Moulding refers to a decorative shape made out of wood or any other material. Mouldings have since always been used in buildings, both as a way to conceal transition between surfaces such as walls and floors and as a piece of decoration. Because the right moulding can significantly improve the look and features of your place, choosing the right type of moulding is extremely important.
Timber mouldings are quite common in both classic and modern homes. They are used in various places, at the top and bottom of walls, at the centre of ceilings, at the centre of walls, etc. and might help make your place look more beautiful than without them.
If you are looking to find and buy the perfect timber moulding for your place, here’s a complete guide to the different types of timber mouldings and how to choose the best one.
What are Mouldings and Why do you Need Them?
Mouldings are the outline of the edges or corners and are primarily used as a part of the interior both to cover/support joints (such as where the wall meets the floor) and to add to the beauty of the place. Timber mouldings are particularly popular when it comes to using them for improving the aesthetics of a room.
Types of Timber Mouldings based on Shape
Unlike what some people might think, mouldings aren’t very complex. But, they are available in many different shapes to suit the different styling needs of different places. There are so many designs that you’d rarely find them repeating in two different buildings. However, all timber moulding designs have a number of common shapes, some of which include:
Angular mouldings are generally used in combination with flat mouldings and are considered a basic but modern shape. They are, in fact, a part of many modern timber moulding designs.
Flat mouldings are generally parallel to the surface but are given a modern look to match with the style of the place. The flat moulding can be further carved to include intricate detail to give it more meaning.
Curved mouldings contain designs in a curved shape. Based on how it is designed, it can take many forms and thus can be used to create a large number of designs. Some variants include ogee and lambs tongue.
Other popular shapes in timber mouldings include Square, Pencil Round, Scotia, Arris, Bullnose, Ogee, Charnfur, Half Bullnose, Sunk Panel with Ogee Mould, Charnfer/V Line, Bead 1, Cavetto, Weathered, Bead 2, Reed, Sunk Margin, Ovolo, and Flute.
Popular Types of Mouldings
Some of the most common types of timber mouldings include:
Chair rail mouldings were traditionally used to cover about half of the walls to protect them from stains and dents but they are now widely considered a suitable option to add a modern look to any place.
Skirting is the most basic type of moulding and can be used everywhere from the bottom of the wall to ceiling and between rooms for different purposes such as covering the joints and adding to the aesthetic appeal of a place.
Wall panelling: This type of moulding is supposed to cover the entire walls of a room or place. The timber moulds or boards are arranged on the wall in a predefined manner, generally to give the look of a picture frame.
Picture rail is a type of wall panelling that is both inexpensive and looks really attractive. It can be used anywhere to improve the look of walls.
Sill Nosing is primarily used as a window sill, but its use as a chair rail is also not very uncommon.
Architraves are generally used as a frame for a door or window, which helps improve the look as well as adds the illusion of height.
Curved architraves are used to build frames for curved windows and doors.
Cornice moulds are commonly used between the wall and the ceiling and generally sit on a certain angle and cover the entire room, i.e. all walls and ceilings. Other uses include decorating fireplaces and cupboards.
Skirting block mouldings are generally used to connect door architraves with skirting moulds. They look amazing and classic.
Rosette is a custom wood design that contains a decorative mould and is generally used at the intersection of two parts of the same frame.
Choosing the Best Timber Species for Moulding
Choosing the right timber for your mouldings is very important. You want to go with a wood that is both attractive and strong, has good hardness and natural resistance and durability. The most popular timber options for mouldings are pine, sapele, oak, and tulipwood, of which only pine is a softwood. It is popular as a cheaper alternative to other hardwood options and is readily available in almost all parts of the world.
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