Balsa Wood: Properties, Characteristics & Uses

balsa wood properties

balsa wood properties

Balsa, commonly known as Ochroma, is a hardwood native to the tropical forests of the Americas. Balsa trees are also grown on plantations in many countries including Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Indonesia, Thailand, etc. Despite being hardwood, Balsa is rather soft and light and these properties of balsa wood makes it suitable for a large variety of applications ranging from model building to construction of boats and aircrafts, furniture making, insulation, sports parts construction, musical instruments, carving and more.

Whether you are looking to purchase Balsa wood or are just curious about this harwood’s properties and uses, here you can read everything you need to know about Balsa wood.

Balsa Wood Properties

balsa wood properties

Balsa trees grow fast and will usually reach a height of 18-28 m. They have a trunk diameter of around 1-1.2 meter. A typical Balsa tree takes about 10-15 years to fully grow. They start flowering in the third year. Though these trees are native to America’s tropical regions, they can also be found in many other countries.

Strength, density and durability: Balsa has a Janka rating of 67 lbf, which is typically low for a hardwood. The average dried weight is 9 lbs/ft3. Balsa is lightweight and not very hard. It is prone to insect attacks and has low durability.

Color: Balsa heartwood is easily distinguishable from the sapwood. While the heartwood is pale reddish brown, the sapwood is white or off-white with a pink yellowish hue.

Because Balsa is soft, it’s use in commercial lumber is not very common.

Grain & Texture: Balsa wood features a straight grain and may have a medium or coarse texture. The wood is diffuse-porous and will generally have large pores.

Workability: Balsa is generally easy to work with. Because it is soft, it cuts easily and causes no blunting or dulling effect on cutters. It does not hold nails easily, which is why glue is used for joining. The wood stains well but can take a huge amount of paint to finish because of its liquid absorbing nature.

Availability & price: Balsa is easily available and moderately priced. However, high-quality Balsa wood can be difficult to find in typica hardwood stores and can cost more at specialty stores.

Common Uses of Balsa Wood

Though Balsa is very soft and light, it is reasonably strong, which makes it suitable for a range of works. Low density Balsa is high in demand. It is primarily used in model building, i.e. to build models and proptypes for bridges, aircrafts and other projects where high strength and bending abilities are needed. It is also sometimes used in building full-sized wooden airplanes because of its light weight and high strength.

Balsa was first used in aircraft building in the second world war, as it was a component of the de Havilland Mosquito aircraft created by Britain during the war. Other than aircraft building, Balsa wood is also largely used in building boats that are light in weight.

Balsa is also commonly used for building plywoods that are both stronger and lighter than regular woods.

Other than that, Balsa timber wood is used for making wooden crankbaits, for insulation in houses with damp walls and sometimes in refrigerators, to make breakable furniture (for use in films and karate), and to build sports parts including badminton rackets and musical instruments such as violin. Balsa is also used for carving. Because the wood is soft, it carves easily.

Advantages & Disadvantages of Balsa Wood

When choosing wood for your project, make sure to also check the various advantages and disadvantages of that wood to know whether it is perfect for your particular needs. Here are the different pros and cons of Balsa wood.

Pros (Why use Ochroma wood)

  • It is a light wood and ideal for model making.
  • It is light and therefore perfect for making boats.
  • Balsa trees grow fast, which is why they are a common choice for plantation.
  • It is affordable and easily available.
  • It is fairly strong for its density and weight.
  • Balsa stains, cuts, glues and finishes well.

Cons

  • Balsa is not a very durable wood. It is not suitable for making heavy-use and outdoor furniture.
  • The wood burns quickly if exposed to fire.
  • It is susceptible to insect attacks.

Balsa wood comes in different grades. The properties of the wood also depend on how it is cut. For example, A-grain Balsa has the best bending properties, while C-grain wood offers better stiffness.

Need help choosing the right wood for your project? Contact us today for a free on-call consultation. If you are looking to buy Balsa wood, contact CameroonTimberExportSarl for the best price. We ship to all countries and cities around the world.

MDF vs Plywood: Which Is the Best Engineered Wood

difference between plywood and mdf

difference between plywood and mdf

MDF vs  plywood, here are two of the most popular types of engineered wood. Both types of wood are engineered, i.e. synthetically manufactured using wood and other materials. Both are suitable to be used for a variety of projects and have their own advantages and disadvantages. If you are finding it difficult to choose the best engineered wood for your project, here’s a detailed guide about MDF and plywood along with the difference between the two to help you make the right selection.

When you are ready to buy, contact us at CameroonTimberExportSarl to enquire about the best price for MDF and plywood. We are a leading supplier and exporter of top quality engineered wood and solid wood in 20+ countries around the world.

MDF or plywood is a less expensive alternative to solid wood, which is considered the best option for woodworking. However, because of the lack of availability and high price of natural wood, people opt for options like engineered wood which can be as good for a variety of projects ranging from furniture to flooring and more.

Before we start talking about the difference between MDF and plywood, let’s first get to know the basics of these two types of engineered wood.

What is MDF?

MDF or medium-density fiberboard is an engineered wood board made up of small softwood and hardwood fibres. Since there is no real wood involved, the MDF boards have no visible grain or knots. Wood fibres along with glue or wax are joined under specific pressure and heating conditions to achieve a strong and somewhat durable board that is cheaper than both plywood and solid wood but stronger than particleboard.

MDF board is smooth, looks beautiful and is easy to cut and carve. However, it can easily soak moisture, especially when not treated and sealed well. It is dense, and therefore heavy. It is not easy to screw and may get damaged easily without proper care.

What is Plywood?

Plywood is a type of engineered wood that is made by combining thin layers of wood, called veneers, using high-quality glue or other adhesives. Plywood is strong, hard and durable to moisture. It does not soak water and is somewhat resistant to insect attacks. Depending on the type of wood sheets used, plywood can be available in different grades. Plywoods are suitable for both indoor and outdoor projects, including flooring, high-quality furniture, and others.

Unlike MDF, plywood does not absorb water and is less prone to damage. It is easier to work with and glues and stains well. Also, it holds screws tightly and can be seamlessly customised in different designs and thicknesses.

Plywood can be expensive, with some premium grade plywoods being as expensive as solid wood. They must be finished well to hire the visible layers and grain on the surface. Also, plywood cannot be used to carve designs because it doesn’t have a smooth surface.

MDF vs Plywood

Though we have already discussed the basic difference between MDF and plywood above, here’s a quick look at some other things to help you make the right selection.

MDF Plywood
Strength High High
Durability Moderate High
Moisture resistance Low Moderate
What is it made of? Wood fibres Wood sheets/plies
Cost Low Higher
Ease of use Easy Easy
Screwing Bad Good
Surface Smooth with no grain Less smooth with visible grain and layers

 

Common uses of MDF include bookshelves, cabinets, doors, door frames and other indoor projects.

Popular uses of plywood include furniture (bed frames, sofa, tabletop, chairs, etc.), flooring, roofing, and a variety of outdoor projects.

While MDF is made primarily of hardwood and softwood fibres, plywood is made of very thin layers of wood obtained from logs. It is generally cheaper than plywood. It weighs more than plywood, which can be an issue when working with it. Plywood is stronger than MDF and doesn’t sag, split, expand, contract or warp. Because MDF is made up of wood fibres, it creates more dust when cut, but it’s easier to cut than plywood, which doesn’t cut well in fancy curves. It looks great when painted, while plywood is generally stained to achieve the desired finish. Because plywood is more durable, it is perfect for outdoor projects.

These are the basic differences or comparison ( MDF vs Plywood ) and if you are looking to buy top-quality plywood at the best price in the market, contact CameroonTimberExportSarl.

How To Buy Best Quality Plywood & MDF

plywood & wood boards

Choose from diffrent types of plywood such as 3-ply, 5-ply or multi-ply and various types of wood boards according to your requirement at affordable prices. At CameroonTimberExportSarl, We can provide plywood and other types of engineered wood in your desired grade with both standard and custom dimensions as required for your project. You can order plywood and medium density wood board in bulk quantity at the best price with free shipping facility worldwide. Contact us to know more, on our official mail or you can directly reach us at +237671776559 for all your wood related needs.

What Are the Different Types of Manufactured Boards?

different types of manufactured boards

different types of manufactured boards

When looking to buy wood for your project, you have two options – buy solid wood timber or go with manufactured wood. Of course, buying and using solid wood is generally a costlier option. Moreover, in some cases, manufactured wood turn out to be better or more durable than real wood. If you are looking to learn about the different types of manufactured boards, here you go.

What is Manufactured Wood?

As the name suggests, manufactured wood is a type of wood that is manufactured and is not naturally produced solid wood. Manufacture boards are made by combining different wood pieces along with glue and other things to produce a stable and possibly more durable piece of wood. The best thing about manufactured wood is that it costs less than natural solid wood but can be as strong and durable. It is ideal for a variety of woodworking projects ranging from construction to furniture making, flooring and others.

In order to select the right manufactured boards, you must about the different types of manufactured wood boards along with their qualities and drawbacks,

Types of Manufactured Boards

The Most Common Types of Manufactures Boards Include:

  • Plywood
  • Particleboard/ Chipboard
  • Fiberboard
  • MDF (Medium Density Fiberboard)
  • Veneer

Plywood


Plywood is manufactured by combining alternate layers of wood such that their grain is at right angles to each other. The result is a very strong and durable wood with high resistance to tearing. The layers in plywood are combined under high pressure and controlled heat conditions to achieve a robust product. Waterproof glue is used to manufacture plywood that is water-resistant and can be used outside. Depending on the material used, plywood is available in different types, including veneered plywood and marine plywood.

Particleboard / Chipboard

chipboard
Particleboard, as the name suggests, is made from wood particles or smaller wood pieces. The wood pieces are joined together with adhesives under extreme heating and pressure conditions to form a wood board that is uniquely strong in all directions. Particleboards are less expensive than plywood or natural wood. To add further strength and durability to particleboards, they are often coated with melamine or finished with wood veneer.

Fiberboard

fiberboard
Wood fibre produced from mills and other construction sites is combined and glued together in a specific board shape using a synthetic resin-based adhesive, which results in a strong wood board that is moderately strong and resistant to breaking. Low-density fiberboard (LDF), medium-density fiberboard (MDF), and high-density fiberboard (HDF) are the common types of fiberboard.

MDF (Medium Density Fiberboard)

Medium Density Fiberboard
Medium-density fiberboard is both strong and affordable. It has good density and can be as strong as plywood. MDF is commonly used for building furniture parts such as drawers, and tables for office and dining. It is not water-resistant and not suitable to use outside, however, MDF has decent durability and strength and can be used the same as solid wood for a range of projects.

Veneer

veneer
Veneer is a thin layer of wood that is generally added to manufactured boards like particleboard or MDF to enhance their strength and make them more durable and resistant to moisture, termites, etc. It also helps give manufactured boards a more natural, wood-like finish.

Some other, lesser-known types of manufactured boards include blackboard, hardboard and insulation board.

Blockboard

blockboard
Blockboard is generally used as a cost-effective alternative to plywood, especially for applications needing boards of higher thickness. It is formed by combining a solid timber core with two outer facing veneers such that their grain is at right angles and form a solid, strong product.

Hardboard

hardboard
Hardboards are made from wood fibre, which is pressed between hot plates to produce large, thin grainless sheets that are generally used for making inexpensive furniture like cabinets.

Insulation Board

insulation board
Insulation board is a manufactured board that is primarily used on indoor walls for the purpose of providing insulation against heat and sound. It is made from wood pulp and is weak and with low density.

So, now that you know all about the different types of manufactured boards, are you ready to buy the best wood board for your project? Have questions or need help? Contact us at CameroonTimberExportSarl to enquire about the best wood timber for indoor/outdoor projects or to buy the best quality wood at the lowest price in the market. We deal in a wide variety of manufactured boards, including laminated chipboard, plywood, wood chips and more and deliver to all major countries in Asia, Europe, Africa and America.

Latest Wood Products Offered by CameroonTimberExportSarl

new wood products

new wood products

CameroonTimberExportSarl is a leading supplier, exporter and manufacturer of wood timber and logs in the Middle East, Australia, Europe, Latin America and other parts of the world. We not only supply wood but also provide various timber-related services as well as sell a range of related products including wood boards, plywood and tree products such as walnut kernel and in-shell walnuts.

Lately, many new products have been added to the CameroonTimberExportSarl website, and this article aims to educate people about these products including the process to order them. As a full-service wood manufacturing and supplier company, CameroonTimberExportSarl aims to become a one-stop solution for all types of wood products and related services, from timber production to wood harvesting, processing, drying, treatment and transportation.

Here are the latest wood and other products you can buy on the CameroonTimberExportSarl website.

Wood Boards

wood boards

Wood boards are custom-made flat, rectangular pieces of wood that are designed for a particular use. In general, wood logs are cut into timber, which are like small boards. Wood boards are bigger in size and are made either from timber or directly from wood logs. Composite wood boards made of wood pieces in combination with other materials like fibre, glue, veneer, etc. are also quite popular these days.

Wood boards are extensively used in furniture making, construction, flooring, tabletops, and a range of other applications.

While natural wood boards are made of solid wood, engineered or manufactured boards are made of composite wood. Fibreboards, particleboard, laminated boards, MDF, etc. are common examples of engineered wood boards. Boards made of softwood are called softwood boards and the ones made of hardwood are called hardwood boards.

To buy premium quality wood boards, both solid and engineered boards, contact CameroonTimberExportSarl for the best price. Special offers are applicable for bulk orders.

Plywood

plywood

Plywood is engineered wood made from veneers called plies. These plies or thin layers of veneer are attached together using a powerful glue to make a robust, highly durable and strong solid wood product.

Plywood is available in the form of wood boards and comes in a variety of dimensions suitable for different purposes ranging from flooring and roofing to furniture making, cabinets, and general construction. Plywood can be of different types such as softwood, hardwood, flexible plywood, tropical plywood, aircraft plywood, decorative plywood, marine plywood, etc.

Buy top-quality plywood in custom dimensions and sizes and at the guaranteed best price from CameroonTimberExportSarl and get doorstep delivery anywhere in the world. We have plywood available in a range of wood species and huge amounts. All wood products are sustainably produced and processed at the company mill. Contact us today to enquire more.

Other Than Wood

Besides solid wood, timber, plywood and wood boards, we at CameroonTimberExportSarl also sell and supply various outside wood products including walnut kernels and in-shell walnut.

Walnut Kernels

walnut kernels
Walnut kernels are the dry fruits produced from a walnut tree. They are naturally covered in a hard brown coat, and the inner part or the fruit is called the walnut kernel. Walnut kernels are extensively used as dry fruits in dishes, juices, shakes, and directly. They are a great source of antioxidants and omega-3s and can help with a number of health-related issues including inflammation, cancer, overweight, type 2 diabetes and others.

Depending on the type of tree and the location, walnut can greatly vary in quality and size. Eating the best quality walnut is important for all-round benefits. Here at CameroonTimberExportSarl we now supply premium quality walnut kernels produced from some of the finest locations around the world. We sell walnut kernels in bulk and at the lowest price in the market. To buy the best quality walnut kernels, contact us today.

Inshell Walnuts

inshell walnuts

Looking to buy inshell walnuts or whole walnuts at the best price in the market? We sell in-shell walnuts at wholesale prices and delivery to all major countries. Whether you are in the USA, the UK or Australia, we can ship premium-grade in-shell walnuts to your location at the guaranteed best price.

Inshell walnuts, also called whole walnuts, are walnuts that have their shell preserved. This type of walnut is highly popular and widely used. They grow in many countries, but China, the US and Turkey are some of the biggest producers of the highest quality walnuts in the world. And now, you can buy the best premium quality whole walnuts online at CameroonTimberExportSarl with doorstep delivery anywhere in the world. Just call us to tell us about your requirements or to place your order today.

CameroonTimberExportSarl is the no. 1 supplier and global exporter of wood products like timber, logs, slabs, wood boards and plywood in the world. We are in the process of expanding our product line and have recently added many new products/services to our website. Make sure to check them out. To order, just call us or fill-up the form on our website.

What Are the Different Types of Defects in Timber?

major defects in timber

different types of defects in timber

Defects in timber are a very natural thing and can happen for many reasons such as natural forces, calamity, environment, insects, fungi, seasoning, etc. Having a brief knowledge of the different types of timber defects can help you easily identify a defect so that it can be dealt with properly and on time. Timber defects when not handled on time can lead to serious damage to your timber, making it unusable or reducing its lifespan.

CameroonTimberExportSarl is a top provider & exporter of high-quality wood timber in 50+ species and at the best price with doorstep delivery to all major countries around the globe. Our timbers are locally-produced, quality-tested and defect-free.

Different types of timber defects occur at different stages during the production and processing of timber. Let’s talk about the different types of natural defects in timber caused due to things such as natural forces, insects, fungi, seasoning and timber conversion.

5 Major Timber Defects In Detail

1. Types of Timber Defects Caused by Natural Forces

A large number of timber defects might occur due to natural forces, including wind cracks, shakes, upsets, burls, chemical stains, twisted fibers, water stains, knots and more.

  • Wind cracks occur when the outer surface starts shrinking and cracks are formed on the timber surface due to constant exposure to high-speed winds.
  • Shakes are cracks in the wood that might occur due to a variety of reasons such as non-uniform growth of wood or bending due to natural causes. Common types of timber shakes include cup shakes, heart shakes, ring shakes, star shakes and radial shakes.
  • Twist Fibers occur when the fibers in a timber tree are twisted due to external sources like high-speed winds.
  • Upsets are another type of timber defect that occur when the wood fibers are crushed due to external forces like high-winds or improper chopping.
  • Rind Galls refer to when trees start curved swelling, which generally happens due to inappropriate removal of a tree branch.
  • Burlsare uneven shapes that occur on the body of the tree due to specific injuries including shocks occurring during its growth.
  • Water stains are stains caused due to constant contact of wood with water which results in a permanent stain occurring on the wood surface.
  • Chemical Stains occur when the wood starts reacting with external chemicals like gases present in the atmosphere.
  • Dead wood is the wood that is extracted from a dead tree. It is very light and has poor strength and durability.
  • Timber knots occur after conversion of timber on places where a branch has been removed and a mark has been left as a result.
  • Coarse grain is when the gap between the annual rings is unusually large in fast-growing trees.
  • Druxiness is a type of defect in which the timber surface starts showing white spots and may lead to fungi problems.
  • Callus is the soft skin that covers the wound of a tree.

2. Variety of Wood Defects Caused Due to Fungi

Fungi in timber can lead to a variety of defects in the wood, which may include dry rot, wet rot, white rot, brown rot, heart rot, blue stain and sap stain.

  • Dry rot is when the wood is being eaten by a specific type of fungi, which converts it to a dry powder form. This happens when the wood has been improperly seasoned.
  • Wet rot occurs when the wood is put through alternate dry and wet conditions and fungi starts growing on it.
  • Brown rot is when the timber color turns brownish because a specific type of fungi has been eating its cellulose compounds.
  • White rot occurs when the timber color turns white because these types of fungi eat the timber lignin.
  • Blue stain is a type of defect which is caused by a specific type of fungi that turns the wood blue.
  • Heart rot occurs when fungi eat up the heartwood of a tree, usually through a newly grown branch.
  • Sap stain occurs when a type of fungi makes the sapwood discolored. This generally happens in timber with 25% or higher moisture content.

3. Types of Timber/Wood Defects Caused During Seasoning

Seasoning is the process of drying timber to reduce moisture content without causing physical damage to the wood. Inappropriate seasoning can lead to a number of defects, such as bow, cup, check, split, twist, warp, collapse and others.

  • Bow is when timber planks start forming a curve shape when stored for a long period after seasoning.
  • Cupping of timber refers to the timber having a curve along its width.
  • Sometimes due to over seasoning of timber, the wood fibers start separating, causing cracks in the wood, which are called checks
  • When checks spread to either end of the timber, it results in the wood splitting into two or more parts.
  • Twistis when the timber has a spiral curve along its length.
  • Honeycombing in timber occurs due to stresses created during the seasoning process.
  • When the top surface of wood dries rapidly than the inner part during seasoning, a type of defect is formed that is called case hardening
  • Collapse is the wood defect that occurs due to improper drying shrinkage of wood caused due to uneven drying of different parts.

4. Types of Timber Defects Caused by Insects

Insects are one of the primary reasons to destroy the quality and reduce the lifespan of timber. While some woods are resistant to insect attack, others are not and may need to be treated externally.

Termites, beetles and marine borers are three of the most common types of insect responsible for timber damage. Termites are white ants that eat up the timber from the inside without harming the outer layer. Beetles are small insects that affect the sapwood of the timber, converting it into power form. Marine borers live inside the timber by making large holes up to 60mm.

5. Major Wood Defects Caused During Conversion

Conversion is the process of turning wood logs into timber or lumber that is ready to use. A variety of defects can occur during the timber conversion process. The most common ones include diagonal grain, torn grain, chip mark and wane.

To know more about our timber seasoning and conversion process and how we ensure minimal defects on timber, contact CameroonTimberExportSarl.

Meranti Wood: Properties, Characteristics & Uses

properties of meranti wood

properties of meranti wood

Meranti is a durable hardwood with soft to medium density and light or dark golden reddish color, which depends on the origin of the wood. It is primarily used in internal applications and projects such as home/office interior, flooring, furniture, window, moulding, etc. In terms of workability, Meranti cuts, nails, glues, screws and sands easily. The wood is easily available and moderately priced. Here’s everything you need to know about Meranti timber, its properties, uses and availability.

CameroonTimberExportSarl is a leading exporter & seller of Meranti hardwood timber, logs and slabs. We supply to all locations around the world, including Europe, Africa, Australia, Western Asia, and America. For the best quality Meranti wood at cheap prices, contact us today.

Meranti Timber Introduction

Meranti has many types based on the species it is produced from. Some of these include Shorea pauciflora, S. acuminata, S. platycarpa, and S. platyclados. The wood is commonly known as dark red meranti or light red meranti based on its color. It is also sometimes called Philippine Mahogany because of its mahogany-like features and appearance.

Meranti is produced all over the world, but it is native to Indonesia and primarily grows in Kalimantan, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and the Philippines. In other countries where the wood is not locally produced, it is imported from other regions.

The Meranti trees are generally 65-130 ft tall and have a 3-6 ft trunk diameter. They are averagely strong and have moderate durability. Let us now look at some of the most important meranti wood properties in detail.

Technical specifications

meranti wood properties

Crushing Strength: 7,070 lbf/in2 (48.8 MPa)
Modulus of Rupture: 12,710 lbf/in2 (87.7 MPa)
Average Dried Weight: 42 lbs/ft3 (675 kg/m3)
Janka Hardness: 800 lbf (3,570 N)
Elastic Modulus: 1,743,000 lbf/in2 (12.02 GPa)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .55, .68
Shrinkage: Radial: 3.9%, Tangential: 7.8%, Volumetric: 12.5%, T/R Ratio: 2.0

Meranti Wood Properties, Pros & Cons

Color: Depending on the type, Meranti can be light red or dark red (heartwood) and has a lighter sapwood, but the dark reddish wood with white resin streaks is the most common.

Grain: Meranti wood grain is normally straight but can also be interlocked and has a coarse texture with a low natural lustre.

Endgrain: It is rather easy to identify Meranti wood because of its porous end-grain, having large or very large pores in no fixed arrangement.

Resistance & Durability: Meranti is generally soft or medium hard and rated as moderately durable. It has decent resistance to decay but is prone to insect attack, bugs and marine borders. The wood has average hardness and is relatively stable.

Workability: The best thing about Meranti is that it is easy to work with both hands and machines. The wood glues, stains, paints and finishes well. It is also easy to nail and has good sticking properties. However, the presence of interlocked grain can sometimes lead to troubles during planing. Some species having a little silica content can cause a blunting effect on woodworking tools. Also, Meranti is known to be poorly responsive to steam-bending.

Drying: Meranti is reported to dry easily and rapidly. In just about 2 to 3 months, the moisture content in wood can reduce from 60 per cent to 18 per cent when kept in the open air under covers. It undergoes little degradation when naturally drying.

Meranti Wood Types

Meranti can have different species based on origin and properties. The most common ones include Dark Red Meranti, White Meranti, Yellow Meranti and Light Red Meranti.

As the name suggests, the main difference is in color. Light Red Meranti has a pale straw color, while dark red Meranti is dark reddish or brown. While Meranti has a yellowish-orange heartwood, and Yellow Meranti is yellowish-brown. Other properties are nearly the same.

Meranti Wood Uses

Meranti has poor or moderate durability and rot resistance, which is why it is generally preferred for interior work. Due to the above listed meranti wood properties it is Commonly used as plywood, flooring, interior furniture, veneering, construction, windows, doors, joinery, and boatbuilding.

Meranti Wood Price & Availability

Meranti is widely harvested and grows in many locations around the world. It is therefore easily available. Even the imported wood has a moderate price because of its easy and ample availability. However, some species of this wood are added to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and may not be as easily available. Contact your local wood supplier or Cameroon Timber Export Sarl for details.

Your search for a reliable Meranti wood supplier/exporter ends here. We can provide top-quality wood products at the best price in the market with outstanding after-sales support. Contact us today to know more.

Understanding the Wood Kiln Drying Process & Why It Is Important

wood kiln drying process

wood kiln drying process

Wood Kiln Drying Process involves the use of a kiln – a type of oven – to manually reduce the moisture content of wood in order to improve its workability and efficiency. Heat treatment, air drying, etc. are some other popular timber drying methods.

Here at CameroonTimberExportSarl, we use kiln drying as a standard approach to dry woods with high moisture content. Other than that, we also use the air-drying method of drying timber. Besides using kiln drying for our own in-house wood production and processing, we also provide wood drying services to other wood dealers and manufacturers in the region. Contact us or visit our website for details.

What is Wood Kiln Drying?

Kiln drying is a wood drying method used by wood production and processing mills primarily to reduce moisture content in freshly felled green lumber to make them workable and improve the quality. It involves the use of an oven-like machine called a kiln to manually extract excess moisture out of wood.

Wood that has been treated through kiln drying possess is called kiln-dried wood. Kilns are designed such that a custom atmosphere with specific temperature, humidity, and steam levels can be created for wood treatment. It’s a reportedly faster and more efficient method than air drying.

A typical kiln is made of the following four components:

  • Kiln chamber – usually made of bricks, concrete or aluminium.
  • A powerful source of heat
  • Humidifiers to create proper humidity conditions
  • Fans to provide air circulation

Why is Kiln Drying Used?

Drying fresh wood is important for many reasons. The high moisture levels in wood can lead to a range of problems, including poor workability, warping & twisting and poor overall efficiency. High moisture levels in wood do not just cause problems during production and processing but can cost significantly in damages when in use.

Kiln drying helps bring moisture levels down to a workable range so that the above-mentioned problems are reduced to a great extent.

Drying is a crucial part of the timber manufacturing/production process, which helps ensure the end products are of optimal quality and do not have excess moisture that can cause troubles later on. Wet wood is not good for many things. It cannot be used as it is for anything from firewood to construction and other projects. Moreover, the use of green lumber can cause significant damage to the entire project over time.

Without kiln drying, the fresh wood will start drying naturally over time, thus losing its moisture content and causing twists, warps or shrinks, which will not be an ideal thing for any project.

Kiln drying is considered even better than the natural wood drying process. Here’s why.

Once the tree is felled, it starts losing its moisture supply and would start drying at a rapid pace. However, that rapid drying and moisture loss can cause significant damage to the wood’s quality. Kiln drying, on the other hand, would systematically extract the moisture out of wood without causing damage to the wood itself.

Kiln drying has many benefits over other wood drying methods. Kiln-dried wood is lightweight, doesn’t warp or develop cracks over time, is highly durable and has the lowest moisture levels. The dying process not only removes moisture quickly but also kills many insects, eggs and bugs in the wood, increasing its life and value.

The Wood Kiln Drying Process

The kiln drying process involves the use of a kiln to dry the wood using heated air. The method involves the following steps:

1. Sorting of logs: After the trees are felled and logs are brought to the mill, they are first debarked and then sorted into groups based on species, size or purpose.

2. Sawing: Big logs are sawn into smaller, rough boards of different dimensions and sizes for different end-use.

3. Kiln drying: After sorting and sawing, logs or timber are fed to the kiln machine, where they are treated with circulating heated air for a specific period to rapidly remove any excess moisture content from the wood. The treatment time, kiln temperature, air pressure, etc. are preset based on the target moisture content levels. To optimize the drying process, wood is fed in the kiln in batches sorted by wood species and dimensions.
Sometimes, the drying process needs to be repeated multiple times, depending on timber species, size and moisture content, in different temperature/airflow/humidity settings to achieve the right Equilibrium Moisture Content (EMC) to reach the desired moisture content levels.

4. Planing: Immediately after kiln drying, the timber is sent through the planer for planing according to the required final dimensions and size. Then, it is packaged and shipped out.

However, one should know that kiln drying, or any other method of wood drying for that matter, will not make the wood 100% free of or resistant to moisture. It is the nature of wood to attract and react with moisture. Unless the timber is fully sealed, it will keep interacting with and absorbing moisture in its environment.

Contact us (CameroonTimberExportSarl) for kiln wood drying services or to purchase the best quality kiln-dried timber at the guaranteed lowest price.

LATIN AMERICA’S NO #1 WOOD SUPPLIER AT WHOLESALE PRICES (Honduras, Brazil, Costa Rica, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador)

best wood supplier in Latin America

best wood supplier in Latin America

Are you looking to buy wood from the best reliable timber supplier in Latin America (Honduras, Brazil, Costa Rica, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador)? Then, you’re at the right place. Today, we are going to talk about the No. 1 most trusted wood supplier in the whole of Latin America and the best place to buy timber at wholesale price with doorstep delivery in America.

Let’s get started.

CameroonTimberExportSarl – NO #1 Latin America Wood Supplier At Wholesale Prices

For over 30 years now, CameroonTimberExportSarl has been a leading and most trusted supplier of African wood and timber in all of Latin America. We ship to all major cities and countries in Latin America and take full guarantee of best quality wood delivered on time.

CameroonTimberExportSarl deals in sustainable harvesting of high-quality timber in over a hundred African species. All wood is locally processed in our Cameroon mill located in Douala. We have employed the best artisans and woodworkers with extensive experience in the industry and the ability to handle the wood with care.

We export to all locations in Latin America, including Honduras, Brazil, Costa Rica, Colombia, Panama, and Ecuador.

latin America Wood Supplier

Wood Supplier Honduras

We are a leading wood supplier in Honduras and deliver to all major cities of the Central American Country, including Tegucigalpa, San Pedro Sula, La Ceiba, and Danli. We have partnered with many small and big merchants around the country and fulfil their timber needs with timely delivery and the best quality guarantee.

Timber Supplier Brazil

As a premier timber wood supplier in Brazil, CameroonTimberExportSarl is trusted by hundreds of Brazilian wood merchants and construction workers for their routine wood needs. We guarantee the best quality at the lowest possible price and ship to all major cities, including Sao Paulo, De Janeiro, Brasilia, and Salvador.

Timber Exporter Costa Rica

CameroonTimberExportSarl is a reliable provider, supplier and exporter of timber wood in Costa Rica. For premium grade African timber, hardwood, softwood, logs and slabs, you can contact us at any time and get the wood delivered to your doorstep with guaranteed best quality. All major cities in Costa Rica are served – San Jose, Limon, Alajuela, and Cartago.

Wholesale Wood Supplier Colombia

We work closely with wood merchants and dealers in Columbia to supply our premium grade, best-price wood to all locations around the country. Doorstep shipping is available for all major cities in Colombia – Bogota, Medellin, Cali and Leticia, and you can contact us directly for a discount on wholesale timber orders.

Bulk Timber Distributor Panama

Panama’s leading timber supplier and wholesale wood exporter is now available at your service. Contact us for all your timber needs anywhere in Panama and get on-time delivery to your location with guaranteed best price and quality. All major cities, including Guayaquil, Quito, Cuenca, Domingo and Machala are covered by us.

Top Wood Exporter Ecuador

Looking for a top wood exporter to buy high-grade timber at the best price in Ecuador? CameroonTimberExportSarl can deliver the highest quality timber to your location anywhere in Ecuador with guaranteed best price and on-time delivery. Whether you want one-time timber or looking for a long-term supplier, we promise consistent quality at the best-in-market rates.

We deal in all top African wood/timber species, including but not limited to:

Afromosia Doussie Moabi
Anigre Dabema Movingui
Azobe Ekop-beli Niagon
Bilinga Iroko Okan
Black Limba Ekop-naga Okoume
Bubinga Ironwood Ovangkol
Bilinga Mahogany Pachyloba
Cedrela Odorata Makore Padauk
Cerejeira Meranti Pine wood
Ebony Merbau Rosewood
Sapele Tali Teak
Wenge Zebrano Zebrawood

What Makes Us NO #1 Latin America Wood Supplier

CameroonTimberExportSarl has been a premier provider of top-quality wood products, timber, slabs and logs in Latin America for the last 30+ years. Our invaluable experience in sustainable timber harvesting, processing & export and ability to provide solutions to meet customers’ needs are the reasons customers trust us for all their timber requirements.

Decades of industry experience combined with an incredible staff enable us to consistently deliver outstanding service and support to all our customers worldwide. We can offer some of the rarest timber species at the most competitive pricing in the market with doorstep delivery to your location anywhere in Latin America.

From planning (selecting the right species, product type, etc.) to execution (wood processing, shipping & delivery), and after-sale support, everything is handled by our expert, in-house staff for maximum customer satisfaction.

Order Best Quality Wood at Inexpensive Rates from Latin America’s Top Timber Supplier

When looking to buy the best quality wood at cheaper rates in Latin America, CameroonTimberExportSarl is your one-stop solution. Contact us for all leading African wood species, including Afromosia, Anigre, Azobe, Bilinga, Black Limba, Bubinga, Bilinga, Cedrela Odorata, Cerejeira, Ebony, Doussie, Dabema, Ekop-beli, Iroko, Ekop-naga, Ironwood, Mahogany, Makore, Meranti, Merbau, Moabi, Movingui, Niagon, Okan, Okoume, Ovangkol, Pachyloba, Padauk, Pine wood, Rosewood, Sapele, Tali, Teak, Wenge, Zebrano, and Zebrawood.

Get in touch with our wonderful customer care team to enquire about our timber species, availability and price.

Choose The Best Timber For Outdoor Use: An Ultimate Guide

choose best timber for outdoor use

choose best timber for outdoor use

What is the Best Timber for Outdoor Use?

When looking to buy wood for outdoor projects such as outdoor furniture or flooring, choosing the right timber is crucial. The timber wood resistant to water, moisture, decay, insect and rot is considered as one of the best wood for outdoor usage. The outdoor wood must also be strong and dense enough. In this article, we will discuss the process of choosing the right wood for outdoor furniture as well as top timber species for outdoor use.

CameroonTimberExportSarl is a top supplier of the best quality African timber in a wide range of species suitable for both indoor and outdoor projects. We export timber to all major countries in the world. Contact us for a quote.

How to Choose the Right Timber for Outdoor Use

Choosing the right outdoor timber can be troublesome, especially since there are so many options to choose from. Even though the options for natural outdoor timber are limited, there are many timber species that do well for outdoor projects once treated with pressure (pressure treatment) or chemicals (chemical treatment).

It’s also important to note that all timber woods can be broadly categorised into two types: hardwood and softwood. So, it’s crucial to understand the difference between these two types of wood.

Hardwood is procured from angiosperm trees. Since they generally have a complex structure, hardwoods are generally harder than softwoods. Some of the common types of hardwood include oak, walnut, ash, mahogany, and maple.
Softwood is the wood produced by coniferous trees. Their cell structure is less dense, which makes them softer than hardwoods, but this isn’t always the case, as some softwoods are stronger and harder than some hardwoods. The growth period of softwood trees is generally shorter than that of hardwood trees. Pine, fir, cedar, redwood, etc. are the most popular types of softwood.

Best Timber Species for Outdoor Projects

Pine

Pine Solid Wood Board Rough Sawn Timber

Pine is a softwood that shows remarkable resistance features after treating it with chemicals. Treated pine is resistant to decay and insects, which makes it ideal for outdoor woodworking projects. Some of the common outdoor uses of pinewood include decking, flooring, outdoor furniture, cladding, posts, and poles. Treated pine is also easy to shape, paint and stain and is widely used for making curved and turned objects.

Pine is also easily available and comparatively affordable. Now you can buy Pine sawn timber directly from CameroonTimberExportSarl at the best price online and get doorstep delivery anywhere in the world.

White Oak

oak wood

White oak is another popular wood for outdoor projects. It’s a naturally dense wood and is much less porous than red oak. It’s super strong and the heartwood has good resistance to moisture and decay. White oak is easy to stain and work with. The common uses of this wood are furniture making, flooring, cabinets, and boatbuilding.

Merbau

merbau wood logs

Merbau is one of the primary choices for building outdoor furniture and wood items, mainly because of its excellent strength and durability characteristics. The Merbau timber also has good resistance to termite and lyctid borers, which makes it ideal for the places where these pests are common. Merbau heartwood is orange-brown in color and looks very attractive.

Mahogany

Mahogany Wood Logs

Mahogany is a widely popular timber for furniture making. It’s rather an expensive wood and is generally used for making high-quality, premium furniture. Mahogany wood cuts, stains, and finishes well. African Mahogany Wood is the best in terms of strength and durability. It has decent resistance to insects and termites. Buy top quality Mahogany at the best price online from CameroonTimberExportSarl.

Teak

teak

Though teak is a rare wood species only available in certain locations, you can still manage to buy teak in small quantities from famous manufacturers including CameroonTimberExportSarl.  The use of teak in a variety of woodworking projects, ranges from furniture making to boatbuilding and other craft-centric projects.

Ipe

Ipe wood is usually compared to walnut and ironwood because of its extraordinary strength and durability.  It’s furniture can easily last for decades and depicts good resistance to warping, cracking, denting, and decomposition.

The use of rot-proof composites for outdoor projects is also very common nowadays.

Buy Quality Timber for Outdoor Furniture

CameroonTimberExportSarl is a leading supplier of the highest quality timber for outdoor furniture and a range of woodworking projects. We are the No.1 supplier of timber and wood logs to merchants in multiple countries, including Malaysia, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Australia, Canada, and others. Our timber products are sustainably sourced and carefully produced to ensure the best quality. Contact us today to enquire about timber availability and price.

Types of Industrial Timber & its Uses: A Detailed Guide

types of industrial timber

types of industrial timber

There is natural timber, which I’m sure you all must have heard about. And then, there is industrial timber, which is a more artificial form of timber that is manufactured scientifically in a factory. Because industrial timber is manufactured scientifically and using a research-backed process, it is usually stronger and more durable when compared to normal timber. It may also be manufactured in custom sizes and shapes.

Why Industrial Timber is Required

Not all varieties of natural timber may not be strong and/or durable enough for a project. Industrial timber is made by merging different species of timber using a scientific process that ensures the best quality output.

Some of the most common types of industrial timber include plywood, veneer, hard boards, fiber boards & sheets, block boards, etc.

Now, you can buy all the top varieties of industrial timber directly from CameroonTimberExportSarl at wholesale prices with doorstep delivery anywhere in the world.

Types & Uses of Industrial Timber

Following Are the Major Types of Industrial Timber:

1) Veneer
2) Plywood
3) Fiber Board
4) Impreg Timber
5) Compreg Timbers
6) Block board/ Lamin board
7) Glulam
8) Flush door shutters
9) Particle board/ Chip board
10) Hard board

1. Veneer

Veneers are thin layers of timber that are made by cutting the wood in a rotary machine using a sharp knife. Since it’s produced in a factory, it’s a type of industrial wood. The output is thin timber sheets of custom size, length and shape. These are used in a variety of projects, including making plywood and block boards.

2. Plywood

Plywood is thicker than veneer. It is generally made by adding thin layers of veneers onto each other, which are joined using adhesives. Depending on the thickness you want, a number of veneer layers can be added to make plywood. To make sure that the layers are added properly and remain fixed, joining and pressing is done under specific hot/cold conditions. Plywood made through this process can be used for a number of purposes, including doors, flooring, bedding, ceilings, partition walls, etc.

3. Fiber Boards

Fiber boards are industrial timber that is made from the fibers of wood, vegetables, etc. Because of its recycled manufacturing, these are also called reconstructed woods. The manufacturing process includes boiling the fibers in hot water in order to separate natural adhesives from them. Then, the fibers are cleaned and pressed between steel plates to form timber sheets called fiber boards. This type of timber is good for wall paneling, ceilings, flooring, etc.

4. Impreg Timber

This type of industrial timber is made by combining veneers with resin. The thin layers of veneers are dipped in resin solution so as to form a coating to fill up the natural voids in the wood and give a stronger, sturdier form. This is then heated at a high temperature to obtain the timber form. Common examples include sunmica, sungloss, and formica. It is highly durable and therefore suitable to use in furniture and decorative industrial timber products.

5. Compreg Timber

This type of timber is obtained by compressing the impreg timber under specific pressure conditions to further increase its strength and durability. The result is a stronger and sturdier industrial timber product.

6. Hard Boards

Hard board is one of the strongest types of industrial wood. It is made by compressing wood pulp to make solid timber boards. Hard boards are usually 3 mm thick, with a smooth top surface. Depending on the density, they can be categorised as medium, normal and tempered hard boards.

7. Glulam

The word ‘Glulam’ is a merge of Glue + Lamination. As the name suggests, this type of timber is made by laminating glued wood sheets. Wood veneers are glued to form solid sheets, which are then laminated using resins to form a much stronger timber. This is particularly useful in making straight beams for construction, round & square columns, tied arches, and curved beams.

8. Chip Boards

Also commonly known as particle boards, this type of industrial timber is made from wood particles or sugarcane pulp or rice husk ace. To make the board, the wood particles/pulp are first dissolved in a resin solution for some time. The mixture is then heated and then pressed to obtain the timber form.

9. Block Boards

Block board is an industrial timber obtained by processing wood strips, which are thin/small wood bars leftover from the timber conversion process. These wood strips are glued together to form a solid board, which is then covered with veneers on both sides to give stability and sturdiness. Block boards are commonly used for paneling, boat building, river crafts, partitions, and railway carriages.

10. Flush Door Shutters

Flush door shutters are generally made using fiber boards. They are commonly used in interior woodwork projects, especially for making doors. They can be made in custom size and thickness.

Buy the Best Quality Industrial Timber in Custom Size & Shape

Order top-quality industrial timber of any variety and in custom sizes & shapes from CameroonTimberExportSarl at the lowest prices online. We accept online orders for wood, timber and logs and provide shipping to locations all around the world. All wood timbers are processed at our Cameroon factory by expert woodworkers and carpenters to ensure premium quality timber for our customers.

To place your order or to know more about our wood quality, availability and price, contact us today https://cameroontimberexport.com/contact