until the governments worldwide put an outright ban on the commercial exploitation of Mahogany, which is one of the world’s most popular and rare timber species. Not only Sapele is similar to Mahogany in terms of properties like color, strength, etc. but also it’s much cheaper and readily available, which makes it a viable alternative for industrialists and woodworkers worldwide. Same as Mahogany, Sapele can be used for a range of interior and exterior woodworking applications.

If you are here, you are probably looking to know more about Sapele wood properties, including the timber characteristics and uses.

Sapele Wood: Distribution and Basic Properties

sapele wood properties

Sapele belongs to the same botanical family as Mahogany and comparisons between mahogany vs sapele are made as they shares similar characteristics in terms of color, workability, etc. The distribution of Sapele trees is largely limited to West African countries including Ghana, Nigeria, and Tanzania. The Sapele can grow to a maximum height of 100-150 ft (30-45 mt) and have a maximum trunk diameter of 1.5 m.

As mentioned before, most of the characteristics of Sapele are similar to that of Mahogany. These include the heartwood color, which is golden to dark reddish-brown and darkens with age, durability, and grain patterns. Because of the interlocking grains, Sapele can be relatively difficult to work with and can result in tearouts during machining operations like planing and routing.

Color & Appearance: Sapele heartwood is dark reddish-brown and gets darker with age. The interlocking grain pattern of Sapele wood can cause the heartwood to have ribbon patterns along with a variety of other figured patterns, such as wavy, quilted, and pommele. This dramatic figurative pattern is what makes Sapele an exotic looking timber.

Texture: The Sapele heartwood has a wavy, but fine uniform texture due to interlocked grain patterns, which are clearly visible on quartersawn timber and veneer. However, these anomalies in the texture can make it difficult to cut or mold the wood using machines.

Resistance: Because of similarities to mahogany, Sapele is also quite durable and has decent resistance to rot, insect, etc.

Other Physical and Mechanical Sapele Wood Properties

  • Janka Hardness – 1,410 lbf (6,280 N)
  • Average Dried Weight – 42 lbs/ft3 (670 kg/m3)
  • Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC) – .50, .67
  • Crushing Strength – 8,750 lbf/in2 (60.4 MPa)
  • Modulus of Rupture – 15,930 lbf/in2 (109.9 MPa)
  • Elastic Modulus – 1,746,000 lbf/in2 (12.04 GPa)
  • Shrinkage: Radial – 4.8%, Tangential: 7.2%, Volumetric: 12.8%, T/R Ratio: 1.5

Availability and Price

Even though Sapele has been placed on IUCN Red List because about 20% of the wood population was lost in the past few decades, it’s still the easiest and cheapest available variant to Mahogany. From CameroonTimberExport, you can buy African Sapele slabs, logs and timber form at the lowest price in the market with guaranteed on-time delivery to your location anywhere in the world.

Primary Uses of Sapele Wood

The above listed sapele wood properties makes it usable for a variety of woodworking projects, including as a high-quality and good looking replacement to Mahogany. Some of the best examples of Sapele timber applications include making fine furniture, boatbuilding, turned objects, cabinetry, paneling, flooring, veneering making, doors and windows, outdoor furniture, musical instruments, countertops, beams, and specialty items.

How to Buy Sapele Online (At the Lowest Price)

If you are looking for the best place to buy Sapele lumber, timber or veneer online at the lowest price with location shipping, contact CameroonTimberExportSarl. We are Africa’s leading exporter of top-quality sapele wood logs and timber and ship to most locations around the globe.

Contact us today to know more about our Sapele wood specifications, dimensions, quality, availability and price.

Different Types of Pine Wood & Its Uses

types of pine wood

Pine is a softwood that comes in a number of variants with different colors and other core features. As a softwood, Pine wood is flexible but also durable. It is often used as a less expensive variant to timbers such as teak, which is one of the costliest woods for furniture making. If you are more curious about pine and its variants, here you’ll find out all about Pine wood, its variants and uses.
types of pine wood

4 Major Pine Wood Variants in Detail

Based on the color and other core pine wood properties, we have 4 major types of pine wood, which include white pine, western yellow pine, southern yellow pine, and red pine.

1. White Pine Wood

white pine wood

As the name suggests, this category of pine trees are white in color, i.e. have a white or pale yellow sapwood, while the heartwood is light brown. Other characteristics of white pine wood include low density, even grain, high durability, fine texture and small resin canals. Thanks to its high durability, the wood is resistant to splitting or swelling.

White pine can be further categorised into four species, which include sugar pine, western white pine, eastern white pine and limber pine.

Sugar Pine: The most popular and common species of pine is also the most valuable. It has a coarse texture and large resin canals. It’s commonly used in exterior and interior trim work, for making frames, moldings and musical instruments.

Western White Pine: Also known as silver pine, this species of pine has even grain and medium texture. Uses include plywood, interior, veneering, wooden matches, boxes and making fine furniture.

Eastern White Pine: It is used in construction timber, carving, boat-making and interior millwork.

Limber Pine: Also known as Rocky Mountain white pine, it’s mostly used in fuel wood or rough construction.

2. Southern Yellow Pine Wood

southern yellow pine

Southern yellow pine is relatively harder than regular pine trees and have a higher density. The sapwood of this category of pine is yellowish white while the heartwood is reddish brown. It can be further categorized into four major species, which are shortleaf pine, longleaf pine, slash pine and loblolly pine.

Shortleaf Pine: Besides being quite beautiful, this pine species is also very affordable. It’s primarily used for making timber, which is used for construction, veneer, etc.

Longleaf Pine: This precious pine is used mainly for ship building and timber is used for interior and exterior construction.

Slash Pine: Slash pine is primarily used for making timber, which is then used in the construction of beams, poles, bridges, etc.

Loblolly Pine: Same as Slash Pine, this pine species is used for construction, but it’s also used for making furniture, pallets, boxes and plywood.

3. Wester Yellow Pine Wood

western yellow pine

In terms of hardness, this category of pines falls right between white pine and Southern yellow pine. With a more even grain, they are neither very soft nor very hard. It has two major species, called Lodgepole pine and Ponderosa pine.

Lodgepole pine: The wood is used for lodges, veneer, sheathing, plywood, poles, subflooring and cabinetry.

Ponderosa pine: This species of pine has a clearer wood that is ideal for making blinds, modlings, doors, cabinetry and subflooring.

4. Red Pine Wood

red pine wood

The red pine wood has white yellowish sapwood and a reddish brown heartwood. It has straight, even grain with a medium texture. The red pine timber is used as construction lumber and for making poles, cabin logs and railway ties.

Pine Wood Uses

common uses of pine wood

The use of pine wood depends on the type and color. Most of the timber is used for flooring, furniture and cabinetry. Since pine timber is available in a great variety of colors, they are particularly liked for interiors, furniture making and other design-focus woodworking projects.

For centuries, people have been using pinewood for making log cabins. From the 18th century and after that, pine timber was started to be used to make furniture, flooring, etc.

In the modern world, it is used as a cheaper yet high-quality alternative to many premium woods for making flooring, furniture, trims and moldings, decks, veneer, etc.

Buy Your Favorite Types of Pine Wood Timber & Logs At The Best Price Online

Because of the abundant supply of pine softwood in many locations around the globe, the price of the pine timber is still affordable compared to leading species such as teak, mahogany and rosewood. However, finding the right supplier of different pine lumber that can consistently deliver good quality at a reasonable price is not easy.

Now, you can buy top quality pine wood at a wholesale price directly from CameroonTimberExportSarl. We as a leading timber manufacturer & exporter in Cameroon supply 18+ wood species, including pine wood species, to our clients all over the world.

Visit our website to know more about our different types of wood species, quality, availability and price. You can place your order online, via email or call us on +237 683 37 5541 to enquire and place an order.

Iroko Wood: Properties, Characteristics & Uses

iroko wood properties and uses

Iroko is a hardwood commonly used for cabinetmaking and panelling. It’s quite durable, which makes it a perfect timber for most woodworking projects. Iroko is sometimes used as a cheaper alternative to teak because of similarities in features and colour and is also commonly called African teak. If you are a woodworker looking to know more about the characteristics, uses,price and properties of iroko wood, you’re at the right place.

iroko wood properties and uses

Iroko Wood: Distribution and Basic Properties

Iroko wood can be further categorised into two species – Milicia excelsa (Chlorophora excelsa) and M. regia (C. regia). While Milicia excelsa can be found in most regions of tropical Africa, the distribution of M. regia is limited to the West African regions of Gambia and Ghana.

The hardwood of iroko is extracted from a tree that is about 100-130 ft in height and has a 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter. The average dried weight of iroko wood is about 41 lbs/ft3 (660 kg/m3). It has a specific gravity of .55, .66 and the Janka hardness of 1,260 lbf (5,610 N). The iroko tree has long and widespread roots, which make it more stable against strong winds.

Other Basic Properties of Iroko Wood are as Follows:

Color & Appearance: Color of the outer layer, i.e. sapwood, of iroko is a pale yellow, which is very different from the color of the heartwood, i.e. the innermost part, which has a yellow to medium/dark brown color. The heartwood has light stripes all over it, which are quite visible on flat-sawn surfaces. The color of iroko hardwood is very similar to that of teak wood and tends to get dark over time.

Texture: The texture of Iroko hardwood is medium to coarse. It has interlocked grain, which may cause some tearouts when working with a machine. However, Iroko is typically easy to work with both hand and machine.

Resistance: Iroko has been categorised as very durable, and is similar to red maple in strength. It has very good resistance to insect attack, decay and rot and can be used for outdoor projects as well.

Since Iroko is a very durable wood, it doesn’t require much maintenance or perseverance, which reduces the cost of maintenance of the iroko wood items in the long term.

The Iroko tree also has environmental values, as it is said to have the ability to absorb CO2 from the air and transform it into limestone, which not only helps reduce the carbon but also enriches the soil, making it more fertile.

Physical and Mechanical Properties of Iroko Tropical Timber (*at 12% of wood moisture)

Total tangential shrinkage (TS): 5.4%
Specific gravity*: 0.64
TS/RS ratio: 1.5
Monnin hardness*: 4.1
Coef. of volumetric shrinkage: 0.44%
Total radial shrinkage (RS): 3.5%
Fiber saturation point: 23%

Durability and Treatability of Iroko Tropical Timber

Fungi: class 1-2 – very durable to durable
Dry wood borers: durable
Termites: class D – durable
Treatability: class 4 – not impregnable

Availability and Price of Iroko Wood

The availability of iroko, especially the one with premium quality, is mostly limited to tropical Africa. There are some authorised sellers of iroko wood & timber in this region of Africa. CameroonTimberExportSarl is one of them. We follow a sustainable iroko wood harvesting process, where not more than 20% of the harvest is cut down in a specific period. We have our own forests and lands as well as purchase wood from local landowners in a completely sustainable manner.

All our wood is processed at the company’s own mill located in Douala, Cameroon. We use skilled woodworkers and pay them well.

We at CameroonTimberExportSarl legally export our Iroko wood logs, timber and slabs to our customers all over the world, including to countries in the Middle East, Asia and Europe. We sell iroko timber and logs at wholesale prices. You can buy iroko timber at a really affordable price from CameroonTimberExportSarl and get it delivered to your local anywhere in the world.

Primary Uses of Iroko Hardwood

Iroko is a highly durable wood, which makes it perfect for a range of woodworking projects such as boat building, veneering, flooring, furniture making, panelling, cabinetry, barrel making for building turned items and specialty wood items. It is often used as a cheaper and easily available substitute for teak.

The high durability of Iroko hardwood makes it suitable for making outdoor furniture, ships, flooring, bridges, railways sleepers and other similar items.

Other possible uses of Iroko timber and slabs include structure and panels making, exterior joinery, building facades, recreation equipment, carpentry, interior fittings, etc.

Check out the complete range of African wood species and quality timber at the CameroonTimberExportSarl website and order online to get the best price and on-time delivery to your address.

Why Are Lumber Prices Increasing Constantly? Where to Buy Timber Cheap?

key reasons for increasing lumber prices

reasons for increasing lumber prices
As a woodworker or regular buyer of timber/lumber, you must have noticed that lumber prices are constantly increasing. In fact, the price of timber in some regions has nearly doubled in the past couple of years.

One obvious reason for this is the depleting supply of wood (forest strength) in most parts of the world. And then the demand for quality lumber is constantly increasing, which has also helped boost the wood price. Another not so common reason behind the recent lumber price increase is the COVID pandemic, which forced many lumber mills to shut down over the concerns of the infection spreading.

If you are looking to buy cheaper timber amid the pandemic, visit the cameroontimberexport.com website or contact us directly at +237 683 37 5541 to know about the best rates for African timber.

Let’s bust the rumors first

If you’ve heard the rumor that the lumber  prices are increasing because producers are purposely shorting the supply, you are not alone. And believe me, there is not much fact in these rumours. In fact, most of the timber producers & suppliers we work with are doing their best to maintain the supply and keep the prices in check.

3 Key Reasons for Increasing Lumber Prices

 

#1 Limited Supply

 

As you may very well know, the amount of forestation around the globe is slowly but surely depleting. So, of course, the supply of timber is also reducing with time, which increases the price.

Also, in recent times, especially during the pandemic lockdown, a significant increase in DIY woodworking activities was reported, which gave a boost to the demand while the supply was further reduced because of the lockdown and temporary shutting of mills.

 

#2 Increasing Demand

 

As the world is slowly getting back to its feet after the COVID lockdown, there has been a substantial increase in construction activities, which has given a boost to the demand for construction lumber.

As per a trading economics report, new construction in the USA surged by 22.6% between May and June. As the housing market is booming after the pandemic, so is the demand for and price of housing timber.

 

#3 Speculators Buying with the Hope to Sell Expensive

 

Another key reason for increasing lumber prices is the role of speculators which is quite significant as well. Expecting the demand, many speculators started buying and storing timber well in advance so that they can sell it later at a high price. This further expanded the gap between lumber supply (availability) and demand.

So, how do I buy cheap timber without compromising on quality?

If you are wondering whether it is possible to buy cheap and good quality timber, we have the best solution for you.

At CameroonTimberExportSarl, we have our own forests in Douala, Cameroon that are approved for harvesting, of course, within the local harvesting rules. So, basically, we have an ample supply of fresh and top quality African timber almost always.

Because of the huge supply, we are able to keep our lumber prices low. If you are looking to buy wood or lumber in bulk, you can expect a further discount on standard rates. Contact us today to share your timber requirements and know the best price for your location.

Where to Find Best Quality Cheap Timber/Lumber in Africa?

where to find cheap lumber
where to find best quality cheap lumber in Africa

That’s a million-dollar question. And one with not an easy answer. 

Have you ever imagined if you could find a way to get cheap lumber for your woodworking business? It would probably solve a lot of problems and certainly increase your profits. But in order to do so you need to do a proper research before purchasing any cheap lumber from the online or offline market.

When looking for a way to find and buy cheap timber in Africa, you might have to do a lot of research. There are hundreds of timber sellers & exporters in Africa, but you should try & find the best low-priced timber supplier within the market.

Wondering when and where to buy cheap lumber/timber from in Africa?

CameroonTimberExportSarl is a leading supplier of top-African wood logs and timber available in a range of African timber species and sold at affordable/wholesale rates with worldwide delivery.

Whatever type of African hardwood timber you are looking to buy from anywhere in the world, you can buy it directly from CameroonTimberExportSarl – the largest supplier of industry-grade timber in Cameroon and one of the largest in Africa.

As the biggest supplier of raw African timber and logs, CameroonTimberExportSarl deals in all the top varieties and species of African wood. We supply cheap timber and logs of Teak, Azobe, Black Limba, Bilinga, Bubinga, Ebony, Ekop Naga, Doussie, Iron wood, Iroko, Ekop, Beli, Okan, Maobi, Mahogany, Makore, Okoume, Padauk, Ovangkol, Tali, Sapele, Rose wood, Zebrawood, Zebrano, and Wenge.

How to Buy Good Quality Inexpensive Timber/Lumber at in Africa

As I said, you might need to do your research in order to find out the best place and seller to buy cheap timber near you. Here are some tips you can follow along the way.

Buy Directly From the Seller

As far as possible, always buy your wood directly from the seller. This will not only help reduce the wood cost by eliminating the middleman commission but also ensure you get the best quality. Also, this makes the return process easier in case you are not 100% happy with the wood quality delivered.

Compare the Price

When looking to buy wood from a wholesale supplier, always compare your options rather than purchasing from the very first seller you come across. You can use search engines like Google or social media to find out about leading timber sellers in Africa and then compare their prices, quality, reviews, etc. to find out the best.

Quality over Quantity

In the end, if you have to choose between quantity and quality, always go with quality. In other words, do not compromise quality in the search of cheap timber for sale in Africa.

Global Delivery Of Cheap Lumber

If you are looking for cross-border delivery of cheap lumber, try & search for a seller that offers global wood delivery to your location. CameroonTimberExportSarl, for example, is a Cameroon-based company that exports African timber and logs to worldwide locations including UAE, Malaysia, Vietnam, Iraq, Canada, and Saudi Arabia. Also, we take care of customs and other legal requirements when supplying woods throughout the world.

To know more about CameroonTimberExportSarl services and timber options or to place your wood order now, visit cameroontimberexport.com.

What is Blockboard? Types and Manufacturing Process of Block Board

what is blockboard

Blockboard is a widely used form of engineering plywood that is made by sandwiching the core of softwood strips between layers of wooden veneer. The block board with a single veneer on both sides of softwood is usually called a 3-ply. These plywoods are generally used for making objects like tables & benches, beds, bookshelves, doors, and long wall panels.

Because of the added layers of veneer wood, block boards are comparatively stronger and more durable than regular timber.

what is blockboard

Types of Block board

Based on the quality, usage and the base wood, blockboard can be classified into the following 4 types:

Based on the raw woods

  1. Softwood block board
  2. Hardwood block board

Based on the quality & usage

  1. Interior grade block board
  2. Exterior grade block board

1. Softwood block board

These types of block boards are made using solid softwood. The strips of wood are glued together and then sandwiched between layers of hardwood veneers to form a strong board.

2. Hardwood block board

The only difference between hardwood and softwood block board is the raw material, which in case of hardwood board is hardwood, which makes the final board stronger and more heavy and dense. It’s also more expensive compared to other types.

3. Interior grade block board

This type of block board is primarily used for making interior wood objects such as furniture. It’s said to have very good moisture resistance, which makes it ideal to use for making objects with frequent access to water.

4. Exterior grade block board

As the name suggests, this type of blockboard is ideal for making exterior wood objects such as outdoor furniture. These boards are quite strong and have very good resistance against moisture, heat and other environmental conditions.

Block Board Manufacturing Process

The process of manufacturing block boards is very crucial, as the quality & strength of a block board very much depend on its manufacturing process.

The standard block board manufacturing process is as follows:

1. Slicing

The wood logs and cut and sliced to produce sheets, called strips. The block strips are usually 25 mm in width.

2. Rotary Cutting

The second step is producing the veneer coating, which involves rotary cutting the logs to make the outer layer.

3. Gluing

The wood slices, or strips, are then glued together using adhesives like Urea formaldehyde and plastic resin under high-pressure conditions.

4. Drying

After the gluing process, the blocks are left in the sun for naturally drying in order to reduce the moisture and water content. The drying process continues until the humidity reduces to 10-12%, after which the blocks are processed to the next stage.

5. Attaching

In the next phase, the blocks are attached with the softwood or hardwood (veneer), for interior grade and exterior grade respectively.

6. Finishing

After the block board is ready, a final coating is done for extra strength and support.

We at CameroonTimberExportSarl specialize in delivering the best quality African timber & wood logs to timber merchants worldwide. We are authorised to legally harvest, process and export timber from our Cameroon mill to our clients in multiple countries, including Malaysia, UAE, Vietnam, Iraq, Canada, and Saudi Arabia.

To know more about our timber species or to place an order, you can contact us via our website or drop an email to info@cameroontimberexport.com.